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Theria

Mammalia

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1897Theria Parker and Haswell pp. 448-449
1910Theria Gregory p. 464
1929Theria Simpson p. 38
1940Theria Huene p. 11
1965Theria Sloan and Van Valen p. 225
1966Theria Olson p. 449
1975Theria McKenna p. 40
1981Theria Prothero p. 286
1982Theria Gardiner p. 229
1986Theria Bonaparte p. 57
1986Theria Lillegraven and McKenna p. 25
1988Theria Carroll
1988Theria Rowe p. 245 figs. Figure 3
1989Theria Prothero and Schoch p. 530
1991Theria Griffiths et al. p. 90
1991Theria Wible
1994Theria Springer et al. p. 86
1997Theria Hu et al. p. 137
1997Theria Novacek et al. p. 483
2003Theria Luo et al. p. 1938
2005Theria Averianov and Archibald p. 595
2005Theria Shoshani and Tassy p. 9 figs. Table 2
2007Theria Wible et al. p. 1003
2008Theria Beck et al. p. 750
2010Theria Scott p. 1452
2011Theria Averianov and Lopatin p. 34
2011Theria Hunt, Jr. p. 21
2011Theria Luo et al. p. 444
2022Theria Velazco et al.
2024Theria Chimento et al. p. 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Theriamorpha(Rowe 1993)
Theriiformes()
Trechnotheria
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
subclassTheria

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subcl. Theria Parker and Haswell 1897
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Unr. Eutheria Huxley 1880 [eutherian]
+
G. †Acristatherium Hu et al. 2010
+
Acristatherium yanensis Hu et al. 2010
Fm. †Adapisoriculidae Van Valen 1967
+
G. †Adapisoriculus Lemoine 1885
+
Adapisoriculus minimus Lemoine 1883
G. †Afrodon Gheerbrant 1988
+
Afrodon chleuhi Gheerbrant 1988
Afrodon gheerbranti De Bast et al. 2012
Afrodon ivani López-Martínez and Peláez-Campomanes 1999
Afrodon tagourtensis Gheerbrant 1993
G. †Bustylus Gheerbrant and Russell 1991
+
Bustylus cernaysi Gheerbrant and Russell 1991
Bustylus folieae De Bast et al. 2012
Bustylus germanicus Russell 1964
Bustylus marandati Crochet and Sigé 1983
G. †Deccanolestes Prasad and Sahni 1988
+
Deccanolestes hislopi Prasad and Sahni 1988
Deccanolestes narmadensis Prasad et al. 2010
Deccanolestes robustus Prasad et al. 1994
G. †Garatherium Crochet 1984
+
Garatherium mahboubii Crochet 1984
Garatherium todrae Gheerbrant et al. 1998
G. †Indolestes Kapur et al. 2017
G. †Proremiculus De Bast et al. 2012
+
Proremiculus lagnauxi De Bast et al. 2012
G. †Ambolestes Bi et al. 2018
+
Ambolestes zhoui Bi et al. 2018
Unr. †Asioryctitheria Novacek et al. 1997
+
Fm. †Asioryctidae Kielan-Jaworowska 1981
+
G. †Asioryctes Kielan-Jaworowska 1975
+
Asioryctes nemegtensis Kielan-Jaworowska 1975
G. †Bulaklestes Nessov 1985
+
Bulaklestes kezbe Nessov 1985
G. †Daulestes Trofimov and Nessov 1979
+
Daulestes inobservabilis Nessov 1982
Daulestes kulbeckensis Trofimov and Nessov 1979
+
Invalid names: Kennalestes uzbekistanensis Nessov 1997 [synonym], Kumlestes olzha Nessov 1985 [synonym]
Invalid names: Taslestes Nessov 1982 [synonym]
G. †Kennalestes Kielan-Jaworowska 1968
+
Kennalestes gobiensis Kielan-Jaworowska 1968
G. †Sasayamamylos Kusuhashi et al. 2013
+
Sasayamamylos kawaii Kusuhashi et al. 2013
G. †Uchkudukodon Archibald and Averianov 2006
+
Uchkudukodon nessovi McKenna et al. 2000
G. †Ukhaatherium Novacek et al. 1997
+
Ukhaatherium nessovi Novacek et al. 1997
Invalid names: Kennalestidae Kielan-Jaworowska 1981 [invalid subgroup]
Or. †Bibymalagasia MacPhee 1994
+
Invalid names: Plesiorycteropodidae Patterson 1975 [empty]
Unr. †Cimolesta McKenna 1975
+
Subor. †Apatotheria Scott and Jepsen 1936
+
Fm. †Apatemyidae Matthew 1909
+
Subfm. †Apatemyinae Matthew 1909
+
Invalid names: Heterohyins Gervais 1859 [synonym]
G. †Apatemys Marsh 1872
+
Invalid names: Stehlinius Matthew 1921 [synonym]
G. †Carcinella Von Koenigswald et al. 2009
G. †Eochiromys Teilhard de Chardin 1927
G. †Frugivastodon Bajpai et al. 2005
G. †Heterohyus Gervais 1848
+
Invalid names: Amphichiromys Stehlin 1916 [synonym], Heterochiromys Stehlin 1916 [synonym], Necrosorex Filhol 1890 [synonym]
G. †Jepsenella Simpson 1940
G. †Labidolemur Matthew and Granger 1921
G. †Russellmys Estravís 1990
G. †Sinclairella Jepsen 1934
G. †Stehlinella Matthew 1929
G. †Teilhardella Jepsen 1930
G. †Unuchinia Simpson 1937
+
Invalid names: Apator Simpson 1936 [replaced]
Invalid names: Russellmyinae Estravís 1990 [empty], Unuchiniinae Van Valen and McKenna 1967 [empty]
Fm. †Cimolestidae Marsh 1889
+
G. †Aboletylestes Russell 1964
+
Aboletylestes hypselus Russell 1964
Aboletylestes robustus Gheerbrant 1992
G. †Alveugena Eberle 1999
+
Alveugena carbonensis Eberle 1999
G. †Ambilestes Fox 2015
+
Ambilestes cerberoides Lillegraven 1969
G. †Avunculus Van Valen 1966
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Avunculus didelphodonti Van Valen 1966
G. †Bagalestes Lopatin 2006
+
Bagalestes trofimovi Lopatin 2006
G. †Batodon Marsh 1892
+
Batodon tenuis Marsh 1892
G. †Betonnia Williamson et al. 2011
+
Betonnia tsosia Williamson et al. 2011
G. †Chacopterygus Williamson et al. 2011
+
Chacopterygus minutus Williamson et al. 2011
G. †Cimolestes Marsh 1889
+
Cimolestes cuspulus Gheerbrant 1992
Cimolestes incisus Marsh 1889
+
Invalid names: Nyssodon punctidens Simpson 1927 [synonym]
Cimolestes stirtoni Clemens 1973
Invalid names: Nyssodon Simpson 1927 [synonym]
G. †Delphodon Simpson 1927
+
Delphodon comptus Marsh 1889
Delphodon praenuntius Russell 1928
G. †Gelastops Simpson 1935
+
Gelastops joni Rigby, Jr. 1980
Gelastops parcus Simpson 1935
+
Invalid names: Emperodon acmeodontoides Simpson 1935 [synonym]
Invalid names: Emperodon Simpson 1935 [synonym]
G. †Ilerdoryctes Marandat 1989
+
Ilerdoryctes sigei Marandat 1989
G. †Maelestes Wible et al. 2007
+
Maelestes gobiensis Wible et al. 2007
G. †Naranius Russell and Dashzeveg 1986
+
Naranius americanus Beard and Dawson 2009
Naranius infrequens Russell and Dashzeveg 1986
G. †Paleotomus Van Valen 1967
+
Paleotomus carbonensis Secord 1998
Paleotomus junior Scott et al. 2002
Paleotomus milleri Rigby, Jr. 1980
