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Metatheria (metatherian)

Mammalia

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1880Metatheria Huxley p. 654
1883Metatheria Flower p. 184
1891Metatheria Flower and Lydekker p. 88
1897Metatheria Parker and Haswell p. 449
1898Metatheria Gadow p. 40
1910Metatheria Gregory p. 464
1965Metatheria Sloan and Van Valen p. 221
1974Metatheria Marshall p. 66
1986Metatheria Hooker p. 212
1986Metatheria Lillegraven and McKenna p. 27
1988Metatheria Carroll
1991Metatheria Wible
1993Metatheria Cifelli p. 9415
1994Metatheria Springer et al. p. 86
2003Metatheria Luo et al. p. 1938
2007Metatheria Wible et al.
2008Metatheria Beck et al. p. 750
2010Metatheria Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2011Metatheria Averianov and Lopatin p. 34
2011Metatheria Luo et al. p. 444
2014Metatheria Forasiepi et al.
2017Metatheria Engelman et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
subclassMetatheria()
subclassMetatheria()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subcl. Metatheria Huxley 1880 [metatherian]
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Fm. †Anatoliadelphyidae Métais et al. 2018
+
G. †Anatoliadelphys Maga and Beck 2017
+
Anatoliadelphys maasae Maga and Beck 2017
G. †Orhaniyeia Métais et al. 2018
+
Orhaniyeia nauta Métais et al. 2018
G. †Archaeonothos Beck 2013
+
Unr. †Asiadelphia Trofimov and Szalay 1994
+
Invalid names: Asiatheriidae Trofimov and Szalay 1994 [empty]
Or. †Deltatheroida Kielan-Jaworowska 1982
+
Fm. †Deltatheridiidae Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
G. †Atokatheridium Kielan-Jaworowska and Cifelli 2001
+
Atokatheridium boreni Kielan-Jaworowska and Cifelli 2001
G. †Deltatheridium Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Deltatheridium nessovi Averianov 1997
Deltatheridium pretrituberculare Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Deltatheridium pretrituberculare tardum Kielan-Jaworowska 1975
G. †Gurbanodelta Ni et al. 2016
+
Gurbanodelta kara Ni et al. 2016
G. †Hydotherium Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Hydotherium dobsoni Gregory and Simpson 1926
G. †Lotheridium Bi et al. 2015
+
Lotheridium mengi Bi et al. 2015
G. †Nanocuris Fox et al. 2007
+
Nanocuris improvida Fox et al. 2007
G. †Oklatheridium Davis et al. 2008
+
Oklatheridium minax Davis and Cifelli 2011
Oklatheridium szalayi Davis et al. 2008
Oklatheridium wiblei Cifelli and Davis 2015
G. †Sulestes Nessov 1985
+
Sulestes karakshi Nessov 1985
+
Invalid names: Deltatherus kizylkumensis Nessov 1993 [synonym], Marsasia aenigma Nessov 1997 [synonym]
Invalid names: Deltatherus Nessov 1997 [synonym], Marsasia Nessov 1997 [synonym]
G. †Tsagandelta Rougier et al. 2015
+
Tsagandelta dashzevegi Rougier et al. 2015
Invalid names: Deltatheroididae Kielan-Jaworowska and Nessov 1990 [synonym], Sulestinae Nessov 1985 [empty]
G. †Deltatheroides Gregory and Simpson 1926
+
Deltatheroides cretacicus Gregory and Simpson 1926
G. †Khuduklestes Nessov and Sigogneau-Russell 1994
+