Paleotomus radagasti Van Valen 1978
Paleotomus senior Simpson 1937
+
Invalid names: Palaeosinopa simpsoni Van Valen 1967 [synonym]
Invalid names: Niphredil Van Valen 1978 [synonym]
G. †Procerberus Sloan and Van Valen 1965
+
Procerberus andesiticus Middleton and Dewar 2004
Procerberus formicarum Sloan and Van Valen 1965
Procerberus grandis Middleton and Dewar 2004
Procerberus plutonis Van Valen 1978
G. †Puercolestes Reynolds 1936
+
Puercolestes simpsoni Reynolds 1936
G. †Scollardius Fox 2015
+
Scollardius propalaeoryctes Lillegraven 1969
G. †Suratilestes Bajpai et al. 2005
+
Suratilestes gingerichi Bajpai et al. 2005
G. †Telacodon Marsh 1892
+
Telacodon laevis Marsh 1892
Telacodon praestans Marsh 1892
Subor. †Pantodonta Cope 1873 [pantodont]
+
Fm. †Alcidedorbignyidae de Muizon and Marshall 1992
+
G. †Alcidedorbignya de Muizon and Marshall 1987
Fm. †Archaeolambdidae Flerov 1952
+
G. †Celaenolambda Tong and Wang 2006
Fm. †Barylambdidae Patterson 1939
+
G. †Barylambda Patterson 1937
G. †Haplolambda Patterson 1939
G. †Ignatiolambda Simons 1960
G. †Leptolambda Patterson and Simons 1958
Fm. †Bemalambdidae Chow et al. 1973
+
G. †Bemalambda Chow et al. 1973
G. †Hypsilolambda Wang 1975
Fm. †Coryphodontidae Marsh 1876
+
G. †Asiocoryphodon Xu 1976
G. †Coryphodon Owen 1845
+
Invalid names: Bathmodon Cope 1872 [synonym], Ectacodon Cope 1882 [synonym], Loxolophodon Cope 1872 [synonym], Manteodon Cope 1882 [synonym], Metalophodon Cope 1872 [synonym]
G. †Eudinoceras Osborn 1924
+
Invalid names: Metacoryphodon Chow and Qi 1982 [synonym]
G. †Heterocoryphodon Lucas and Tong 1987
G. †Hypercoryphodon Osborn and Granger 1932
G. †Wutucoryphodon Tong and Wang 2006
Invalid names: Bathmodontidae Cope 1873 [synonym]
G. †Crustulus Clemens 2017
+
Crustulus fontanus Clemens 2017
Fm. †Harpyodidae Wang 1979
+
G. †Harpyodus Qiu and Li 1977
G. †Huananius Huang and Zheng 1999
+
Huananius youngi Huang and Zheng 1999
Fm. †Pantolambdidae Cope 1883
+
G. †Caenolambda Gazin 1956
G. †Pantolambda Cope 1882
Superfm. †Pantolambdoidea Cope 1883
+
Fm. †Cyriacotheriidae Rose and Krause 1982
Fm. †Pantolambdodontidae Granger and Gregory 1934
Fm. †Pastoralodontidae Chow and Qi 1978
Subfm. †Titanoideidae Patterson 1934
Fm. †Wangliidae Van Valen 1988
+
G. †Wanglia Van Valen 1988
Invalid names: Coryphodontoidea Simons 1960 [empty], Plethorodontidae Huang and Zheng 1987 [empty]
Fm. †Pentacodontidae Simpson 1937
+
G. †Amaramnis Gazin 1962
+
Amaramnis gregoryi Gazin 1962
G. †Aphronorus Simpson 1935
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Aphronorus bearspawensis Scott et al. 2013
Aphronorus fraudator Simpson 1935
Aphronorus orieli Gazin 1969
Aphronorus ratatoski Winterfeld 1982
Aphronorus simpsoni Gazin 1938
G. †Bisonalveus Gazin 1956
+
Bisonalveus browni Gazin 1956
Bisonalveus holtzmani Gingerich 1983
G. †Eurolestes De Bast and Smith 2017
+
Eurolestes dupuisi De Bast and Smith 2017
Fm. †Sarcodontidae Lopatin and Kondrashov 2004
+
G. †Carnilestes Wang and Zhai 1995
+
Carnilestes major Wang and Zhai 1995
Carnilestes palaeoasiaticus Wang and Zhai 1995
G. †Hyracolestes Matthew and Granger 1925
+
Hyracolestes ermineus Matthew and Granger 1925
G. †Metasarcodon Lopatin and Kondrashov 2004
+
Metasarcodon reshetovi Lopatin and Kondrashov 2004
Metasarcodon udovichenkoi Averianov 1994
G. †Prosarcodon McKenna et al. 1984
+
Prosarcodon lonanensis McKenna et al. 1984
Prosarcodon maturus Lopatin and Kondrashov 2004
Prosarcodon minutus Lopatin and Kondrashov 2004
G. †Sarcodon Matthew and Granger 1925
+
Sarcodon minor Meng et al. 1998
Sarcodon pygmaeus Matthew and Granger 1925
+
Invalid names: Opisthopsalis vetus Matthew et al. 1929 [synonym]
Sarcodon zhaii Huang 2003
Invalid names: Opisthopsalis Matthew et al. 1929 [synonym]
Subor. †Tillodontia Marsh 1875 [tillodont]
+
G. †Azygonyx Gingerich 1989
+
Azygonyx ancylion Gingerich and Gunnell 1979
Azygonyx grangeri Simpson 1937
Azygonyx latidens Simpson 1937
Azygonyx xenicus Gingerich and Gunnell 1979
G. †Basalina Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958
+
Basalina basalensis Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg 1958
G. †Benaius Wang and Jin 2004
+
Benaius qianshuiensis Wang and Jin 2004
G. †Dysnoetodon Zhang 1980
+
Dysnoetodon minuta Zhang 1980
Fm. †Esthonychidae Cope 1883
+
G. †Adapidium Young 1937
Subfm. †Esthonychinae Zittel and Schlosser 1911
G. †Megalesthonyx Rose 1971
G. †Plesiesthonyx Lemoine 1891
+
Invalid names: Franchaius Baudry 1992 [synonym]
Subfm. †Trogosinae Gazin 1953
Invalid names: Anchippodontidae Gill 1872 [synonym], Tillotheriidae Marsh 1875 [synonym]
G. †Kuanchuanius Chow 1963
+
G. †Lofochaius Chow et al. 1973
+
Lofochaius brachyodus Chow et al. 1973
G. †Meiostylodon Wang 1975
+
G. †Plethorodon Huang and Zheng 1987
+
Plethorodon chienshanensis Huang and Zheng 1987
G. †Simplodon Huang and Zheng 2003
+
Simplodon qianshanensis Huang and Zheng 2003
Fm. †Yuesthonychidae Tong et al. 2003
+
G. †Yuesthonyx Tong et al. 2003
Fm. †Todralestidae Gheerbrant 1991
+
G. †Namalestes Pickford et al. 2008
+
Namalestes gheerbranti Pickford et al. 2008
G. †Todralestes Gheerbrant 1991
+
Todralestes butleri Gheerbrant 1993
Todralestes variabilis Gheerbrant 1991
Todralestes variabilis Gheerbrant 1991
Invalid names: Didelphodonta McKenna 1975 [empty], Ernanodonta Ding 1987 [empty], Palaeoryctida Averianov 2003 [empty], Pantolesta McKenna 1975 [empty]
Or. †Didymoconida Kretzoi 1943
+
G. †Archaeoryctes Zheng 1979
+
Archaeoryctes euryalis Lopatin 2001
Archaeoryctes notialis Zheng 1979
Archaeoryctes wangi Missiaen et al. 2013
Subfm. †Ardynictinae Lopatin 1997
+
G. †Mongoloryctes Van Valen 1966
G. †Ardynictis Matthew and Granger 1925
+
Ardynictis captor Lopatin 2003
Ardynictis furunculus Matthew and Granger 1925
Ardynictis zhaii Tong 1997
Subfm. †Didymoconinae Lopatin 1997
+
G. †Archaeomangus Lopatin 1997
+
G. †Didymoconus Matthew and Granger 1924
+
Didymoconus colgatei Matthew and Granger 1924
+
Invalid names: Tshelkaria robusta Gromova 1960 [synonym]
Didymoconus gromovae Lopatin 1997
Didymoconus rostrata Gromova 1960
Invalid names: Tshelkaria Gromova 1960 [synonym]
G. †Ergilictis Lopatin 1997
+
Ergilictis reshetovi Lopatin 1997
G. †Tshotgoria Lopatin 1997
+
Tshotgoria shineusensis Lopatin 1997
G. †Hsiangolestes Zheng and Huang 1984
+
Hsiangolestes youngi Zheng and Huang 1984
G. †Hunanictis Li et al. 1979
+
Hunanictis inexpectatus Li et al. 1979
G. †Jiajianictis Tong 1997
+
Subfm. †Kennatheriinae Lopatin 2006
+
G. †Erlikotherium Lopatin 2006
+
Erlikotherium edentatum Lopatin 2006
G. †Kennatherium Mellett and Szalay 1968
+
Kennatherium shirense Mellett and Szalay 1968
G. †Khaichinula Lopatin 2006
+
Khaichinula lupula Lopatin 2006
G. †Wanolestes Huang and Zheng 2002
+
Wanolestes lii Huang and Zheng 2002
G. †Zeuctherium Tang and Yan 1976
+
Zeuctherium niteles Tang and Yan 1976
Invalid names: Didymoconus berkeyi Matthew and Granger 1924 [nomen dubium], Tshelkariidae Gromova 1960 [synonym]
G. †Durlstodon Sweetman et al. 2017
+
Durlstodon ensomi Sweetman et al. 2017
G. †Durlstotherium Sweetman et al. 2017
+
Durlstotherium newmani Sweetman et al. 2017
G. †Endotherium Shikama 1947
+
Endotherium niinomii Shikama 1947
G. †Eomaia Ji et al. 2002
+
Eomaia scansoria Ji et al. 2002
Fm. †Holoclemensiidae Aplin and Archer 1987
+
G. †Holoclemensia Slaughter 1968
+
Holoclemensia texana Slaughter 1968
+
Invalid names: Comanchea hilli Jacobs et al. 1989 [synonym]
Invalid names: Clemensia Slaughter 1968 [synonym], Comanchea Jacobs et al. 1989 [synonym]
Fm. †Horolodectidae Scott 2019
+
G. †Ferrequitherium Scott 2019
+
Ferrequitherium sweeti Scott 2019
G. †Horolodectes Scott et al. 2006
+
Horolodectes sunae Scott et al. 2006
G. †Hovurlestes Lopatin and Averianov 2018
+
Hovurlestes noyon Lopatin and Averianov 2018
G. †Indoclemensia Wilson Mantilla et al. 2022
+
Indoclemensia magnus Wilson Mantilla et al. 2022
Indoclemensia naskalensis Wilson Mantilla et al. 2022
G. †Juramaia Luo et al. 2011
+
Juramaia sinensis Luo et al. 2011
Superor. Leptictida McKenna 1975
+
Fm. †Gypsonictopidae Van Valen 1967
+
G. †Gypsonictops Simpson 1927
+
Gypsonictops clemensi Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987
Gypsonictops hypoconus Simpson 1927
+
Invalid names: Euangelistes petersoni Simpson 1929 [synonym]
Gypsonictops illuminatus Lillegraven 1969
Gypsonictops lewisi Sahni 1972
Invalid names: Euangelistes Simpson 1929 [synonym]
G. †Sikuomys Eberle et al. 2023
+
Sikuomys mikros Eberle et al. 2023
Fm. †Leptictidae Gill 1872
+
G. †Amphigyion Gingerich and Smith 2006
+
Amphigyion straitae Gingerich and Smith 2006
G. †Asioictops Tong and Wang 2006
+
Asioictops mckennai Tong and Wang 2006
G. †Blacktops Meehan and Martin 2010
+
Blacktops latidens Meehan and Martin 2010
Blacktops longinares Meehan and Martin 2010
Subfm. †Didelphodontinae Matthew 1918
+
G. †Didelphodus Cope 1882
+
Invalid names: Didelphyodus Winge 1923 [synonym]
G. †Phenacops Matthew 1909
G. †Eoictops Gunnell et al. 2016
+
Eoictops novaceki Gunnell et al. 2016
Subfm. †Leptictinae Gill 1872
+
G. †Acmeodon Matthew and Granger 1921
G. †Hypictops Gazin 1949
G. †Leptictis Leidy 1868
+
Invalid names: Ictidops Winge 1917 [synonym], Ictops Leidy 1868 [synonym], Isacis Cope 1873 [synonym]
G. †Megaleptictis Meehan and Martin 2012
G. †Mesodectes Cope 1875
G. †Xenacodon Matthew and Granger 1921
Invalid names: Diacodontinae Trouessart 1879 [synonym]
G. †Myrmecoboides Gidley 1915
+
Myrmecoboides arenarius Secord 2008
G. †Palaeictops Matthew 1899
+
Palaeictops altimontis Velazco and Novacek 2016
Palaeictops bicuspis Cope 1880
Palaeictops borealis Russell 1965
Palaeictops bridgeri Simpson 1959
Palaeictops matthewi Novacek 1977
Palaeictops robustus Velazco and Novacek 2016
Invalid names: Palaeictidops Winge 1917 [synonym], Parictops Granger 1910 [synonym]
G. †Prodiacodon Matthew 1929
+
+
Invalid names: Diacodon pearcei Gazin 1956 [synonym]
Prodiacodon crustulum Novacek 1977
Prodiacodon furor Novacek 1977
Prodiacodon paucus Secord 2008
Prodiacodon tauricinerei Jepsen 1930
+
Invalid names: Diacodon pineyensis Gazin 1952 [synonym]
Invalid names: Palaeolestes Matthew and Granger 1918 [synonym]
Subfm. †Pseudorhynchocyoninae Sige 1974
+
G. †Pseudorhynchocyon Filhol 1895
G. †Scileptictis Tong and Wang 2006
+
Scileptictis simplus Tong and Wang 2006
Scileptictis stenotalus Tong and Wang 2006
G. †Stenoleptictis Korth 2022
Invalid names: Gypsonictopinae Van Valen 1967 [empty], Ictopsidae Schlosser 1887 [synonym], Isacidae Cope 1874 [synonym], Procerberinae Sloan and Van Valen 1965 [empty]
Fm. †Pseudorhyncocyonidae Sigé 1974
+
G. †Diaphyodectes Russell 1964
G. †Fordonia Marandat 1989
+
Fordonia lavocati Marandat 1989
Fordonia lawsoni Hooker 2013
G. †Leptictidium Tobien 1962
+
Leptictidium auderiense Tobien 1962
Leptictidium listeri Hooker 2013
Leptictidium nasutum Storch and Lister 1985
Leptictidium prouti Hooker 2013
Leptictidium storchi Hooker 2013
Leptictidium tobieni Koenigswald and Storch 1987
G. †Phakodon Hooker 2013
+
Phakodon levei Russell et al. 1967
G. †Pseudorhyncocyon Filhol 1892
+
Pseudorhyncocyon cayluxi Filhol 1892
Invalid names: Ictopsia McKenna 1975 [empty]
Unr. †Meridiungulata McKenna 1975
+
Invalid names: Trigonostylopoidea Simpson 1934 [empty]
Fm. †Mingotheriidae Schoch 1985
+
G. †Mingotherium Schoch 1985
+
Mingotherium holtae Schoch 1985
G. †Montanalestes Cifelli 1999
+
Montanalestes keeblerorum Cifelli 1999
G. †Palaeorycteropus Filhol 1894
+
G. †Paranyctoides Fox 1979
+
Paranyctoides quadrans Nessov 1982
+
Invalid names: Paranyctoides aralensis Nessov 1993 [synonym]
Unr. Placentalia Owen 1837 [placental]
+
Unr. Afrotheria Stanhope et al. 1998
+
Unr. Afroinsectiphilia Waddell et al. 2001
+
Unr. Afroinsectivora Waddell et al. 2001
+
Invalid names: Haemochorialia [synonym]
Or. Tubulidentata Huxley 1872 [aardvark]
Invalid names: Fossoromorpha [synonym]
Unr. †Paenungulatomorpha Gheerbrant et al. 2016
+
G. †Abdounodus Gheerbrant et al. 2001
G. †Hadrogeneios Gheerbrant 2023
G. †Ocepeia Gheerbrant et al. 2001