Khuduklestes bohlini Nessov and Sigogneau-Russell 1994
G. †Fieratherium Forasiepi et al. 2014
+
Fieratherium sorex Forasiepi et al. 2014
Fm. †Jaskhadelphyidae de Muizon 1992
+
G. †Jaskhadelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Jaskhadelphys minutus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Kiruwamaq Goin and Candela 2004
+
Kiruwamaq chisu Goin and Candela 2004
G. †Minusculodelphis Paula Couto 1962
+
Minusculodelphis minimus Paula Couto 1962
Minusculodelphis modicum Oliveira et al. 2016
Unr. Marsupialiformes Vullo and Gheerbrant 2009
+
G. †Adelodelphys Cifelli 2004
+
Adelodelphys muizoni Cifelli 2004
Fm. †Alphadontidae Marshall et al. 1990
+
G. †Albertatherium Fox 1971
+
Albertatherium secundus Johanson 1995
G. †Alphadon Simpson 1927
+
Alphadon attaragos Lillegraven and McKenna 1986
Alphadon eatoni Cifelli and de Muizon 1998
Alphadon halleyi Sahni 1972
Alphadon marshi Simpson 1927
Alphadon perexiguus Cifelli 1994
Alphadon sahnii Lillegraven and McKenna 1986
Alphadon wilsoni Lillegraven 1969
G. †Eoalphadon Eaton 2009
+
Eoalphadon clemensi Eaton 1993
Eoalphadon woodburnei Eaton 2009
G. †Turgidodon Cifelli 1990
+
Turgidodon lillegraveni Cifelli 1990
Turgidodon madseni Cifelli 1990
Turgidodon parapraesagus Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987
Turgidodon petiminis Storer 1991
Turgidodon praesagus Russell 1952
Turgidodon rhaister Clemens 1966
Turgidodon russelli Fox 1979
G. †Varalphadon Johanson 1996
+
Varalphadon creber Fox 1971
Varalphadon crebreforme Cifelli 1990
Varalphadon janetae Carneiro 2018
Varalphadon wahweapensis Cifelli 1990
G. †Anchistodelphys Cifelli 1990
+
Anchistodelphys delicatus Cifelli 1990
G. †Arcantiodelphys Vullo and Gheerbrant 2009
+
Arcantiodelphys marchandi Vullo and Gheerbrant 2009
Subor. †Archimetatheria Szalay 1993
+
Superfm. †Pediomyiodea Simpson 1927
+
G. †Austropediomys Carneiro et al. 2018
+
Austropediomys marshalli Carneiro et al. 2018
G. †Asiatherium Trofimov and Szalay 1994
+
Asiatherium reshetovi Trofimov and Szalay 1994
G. †Bistius Clemens and Lillegraven 1986
+
Bistius bondi Clemens and Lillegraven 1986
G. †Dakotadens Eaton 1993
+
Dakotadens morrowi Eaton 1993
Dakotadens pertritus Cifelli et al. 2016
G. †Iugomortiferum Cifelli 1990
+
G. †Kokopellia Cifelli 1993
+
Kokopellia juddi Cifelli 1993
Unr. Marsupialia Illiger 1811 [marsupial]
+
G. †Adinodon Hershkovitz 1995
+
Adinodon pattersoni Hershkovitz 1995
Unr. †Ameridelphia Szalay 1982
+
Fm. †Derorhynchidae Paula Couto 1962
+
G. †Coona Simpson 1938
G. †Derorhynchus Couto 1952
G. †Diogenesia Oliveira et al. 2021
G. †Pauladelphys Goin et al. 1999
G. †Xenostylos Goin 2007
+
Invalid names: Xenostylus Goin et al. 1999 [replaced]
Or. Didelphimorphia Gill 1872
+
Unr. Didelphidae Gray 1821 [opossum]
Invalid names: Pedimanes Gray 1821 [invalid subgroup], Peradectia Marshall et al. 1990 [synonym], Peradectoidea Marshall et al. 1990 [empty], Sparassocynidae Reig 1958 [empty]
G. †Marambiotherium Goin et al. 1999
+
Marambiotherium glacialis Goin et al. 1999
Fm. †Protodidelphidae Marshall 1987
+