Unr. Paenungulata Simpson 1945
+
Invalid names: Uranotheria [synonym]
Unr. Tethytheria McKenna 1975
+
Or. Proboscidea Illiger 1811 [proboscidean]
Or. Sirenia Illiger 1811 [sirenian]
+
Invalid names: Anthropocephala Billberg 1827 [objective synonym], Diopia Rafinesque 1815 [objective synonym], Halobioidea Ameghino 1889 [objective synonym], Herbivorae Gray 1821 [synonym], Manatides Billberg 1827 [objective synonym], Manatina Bonaparte 1837 [objective synonym], Sireniformia Burmeister 1837 [objective synonym], Trichechiformes Hay 1923 [objective synonym]
Invalid names: Behemota McKenna and Bell 1997 [empty]
Invalid names: Afroplacentalia [synonym], Ocepeiidae Gheerbrant et al. 2014 [empty], Pseudoungulata Waddell et al. 1999 [empty]
Unr. †Americatheria Shockey 2017
+
Unr. Xenarthra Cope 1889 [edentate]
+
G. †Adiastaltus Ameghino 1893
G. †Anathitus Ameghino 1894
G. †Argyromanis Ameghino 1904
Or. Cingulata Illiger 1811
Fm. †Ernanodontidae Ding 1979
Subor. Hicanodonta Ameghino 1889
+
Invalid names: Loricata [synonym]
G. †Orthoarthrus Ameghino 1904
Unr. Phyllophaga Owen 1842
+
Invalid names: Gravigrada [synonym]
Infraor. Pilosa Flower 1883
+
Invalid names: Anicanodonta Ameghino 1889 [synonym]
Invalid names: Edentata Cuvier 1798 [synonym], Myrmecophagi Jaekel 1911 [empty], Placophori Jaekel 1911 [empty]
+
Unr. Euarchontoglires Murphy and Eizirik 2001
+
Or. †Anagalida Szalay and McKenna 1971
Unr. †Gliriformes Wyss and Meng 1996
Superfm. †Mixodectoidea Simpson 1945
Invalid names: Apatemyoidea [empty], Archonta Gregory 1910 [empty], Archontoglires [synonym], Supraprimates Waddell et al. 2001 [synonym]
Unr. Laurasiatheria Waddell et al. 1999
+
+
Invalid names: Lipotyphla Haeckel 1866 [synonym]
Unr. Scrotifera Waddell et al. 1999
+
Invalid names: Variamana [synonym]
Invalid names: Laurasiaplacentalia [synonym]
Invalid names: Boreoplacentalia [synonym], Boreotheria [synonym]
Unr. Educabilia Bonaparte 1850
+
Invalid names: Pinnata Bonaparte 1850 [empty]
Unr. Epitheria McKenna 1975
+
Or. †Condylarthra Cope 1881
+
G. †Desmatoclaenus Gazin 1941
Fm. †Hyopsodontidae Trouessart 1879 [condylarth]
+
Invalid names: Limnotheriidae Marsh 1875 [synonym], Mioclaenidae Osborn and Earle 1895 [synonym]
Fm. †Paroxyclaenidae Weitzel
+
Invalid names: Kochictidae Kretzoi 1943 [synonym]
Fm. †Pleuraspidotheriidae Zittel 1892
Invalid names: Didolodontoidea Cifelli 1983 [empty], Meniscotheridae Cope 1882 [empty]
Unr. Ernotheria McKenna 1975
+
Invalid names: Kennalestida McKenna 1975 [empty]
Unr. Preptotheria McKenna 1975
+
Superor. †Deltatheridia Van Valen 1965
Invalid names: Tokotheria McKenna 1975 [empty]
Unr. Ineducabilia Bonaparte 1850
+
Invalid names: Bestiae Linnaeus 1758 [empty]
G. †Pahelia Zack et al. 2019
+
Pahelia mysteriosa Zack et al. 2019
Fm. †Petrolemuridae Szalay et al. 1986
+
G. †Petrolemur Tong 1979
+
G. †Tingamarra Godthelp et al. 1992
+
Tingamarra porterorum Godthelp et al. 1992
Invalid names: Atlantogenata Waddell et al. 1999 [invalid subgroup], Exafroplacentalia Waddell et al. 2001 [empty], Monodelphia Gill 1872 [synonym], Ungulatomorpha Archibald 1996 [invalid subgroup]
Or. †Proteutheria Romer 1966
+
Superfm. †Endotherioidea Van Valen 1967
+
Invalid names: Endotheriidae Shikama 1947 [empty]
G. †Nosella López-Martínez and Peláez-Campomanes 1999
+
Nosella europaea López-Martínez and Peláez-Campomanes 1999
Fm. †Palaeoryctidae Winge 1917
+
G. †Aaptoryctes Gingerich 1982
+
Aaptoryctes ivyi Gingerich 1982
G. †Aceroryctes Rankin and Holroyd 2014
+
Aceroryctes dulcis Rankin and Holroyd 2014
Subfm. †Deltatheridiinae Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
G. †Hyotheridium Gregory and Simpson 1926
Subfm. †Didelphodontinae Simpson 1927
+
G. †Belgoryctes De Bast and Smith 2017
G. †Tsaganius Russell and Dashzeveg 1986
G. †Eoryctes Thewissen and Gingerich 1989
+
Eoryctes melanus Thewissen and Gingerich 1989
G. †Jarveia Nessov 1987
+
Jarveia erronea Kondrashov et al. 2004
Jarveia minuscula Nessov 1987
G. †Lainoryctes Fox 2004
+
G. †Nuryctes Tong 2003
+
Nuryctes alayensis Lopatin and Averianov 2004
Nuryctes gobiensis Lopatin and Averianov 2004
Nuryctes qinlingensis Tong 1997
Invalid names: Neoryctes Tong 1997 [replaced]
G. †Ottoryctes Bloch et al. 2004
+
Ottoryctes winkleri Bloch et al. 2004
G. †Palaeoryctes Matthew 1913
+
Palaeoryctes cruoris Gunnell 1994
Palaeoryctes jepseni Bloch et al. 2004
Palaeoryctes minimus Gheerbrant 1992
Palaeoryctes puercensis Matthew 1913
Palaeoryctes punctatus Van Valen 1966
G. †Pararyctes Van Valen 1966
+
Pararyctes pattersoni Van Valen 1966
Pararyctes rutherfordi Scott et al. 2002
G. †Pinoryctes Lopatin 2006
+
Pinoryctes collector Lopatin 2006
G. †Voltaia Nessov 1987
+
Voltaia minuta Nessov 1987
Invalid names: Palaeoryctinae Winge 1917 [empty]
Superfm. †Palaeoryctoidea Winge 1917
+
Invalid names: Deltatheridioidea Simpson 1931 [synonym]
Invalid names: Leptictoidea Trouessart 1879 [empty], Mixotheridia Nessov 1985 [empty]
G. †Sahnitherium Rana and Wilson 2003
+
Sahnitherium rangapurensis Rana and Wilson 2003
G. †Sazlestes Nessov 1997
+
Sazlestes tis Nessov 1997
G. †Sinodelphys Luo et al. 2003
+
Sinodelphys szalayi Luo et al. 2003
Unr. †Taeniodonta Cope 1876 [taeniodont]
+
Unr. †Conoryctidae Wortman 1896
+
G. †Conoryctella Gazin 1939
+
Conoryctella pattersoni Schoch and Lucas 1981
G. †Conoryctes Cope 1881
+
Conoryctes comma Cope 1881
+
Invalid names: Hexodon molestus Cope 1884 [synonym]
Invalid names: Hexodon Cope 1884 [synonym]
Subfm. †Eurodontinae Estravís and Russell 1992
+
G. †Eurodon Estravís and Russell 1992
G. †Huerfanodon Schoch and Lucas 1981
+
Huerfanodon polecatensis Schoch and Lucas 1981
Huerfanodon torrejonius Schoch and Lucas 1981
Invalid names: Huerfanodon heilprinianus Cope 1882 [nomen dubium]
G. †Onychodectes Cope 1888
+
Onychodectes rarus Osborn and Earle 1895
G. †Phanotherus Ameghino 1889
+
Phanotherus marginatus Ameghino 1889
Unr. †Stylinodontidae Marsh 1875
+
G. †Calamodon Cope 1874
+
Calamodon arcamaenus Cope 1874
Calamodon simplex Cope 1874