G. †Bergqvistherium Carneiro 2018
G. †Carolocoutoia Goin et al. 1998
G. †Guggenheimia Paula Couto 1952
G. †Periprotodidelphis Oliveira and Goin 2011
G. †Protodidelphis Paula Couto 1952
Fm. †Sternbergiidae Szalay 1994
+
G. †Carolopaulacoutoia McKenna and Bell 1997
+
Invalid names: Sternbergia Paula Couto 1970 [synonym]
G. †Didelphopsis Paula Couto 1952
Unr. Australidelphia Szalay 1982
+
G. †Bulungu Gurovich et al. 2014
+
Bulungu campbelli Travouillon et al. 2014
Bulungu muirheadae Travouillon et al. 2014
Bulungu palara Gurovich et al. 2014
Or. Diprotodontia Owen 1866 [diprotodont marsupial]
+
G. †Alkwertatherium Murray 1990
Fm. Macropodidae Gray 1821 [kangaroo]
+
Invalid names: Macropina Gray 1825 [synonym]
Subor. Phalangerida Aplin and Archer 1987
Subor. Phalangeriformes Szalay 1982 [possum]
Superfm. Phalangeroidea Thomas 1888
+
Invalid names: Hypsiprymnoidea [synonym]
Fm. Potoroidae Gray 1821
Fm. Pseudocheiridae Winge 1893 [ringtail possum]
G. †Silvabestius Black and Archer 1997
Subor. Vombatiformes Burnett 1830
Invalid names: Burramyoidea Broom 1898 [empty], Macropodiformes Ameghino 1889 [empty], Phalangista convolutor Schinz 1812 [nomen dubium], Phascolarctoidea Owen 1839 [empty]
G. †Djarthia Godthelp et al. 1999
+
Djarthia murgonensis Godthelp et al. 1999
Superor. †Eometatheria Simpson 1970
+
Or. Dasyuromorphia Gill 1872
G. †Monodelphopsis Paula Couto 1952
Or. Microbiotheria Ameghino 1899
+
Fm. Microbiotheriidae Ameghino 1887
Fm. †Woodburnodontidae Goin et al. 2007
Or. Notoryctemorphia Kirsch 1977
+
Or. Peramelemorphia Ameghino 1889
+
G. †Galadi Travouillion et al. 2010
Subor. †Perameloidea McKenna and Bell 1997
Superfm. †Yaraloidea Muirhead 2000
Or. Peramelina Ride 1964
+
Invalid names: Peroryctidae Thomas 1906 [empty]
Or. †Yalkaparidontia Archer et al. 1988
+
Fm. †Yalkaparidontidae Archer et al. 1988
Invalid names: Peramelia Ameghino 1889 [empty]
G. †Duquettichnus Sarjeant and Thulborn 1986
+
Invalid names: Duquettichnus kooli Sarjeant and Thulborn 1986 [nomen dubium]
G. †Gashternia Simpson 1935
+
Gashternia carioca Goin and Oliveira 2007
Gashternia ctalehor Simpson 1935
Or. †Groeberida Pascual et al. 1994
+
Invalid names: Groeberiidae Patterson 1952 [empty]
Unr. †Herpetotheriidae Trouessart 1879
+
G. †Amphiperatherium Filhol 1879
+
Amphiperatherium exile Gervais 1848
Amphiperatherium fontense Crochet 1979
Amphiperatherium frequens von Meyer 1846
Amphiperatherium goethei Crochet 1979
Amphiperatherium maximum Crochet 1979
Amphiperatherium minutum Aymard 1846
Invalid names: Oxygomphius Meyer 1846 [synonym]
G. †Asiadidelphis Gabunia et al. 1990
+
Asiadidelphis akbarbugtii Crochet et al. 2007
Asiadidelphis tjutkovae Emry et al. 1995
Asiadidelphis zaissanense Gabunia et al. 1990
G. †Copedelphys Korth 1994
+
Copedelphys titanelix Matthew 1903
G. †Galatiadelphys Métais et al. 2018
+
Galatiadelphys minor Métais et al. 2018
G. †Golerdelphys Williamson and Lofgren 2014
+
Golerdelphys stocki Williamson and Lofgren 2014
G. †Herpetotherium Cope 1873
+
Herpetotherium fugax Cope 1873
+
Invalid names: Didelphys pygmaea Scott 1894 [synonym], Herpetotherium scalare Cope 1873 [synonym], Herpetotherium tricuspis Cope 1873 [synonym]
Herpetotherium knighti McGrew et al. 1959
+
Invalid names: Centracodon delicatus Marsh 1872 [synonym], Entomacodon minutus Marsh 1872 [synonym], Peratherium morrisi Gazin 1962 [synonym]
Herpetotherium marsupium Troxell 1923
Herpetotherium merriami Stock and Furlong 1922
Herpetotherium valens Lambe 1908
+
Invalid names: Peratherium donahoei Hough 1961 [synonym]
Herpetotherium youngi McGrew 1937
+
Invalid names: Peratherium spindleri Macdonald 1963 [synonym]
G. †Nortedelphys Case et al. 2004
+
Nortedelphys jasoni Storer 1991
+
Invalid names: Nortedelphys intermedius Case et al. 2004 [synonym]
Nortedelphys magnus Case et al. 2004
Nortedelphys minimus Case et al. 2004
G. †Peratherium Aymard 1850
+
Peratherium africanus Simons and Bown 1984
Peratherium antiquum Blaineville 1840
Peratherium bretouense Crochet 1979
Peratherium comstocki Cope 1884
Peratherium constans Teilhard de Jardin 1927
Peratherium cuvieri Fisher 1829
Peratherium edwardi Gazin 1952
Peratherium elegans Aymard 1846
Peratherium giselense Heller 1936
Peratherium lavergnense Crochet 1979
Peratherium macgrewi Bown 1979
Peratherium matronense Crochet 1979
Invalid names: Centracodon Marsh 1872 [synonym], Entomacodon Marsh 1872 [synonym]
G. †Rumiodon Goin and Candela 2004
+
Rumiodon inti Goin and Candela 2004
G. †Swaindelphys Johanson 1996
+
Swaindelphys cifellii Johanson 1996
Swaindelphys encinensis Williamson and Taylor 2011
Swaindelphys johansoni Williamson and Taylor 2011
Swaindelphys johansoni Williamson and Taylor 2011
G. †Thylacodon Matthew and Granger 1921
+
Thylacodon montanensis Williamson et al. 2012
Thylacodon pusillus Matthew and Granger 1921
G. †Kasserinotherium Crochet 1986
+
Fm. †Numbigilgidae Beck et al. 2008
+
G. †Numbigilga Beck et al. 2008
+
Numbigilga ernielundeliusi Beck et al. 2008
G. †Palangania Goin et al. 1998
+
Palangania brandmayri Goin et al. 1998
Or. Paucituberculata Ameghino 1894
+
G. †Bardalestes Goin et al. 2009
+
Bardalestes hunco Goin et al. 2009
Invalid names: Dracolestes Goin et al. 2009 [nomen nudum]
+
Fm. Caenolestidae Trouessart 1898
+
Invalid names: Epanorthidae Ameghino 1889 [synonym]
G. Lestoros Trousseart 1898
G. †Evolestes Goin et al. 2007
+
Evolestes hadrommatos Goin et al. 2007
Superfm. †Palaeothentoidea Goin et al. 2009
+
Fm. †Abderitidae Ameghino 1889
Fm. †Palaeothentidae Sinclair 1906
Fm. †Pichipilidae Marshall 1980
G. †Riolestes Goin et al. 2009
+
Riolestes capricornicus Goin et al. 2009
Invalid names: Caroloameghinioidea Ameghino 1901 [empty]
Unr. †Peradectidae Crochet 1979
+
G. †Armintodelphys Krishtalka and Stucky 1983
+
Armintodelphys blacki Krishtalka and Stucky 1983
Armintodelphys dawsoni Krishtalka and Stucky 1983
Armintodelphys dufraingi Smith and Smith 2013
Subfm. †Caroloameghiniinae Ameghino 1901
+
G. †Canchadelphys Goin et al. 2010
G. †Caroloameghinia Ameghino 1901
G. †Procaroloameghinia Marshall 1982
Subfm. †Protodidelphinae Marshall 1987