G. †Chungchienia Chow 1963
+
Chungchienia lushia Chow et al. 1996
G. †Dryptodon Marsh 1876
+
Dryptodon crassus Marsh 1876
G. †Ectoganus Cope 1874
+
Ectoganus bighornensis Schoch 1981
Ectoganus copei Schoch 1981
Ectoganus gliriformis Cope 1874
Ectoganus lobdelli Simpson 1929
+
Invalid names: Lampadophorus expectatus Patterson 1949 [synonym]
Invalid names: Conicodon Cope 1894 [synonym], Lampadophorus Patterson 1949 [synonym]
G. †Psittacotherium Cope 1882
+
+
Invalid names: Hemiganus vultuosus Cope 1882 [synonym], Psittacotherium aspasiae Cope 1882 [synonym], Psittacotherium megalodus Cope 1887 [synonym]
G. †Schowalteria Fox and Naylor 2003
+
Schowalteria clemensi Fox and Naylor 2003
G. †Stylinodon Marsh 1874
+
Stylinodon mirus Marsh 1874
+
Invalid names: Calamodon cylindrifer Cope 1881 [synonym], Stylinodon inexplicatus Schoch and Lucas 1981 [synonym]
G. †Wortmania Hay 1899
+
Wortmania otariidens Cope 1885
+
Invalid names: Robertschochia sullivani Lucas and Williamson 1993 [synonym]
Invalid names: Hemiganus Cope 1882 [replaced], Robertschochia Lucas 2011 [synonym], Schochia Lucas and Williamson 1993 [synonym]
Invalid names: Calamodontidae [synonym], Ectoganidae [synonym]
Invalid names: Stylinodontinae Schlosser 1911 [empty]
Unr. †Tamirtheria Velazco et al. 2022
+
G. †Prokennalestes Kielan-Jaworowska and Dashzeveg 1989
+
Prokennalestes minor Kielan-Jaworowska and Dashzeveg 1989
Prokennalestes trofimovi Kielan-Jaworowska and Dashzeveg 1989
Invalid names: Prokennalestes Trofimov 1974 [nomen nudum]
Superfm. †Zalambdalestoidea Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Fm. †Bobolestidae Nessov 1989
+
G. †Bobolestes Nessov 1985
+
Bobolestes zenge Nessov 1985
+
Invalid names: Otlestes meiman Nessov 1985 [synonym]
Invalid names: Otlestes Nessov 1985 [synonym]
Fm. †Zalambdalestidae Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
G. †Alymlestes Averianov and Nessov 1995
+
Alymlestes kielanae Averianov and Nessov 1995
G. †Anchilestes Qiu and Li 1977
+
Anchilestes impolitus Qiu and Li 1977
G. †Barunlestes Kielan-Jaworowska 1975
+
Barunlestes butleri Kielan-Jaworowska 1975
G. †Kulbeckia Nessov 1993
+
Kulbeckia kulbecke Nessov 1993
+
Invalid names: Kulbeckia kansaica Nessov 1993 [synonym], Kulbeckia rara Nessov 1993 [synonym]
G. †Zalambdalestes Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Zalambdalestes grangeri Simpson 1928
Zalambdalestes lechei Gregory and Simpson 1926
G. †Zhangolestes Zan et al. 2006
+
Zhangolestes jilinensis Zan et al. 2006
G. †Zofialestes Fostowicz-Frelik 2016
+
Zofialestes longidens Fostowicz-Frelik 2016
Invalid names: Kulbeckiidae Nessov 1993 [synonym]
Invalid names: Otlestidae Nessov 1985 [invalid subgroup]
Fm. †Zhelestidae Nessov 1990
+
G. †Alostera Fox 1989
+
+
Invalid names: Paranyctoides megakeros Lillegraven and McKenna 1986 [synonym]
G. †Aspanlestes Nessov 1985
+
Aspanlestes aptap Nessov 1985
+
Invalid names: Zhelestes bezelgen Nessov 1987 [synonym]
Invalid names: Ortalestes Nessov 1997 [synonym]
G. †Avitotherium Cifelli 1990
+
Avitotherium utahensis Cifelli 1990
G. †Azilestes Gheerbrant and Teodori 2021
+
Azilestes ragei Gheerbrant and Teodori 2021
G. †Borisodon Archibald and Averianov 2012
+
Borisodon kara Nessov 1993
G. †Eozhelestes Nessov 1997
+
Eozhelestes mangit Nessov 1997
G. †Gallolestes Lillegraven 1976
+
Gallolestes agujaensis Cifelli 1994
Gallolestes pachymandibularis Lillegraven 1976
Subfm. †Lainodontinae Gheerbrant and Astibia 2012
+
G. †Labes Pol et al. 1992
+
Labes garimondi Pol et al. 1992
Labes quintanillensis Pol et al. 1992
G. †Lainodon Gheerbrant and Astibia 1994
+
Lainodon orueetxebarriai Gheerbrant and Astibia 1994
Lainodon ragei Gheerbrant and Astibia 2012
G. †Mistralestes Tabuce et al. 2013
+
Mistralestes arcensis Tabuce et al. 2013
G. †Oxlestes Nessov 1982
+
Oxlestes grandis Nessov 1982
G. †Parazhelestes Nessov 1993
+
+
Invalid names: Parazhelestes minor Nessov et al. 1998 [synonym]
Parazhelestes robustus Nessov 1993
+
Invalid names: Kumsuperus avus Nessov 1984 [synonym]
G. †Sheikhdzheilia Averianov and Archibald 2005
+
Sheikhdzheilia rezvyii Averianov and Archibald 2005
G. †Sorlestes Nessov 1985
+
Sorlestes mifunensis Setoguchi et al. 1999
G. †Valentinella Tabuce et al. 2004
+
Valentinella vitrollense Tabuce et al. 2004
G. †Zhalmouzia Averianov et al. 2012
+
Zhalmouzia bazhanovi Averianov et al. 2012
G. †Zhelestes Nessov 1985
+
+
Invalid names: Sorlestes budan Nessov 1985 [synonym]
Invalid names: Beleutinus Bazhanov 1972 [nomen dubium], Beleutinus orlovi Bazhanov 1972 [nomen dubium], Kumsuperus Nessov 1984 [nomen dubium]
Invalid names: Asioryctidae Szalay 1977 [invalid subgroup], Heptaconodon Zdansky 1930 [nomen dubium], Heptaconodon dubium Zdansky 1930 [nomen dubium], Kennalestoidea Kielan-Jaworowska 1981 [empty], Mutica Linnaeus 1766 [empty], Nanocuridae Fox et al. 2007 [empty], Notopterna Soria 1984 [empty], Paraxonia Marsh 1884 [empty], Prozalambdalestes Trofimov 1974 [nomen nudum], Quadripedes Gray 1821 [invalid subgroup], Therictoidea Gregory 1910 [empty], Trogontia Haeckel [empty]
Subcl. Metatheria Huxley 1880 [metatherian]
+
Fm. †Anatoliadelphyidae Métais et al. 2018
+
G. †Anatoliadelphys Maga and Beck 2017
+
Anatoliadelphys maasae Maga and Beck 2017
G. †Orhaniyeia Métais et al. 2018
+
Orhaniyeia nauta Métais et al. 2018
G. †Archaeonothos Beck 2013
+
Unr. †Asiadelphia Trofimov and Szalay 1994
+
Invalid names: Asiatheriidae Trofimov and Szalay 1994 [empty]
Or. †Deltatheroida Kielan-Jaworowska 1982
+
Fm. †Deltatheridiidae Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
G. †Atokatheridium Kielan-Jaworowska and Cifelli 2001
+
Atokatheridium boreni Kielan-Jaworowska and Cifelli 2001
G. †Deltatheridium Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Deltatheridium nessovi Averianov 1997
Deltatheridium pretrituberculare Gregory and Simpson 1926
G. †Gurbanodelta Ni et al. 2016
+
Gurbanodelta kara Ni et al. 2016
G. †Hydotherium Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Hydotherium dobsoni Gregory and Simpson 1926
G. †Lotheridium Bi et al. 2015
+
Lotheridium mengi Bi et al. 2015
G. †Nanocuris Fox et al. 2007
+
Nanocuris improvida Fox et al. 2007
G. †Oklatheridium Davis et al. 2008
+
Oklatheridium minax Davis and Cifelli 2011
Oklatheridium szalayi Davis et al. 2008
Oklatheridium wiblei Cifelli and Davis 2015
G. †Sulestes Nessov 1985
+
Sulestes karakshi Nessov 1985
+
Invalid names: Deltatherus kizylkumensis Nessov 1993 [synonym], Marsasia aenigma Nessov 1997 [synonym]
Invalid names: Deltatherus Nessov 1997 [synonym], Marsasia Nessov 1997 [synonym]
G. †Tsagandelta Rougier et al. 2015
+
Tsagandelta dashzevegi Rougier et al. 2015
Invalid names: Deltatheroididae Kielan-Jaworowska and Nessov 1990 [synonym], Sulestinae Nessov 1985 [empty]
G. †Deltatheroides Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Deltatheroides cretacicus Gregory and Simpson 1926
G. †Khuduklestes Nessov and Sigogneau-Russell 1994
+
Khuduklestes bohlini Nessov and Sigogneau-Russell 1994
G. †Fieratherium Forasiepi et al. 2014
+
Fieratherium sorex Forasiepi et al. 2014
Fm. †Jaskhadelphyidae de Muizon 1992
+
G. †Jaskhadelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Jaskhadelphys minutus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Kiruwamaq Goin and Candela 2004
+
Kiruwamaq chisu Goin and Candela 2004
G. †Minusculodelphis Paula Couto 1962
+
Minusculodelphis minimus Paula Couto 1962
Minusculodelphis modicum Oliveira et al. 2016
Unr. Marsupialiformes Vullo and Gheerbrant 2009
+
G. †Adelodelphys Cifelli 2004
+
Adelodelphys muizoni Cifelli 2004
Fm. †Alphadontidae Marshall et al. 1990
+
G. †Albertatherium Fox 1971
+
Albertatherium secundus Johanson 1995
G. †Alphadon Simpson 1927
+
Alphadon attaragos Lillegraven and McKenna 1986
Alphadon eatoni Cifelli and de Muizon 1998
Alphadon halleyi Sahni 1972
Alphadon marshi Simpson 1927
Alphadon perexiguus Cifelli 1994
Alphadon sahnii Lillegraven and McKenna 1986
Alphadon wilsoni Lillegraven 1969
G. †Eoalphadon Eaton 2009
+
Eoalphadon clemensi Eaton 1993
Eoalphadon woodburnei Eaton 2009
G. †Turgidodon Cifelli 1990
+
Turgidodon lillegraveni Cifelli 1990
Turgidodon madseni Cifelli 1990
Turgidodon parapraesagus Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987
Turgidodon petiminis Storer 1991
Turgidodon praesagus Russell 1952
Turgidodon rhaister Clemens 1966
Turgidodon russelli Fox 1979
G. †Varalphadon Johanson 1996
+
Varalphadon creber Fox 1971
Varalphadon crebreforme Cifelli 1990
Varalphadon janetae Carneiro 2018
Varalphadon wahweapensis Cifelli 1990
G. †Anchistodelphys Cifelli 1990
+
Anchistodelphys delicatus Cifelli 1990
G. †Arcantiodelphys Vullo and Gheerbrant 2009
+
Arcantiodelphys marchandi Vullo and Gheerbrant 2009
Subor. †Archimetatheria Szalay 1993
+
Superfm. †Pediomyiodea Simpson 1927
+
G. †Austropediomys Carneiro et al. 2018
G. †Asiatherium Trofimov and Szalay 1994
+
Asiatherium reshetovi Trofimov and Szalay 1994
G. †Bistius Clemens and Lillegraven 1986
+
Bistius bondi Clemens and Lillegraven 1986
G. †Dakotadens Eaton 1993
+
Dakotadens morrowi Eaton 1993
Dakotadens pertritus Cifelli et al. 2016
G. †Iugomortiferum Cifelli 1990
+
G. †Kokopellia Cifelli 1993
+
Kokopellia juddi Cifelli 1993
Unr. Marsupialia Illiger 1811 [marsupial]
+
G. †Adinodon Hershkovitz 1995
+
Adinodon pattersoni Hershkovitz 1995
Unr. †Ameridelphia Szalay 1982
+
Fm. †Derorhynchidae Paula Couto 1962
Or. Didelphimorphia Gill 1872
+
Invalid names: Peradectia Marshall et al. 1990 [synonym]
G. †Marambiotherium Goin et al. 1999
Fm. †Protodidelphidae Marshall 1987
Fm. †Sternbergiidae Szalay 1994
Unr. Australidelphia Szalay 1982
+
G. †Bulungu Gurovich et al. 2014
Or. Diprotodontia Owen 1866 [diprotodont marsupial]
G. †Djarthia Godthelp et al. 1999
Superor. †Eometatheria Simpson 1970
Or. Microbiotheria Ameghino 1899
Or. Notoryctemorphia Kirsch 1977
Or. Peramelemorphia Ameghino 1889
Or. Peramelina Ride 1964
Or. †Yalkaparidontia Archer et al. 1988
Invalid names: Peramelia Ameghino 1889 [empty]
G. †Duquettichnus Sarjeant and Thulborn 1986
+
Invalid names: Duquettichnus kooli Sarjeant and Thulborn 1986 [nomen dubium]
G. †Gashternia Simpson 1935
+
Gashternia carioca Goin and Oliveira 2007
Gashternia ctalehor Simpson 1935
Or. †Groeberida Pascual et al. 1994
+
Invalid names: Groeberiidae Patterson 1952 [empty]
Unr. †Herpetotheriidae Trouessart 1879
+
G. †Amphiperatherium Filhol 1879
+
Invalid names: Oxygomphius Meyer 1846 [synonym]
G. †Asiadidelphis Gabunia et al. 1990
G. †Copedelphys Korth 1994
G. †Galatiadelphys Métais et al. 2018
G. †Golerdelphys Williamson and Lofgren 2014
G. †Herpetotherium Cope 1873
G. †Nortedelphys Case et al. 2004
G. †Peratherium Aymard 1850
+
Invalid names: Centracodon Marsh 1872 [synonym], Entomacodon Marsh 1872 [synonym]
G. †Rumiodon Goin and Candela 2004
G. †Swaindelphys Johanson 1996
G. †Thylacodon Matthew and Granger 1921
G. †Kasserinotherium Crochet 1986
+
Fm. †Numbigilgidae Beck et al. 2008
+
G. †Numbigilga Beck et al. 2008
G. †Palangania Goin et al. 1998
+
Palangania brandmayri Goin et al. 1998
Or. Paucituberculata Ameghino 1894
+
G. †Bardalestes Goin et al. 2009
G. †Evolestes Goin et al. 2007
Superfm. †Palaeothentoidea Goin et al. 2009
G. †Riolestes Goin et al. 2009
Invalid names: Caroloameghinioidea Ameghino 1901 [empty]
Unr. †Peradectidae Crochet 1979
+
G. †Armintodelphys Krishtalka and Stucky 1983
Subfm. †Caroloameghiniinae Ameghino 1901
G. †Maastrichtidelphys Martin et al. 2005
G. †Mimoperadectes Bown and Rose 1979
G. †Peradectes Matthew and Granger 1921
Subfm. †Peradectinae Crochet 1979
Subor. Polyprotodontia Owen 1866
+
Superfm. Didelphoidae Gray 1821
Invalid names: Trituberculata [empty]
Invalid names: Cimolestes lucasi Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987 [nomen dubium], Didelpha Bonaparte 1838 [synonym], Didelphia Cope 1889 [empty], Ferae Gray 1821 [synonym], Ideodelphys Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Ideodelphys microscopicus Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Marsupiata Richardson 1837 [synonym], Marsupicarnivora Ride 1964 [empty], Metadelphia Archer 1984 [synonym], Nototheriidae [empty], Odontomysopidae Ameghino 1902 [invalid subgroup], Odontomysops Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Odontomysops spiniferus Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Pharsophorus tenuis Ameghino 1897 [nomen vanum], Pollicata Illiger 1811 [synonym], Promysops primarius Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Salientia Illiger 1811 [synonym]
Superfm. †Pediomyoidea Simpson 1927
+
G. †Apistodon Davis 2007
+
Apistodon exiguus Fox 1971
Fm. †Aquiladelphidae Davis 2007
+
G. †Aquiladelphis Fox 1971
G. †Scalaridelphys Cohen et al. 2021
+
Invalid names: Scalaria Cohen et al. 2020 [replaced]
Fm. †Pediomyidae Simpson 1927
+
G. †Iqualadelphis Fox 1987
G. †Leptalestes Davis 2007
G. †Pediomys Marsh 1889
+
Invalid names: Synconodon Osborn 1898 [synonym]
G. †Protolambda Osborn 1898
+
Invalid names: Aletridelphys Davis 2007 [objective synonym]
G. †Unnuakomys Eberle et al. 2019
Invalid names: Petaurinae Gill 1872 [empty]
Subor. †Polydolopimorphia Archer 1984
+
G. †Apeirodon Babot et al. 2020
+
Apeirodon sorianoi Babot et al. 2020
Fm. †Argyrolagidae Ameghino 1904
+
G. †Anargyrolagus Carlini et al. 2007
G. †Argyrolagus Ameghino 1904
G. †Hondalagus Villarroel and Marshall 1988
G. †Klohnia Flynn and Wyss 1999
G. †Microtragulus Ameghino 1904
G. †Proargyrolagus Wolff 1984
G. †Bobbschaefferia Paula Couto 1970
+
Bobbschaefferia fluminensis Paula Couto 1970
+
Invalid names: Schaefferia fluminensis Paula Couto 1952 [replaced]
Invalid names: Depaulacoutoia Kretzoi and Kretzoi 2000 [synonym], Schaefferia Paula Couto 1952 [replaced]
Fm. †Bonapartheriidae Pascual 1980
+
G. †Bonapartherium Pascual 1980
Subfm. †Epidolopinae Pascual and Bond 1981
Subor. †Bonapartheriiformes Goin and Candela 2004
+
Superfm. †Argyrolagoidea Ameghino 1904
Superfm. †Bonapartherioidea Goin and Candela 2004
Subfm. †Chulpasiinae Sigé et al. 2009
+
G. †Chulpasia Crochet and Sigé 1993
G. †Thylacotinga Archer et al. 1993
G. †Cocatherium Goin et al. 2006
+
Cocatherium lefipanum Goin et al. 2006
Fm. †Glasbiidae Clemens 1966
+
G. †Esteslestes Novacek et al. 1991
G. †Glasbius Clemens 1966
G. †Periakros Goin et al. 2010
G. †Reigia Pascual 1983
Subor. †Hatcheriformes Case et al. 2004
+
G. †Ectocentrocristus Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987
G. †Hatcheritherium Case et al. 2004
G. †Zeusdelphys Marshall 1987
Fm. †Polydolopidae Ameghino 1897
+
G. †Hypodolops Chornogubsky 2020
G. †Kramadolops Goin et al. 2010
Subfm. †Polydolopinae Ameghino 1897
G. †Polydolops Ameghino 1897
+
Invalid names: Anissodolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Archaeodolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Orthodolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Pliodolops Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
Invalid names: Promysopidae Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
Subor. †Polydolopiformes Goin and Candela 1996
+
Fm. †Sillustaniidae Crochet and Sigé 1996
Fm. †Prepidolopidae Pascual 1980
+
G. †Coloradolops Chornogubsky et al. 2019
G. †Incadolops Goin and Candela 2004
G. †Perrodelphys Goin et al. 1999
G. †Punadolops Goin et al. 1998
G. †Prepidolops Pacual 1980
+
Prepidolops molinai Pascual 1980
G. †Pujatodon Goin et al. 2020
+
Pujatodon ektopos Goin et al. 2020
G. †Roberthoffstetteria Marshall et al. 1983
+
G. †Wamradolops Goin and Candela 2004
+
Wamradolops tsullodon Goin and Candela 2004
Invalid names: Gashterniidae Marshall 1987 [empty], Polydolopoidea Ameghino 1897 [empty]
G. †Protalphadon Cifelli 1990
+
Protalphadon foxi Johanson 1996
Protalphadon lulli Clemens 1966
G. †Sinbadelphys Cifelli 2004
+
Sinbadelphys schmidti Cifelli 2004
Or. †Sparassodonta Ameghino 1894
+
G. †Australogale Engelman et al. 2020
+
Australogale leptognathus Engelman et al. 2020
Superfm. †Borhyaenoidea Ameghino 1894
+
Unr. †Borhyaenidae Savage 1951
G. †Chlorocyon Engelman et al. 2018
G. †Lycopsis Goin 1997
Unr. †Proborhyaenidae Ameghino 1897
+
Invalid names: Arminiheringiidae Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
Subfm. †Hathlyacininae Ameghino 1894
+
G. †Acyon Ameghino 1887
G. †Andinogale Hoffstetter and Petter 1983
G. †Borhyaenidium Pascual and Bocchino 1963
G. †Chasicostylus Reig 1957
G. †Cladosictis Ameghino 1887
+
Invalid names: Agustylus Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Anatherium Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Hathliacynus Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Ictioborus Ameghino 1891 [synonym]
G. †Contrerascynus Mones 2014
+
Invalid names: Simpsonia Contreras 1990 [replaced]
G. †Notictis Ameghino 1889
G. †Notocynus Mercerat 1891
G. †Notogale Loomis 1914
G. †Patene Simpson 1935
+
Invalid names: Ischyrodidelphis Paula Couto 1952 [synonym]
G. †Perathereutes Ameghino 1891
G. †Procladosictis Ameghino 1902
G. †Pseudonotictis Marshall 1981
G. †Sallacyon Villarroel and Marshall 1982
G. †Sipalocyon Ameghino 1887
+
Invalid names: Amphiproviverra Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Amphithereutes Ameghino 1935 [synonym], Protoproviverra Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Thylacodictis Mercerat 1891 [synonym]
Invalid names: Acyonidae Ameghino 1889 [invalid subgroup], Amphoproviverridae Ameghino 1894 [invalid subgroup], Cladictidae Winge 1923 [invalid subgroup], Cladosictidae Ameghino 1935 [invalid subgroup], Cladosictinae Cabrera 1927 [invalid subgroup], Pseudocladosictis Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Pseudocladosictis determinabile Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum]
Fm. †Hondadelphidae Marshall et al. 1989
+
G. †Hondadelphys Marshall 1976
G. †Stylocynus Mercerat 1917
+
Stylocynus paranensis Mercerat 1917
Fm. †Thylacosmilidae Riggs 1933
+
G. †Anachlysictis Goin 1997
G. †Patagosmilus Forasiepi and Carlini 2010
G. †Thylacosmilus Riggs 1933
+
Invalid names: Achlysictis Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Hyaenodontops Ameghino 1908 [synonym], Notosmilus Kraglievich 1960 [synonym]
Fm. †Stagodontidae Marsh 1889
+
G. †Didelphodon Marsh 1889
+
Didelphodon coyi Fox and Naylor 1986
Didelphodon padanicus Cope 1892
Didelphodon vorax Marsh 1889
+
Invalid names: Cimolestes curtus Marsh 1889 [synonym], Didelphodon ferox Marsh 1889 [synonym], Ectoconodon petersoni Osborn 1898 [synonym], Stagodon nitor Marsh 1889 [synonym], Stagodon validus Marsh 1892 [synonym]
Invalid names: Diaphorodon Simpson 1927 [synonym], Didelphops Marsh 1889 [synonym], Ectoconodon Osborn 1898 [synonym], Stagodon Marsh 1889 [synonym]
G. †Eobrasilia Simpson 1947
+
Eobrasilia coutoi Simpson 1947
G. †Eodelphis Matthew 1916
+
Eodelphis browni Matthew 1916
Eodelphis cutleri Woodward 1916
G. †Fumodelphodon Cohen 2018
+
Fumodelphodon pulveris Cohen 2018
G. †Hoodootherium Cohen 2018
+
Hoodootherium praeceps Cohen 2018
G. †Pariadens Cifelli and Eaton 1987
+
Pariadens kirklandi Cifelli and Eaton 1987
Pariadens mckennai Cifelli 2004
Fm. †Mayulestidae de Muizon 1994
+
G. †Allqokirus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Allqokirus australis Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Mayulestes de Muizon 1994
+
Mayulestes ferox de Muizon 1994
Fm. †Pappotheriidae Slaughter 1965
+
G. †Pappotherium Slaughter 1965
+
Pappotherium pattersoni Slaughter 1965
+
Invalid names: Slaughteria eruptens Butler 1978 [synonym]
Invalid names: Slaughteria Butler 1978 [synonym]
Superor. †Pucadelphyda Muizon et al. 2018
+
Superfm. †Pucadelphyoidea Muizon and Ladevèze 2022
+
G. †Aenigmadelphys Cifelli and Johanson 1994
+
Aenigmadelphys archeri Cifelli and Johanson 1994
G. †Incadelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Incadelphys antiquus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Marmosopsis Paula Couto 1962
+
Marmosopsis juradoi Paula Couto 1962
Fm. †Pucadelphyidae de Muizon 1998
+
G. †Andinodelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Itaboraidelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1984
G. †Mizquedelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Pucadelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Szalinia de Muizon and Cifelli 2001
+
Szalinia gracilis de Muizon and Cifelli 2001
Or. †Pantotheria Marsh 1880
+
Fm. †Dicrocynodontidae Marsh
+
G. †Dicrocynodon Marsh
+
Invalid names: Diplocynodon Marsh 1880 [replaced]
G. †Ennacodon Marsh
+
Ennacodon crassus Marsh 1887
Invalid names: Enneodon Prangner 1845 [replaced]
Invalid names: Diplocynodontidae Marsh 1887 [replaced]
Or. †Eupantotheria Kermack and Musset 1958
+
G. †Brancatherulum Dietrich 1927
+
Brancatherulum tendagurense Dietrich 1927
G. †Butlerigale Kühne 1968
G. †Guimarota Hahn 1969
+
Guimarota freyi Kuhne 1968
Invalid names: Henkelotheriidae Krebs 1991 [empty]
Invalid names: Amblytheriidae Cope 1889 [empty]
G. †Patagomaia Chimento et al. 2024
+
Patagomaia chainko Chimento et al. 2024
Infracl. Tribotheria Butler 1978
+
Unr. †Aegialodontia Butler 1978
+
G. †Tribactonodon Sigogneau-Russell et al. 2001
+
Tribactonodon bonfieldi Sigogneau-Russell et al. 2001
Invalid names: Aegialodontidae Kermack 1967 [empty]
G. †Kumlestes Nessov 1985
Invalid names: Paratheria Thomas 1887 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gs
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialsubc
Diet: insectivoresubc
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Comments: both Eomaia and Sinodelphys are scansorial and insectivorous, as is the stem-group taxon Jeholodens, so these characteristics optimize as being primitive for Theria (Luo et al. 2003)subc
Created: 2005-09-07 09:41:56
Modified: 2011-04-24 08:22:23
Source: s = species, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Dozo 1989, Hopson 1973, Uhen and Gingerich 1995, Legendre 1988, Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Hendy et al. 2009, Carroll 1988, Johnson and Madden 1997, Lillegraven 1979

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Longobardian to the top of the Holocene or 242.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 235.0 Ma

Collections (22128 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Spain (Alicante) T. sp. (202238)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Pantotheria indet. G2 (194663)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Eupantotheria indet. (139746)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Eupantotheria indet. (31054)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Eupantotheria indet. (39075 57124)
Late/Upper Bathonian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian167.7 - 150.8China (Liaoning) Juramaia sp. (92421)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Juramaia sinensis (114842)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Turkey Labes atramentosa (173369)
Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian157.3 - 145.0Romania Labes atramentosa (201710 201711)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Enneodon crassus, Enneodon affinis (12816) Eupantotheria indet. (55333)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Bulgaria Labes atramentosa (215208)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Brancatherulum tendagurense (131075)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USA (Utah) Theria indet. (57913)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Theria indet. (39427)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Turkey Labes atramentosa (173370)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Italy Labes atramentosa (196863)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Early/Lower Berriasian150.8 - 140.2Morocco (Oriental) Tribotheria indet. (45726)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Tribactonodon bonfieldi (121520)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Pantotheria indet., Durlstodon ensomi, Durlstotherium newmani (72142)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Turkey Labes atramentosa (173371)