G. †Maastrichtidelphys Martin et al. 2005
+
Maastrichtidelphys meurismeti Martin et al. 2005
G. †Mimoperadectes Bown and Rose 1979
+
Mimoperadectes houdei Horovitz et al. 2009
Mimoperadectes labrus Bown and Rose 1979
Mimoperadectes sowasheensis Beard and Dawson 2009
G. †Peradectes Matthew and Granger 1921
+
Peradectes austrinum Sige 1971
Peradectes chesteri Gazin 1952
Peradectes coprexeches Williamson and Taylor 2011
Peradectes elegans Matthew and Granger 1921
+
Invalid names: Peradectes pauli Gazin 1956 [synonym]
Peradectes gulottai Rose 2010
Peradectes louisi Crochet 1979
Peradectes minor Clemens 2006
Subfm. †Peradectinae Crochet 1979
+
G. †Didelphidectes Hough 1961
G. †Indodelphis Bajpai et al. 2005
G. †Junggaroperadectes Ni et al. 2007
G. †Nanodelphys McGrew 1937
G. †Siamoperadectes Ducrocq et al. 1992
Subor. Polyprotodontia Owen 1866
+
Superfm. Didelphoidae Gray 1821
+
Invalid names: Sparassocynus heterotopicus Villarroel and Marshall 1983 [nomen dubium]
Invalid names: Trituberculata [empty]
Invalid names: Cimolestes lucasi Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987 [nomen dubium], Didelpha Bonaparte 1838 [synonym], Didelphia Cope 1889 [empty], Ferae Gray 1821 [synonym], Ideodelphys Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Ideodelphys microscopicus Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Marsupiata Richardson 1837 [synonym], Marsupicarnivora Ride 1964 [empty], Metadelphia Archer 1984 [synonym], Nototheriidae [empty], Odontomysopidae Ameghino 1902 [invalid subgroup], Odontomysops Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Odontomysops spiniferus Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Pharsophorus tenuis Ameghino 1897 [nomen vanum], Pollicata Illiger 1811 [synonym], Promysops primarius Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Salientia Illiger 1811 [synonym]
Superfm. †Pediomyoidea Simpson 1927
+
G. †Apistodon Davis 2007
+
Apistodon exiguus Fox 1971
Fm. †Aquiladelphidae Davis 2007
+
G. †Aquiladelphis Fox 1971
+
Aquiladelphis analetris Cohen et al. 2020
Aquiladelphis incus Fox 1971
Aquiladelphis laurae Eaton 2006
Aquiladelphis minor Fox 1971
+
Invalid names: Aquiladelphis paraminor Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987 [synonym]
G. †Scalaridelphys Cohen et al. 2021
+
Scalaridelphys aquilana Cohen et al. 2020
Scalaridelphys martini Cohen et al. 2020
Invalid names: Scalaria Cohen et al. 2020 [replaced]
Fm. †Pediomyidae Simpson 1927
+
G. †Iqualadelphis Fox 1987
+
G. †Leptalestes Davis 2007
+
Leptalestes cooki Clemens 1966
Leptalestes krejcii Clemens 1966
+
Invalid names: Pediomys fassetti Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987 [synonym]
Leptalestes toevsi Hunter et al. 2010
G. †Pediomys Marsh 1889
+
Pediomys elegans Marsh 1889
Invalid names: Synconodon Osborn 1898 [synonym]
G. †Protolambda Osborn 1898
+
Protolambda clemensi Sahni 1972
Protolambda florencae Clemens 1966
Protolambda hatcheri Osborn 1898
+
Invalid names: Synconodon sexicuspis Osborn 1898 [synonym]
Protolambda mcgilli Kelly 2014
Invalid names: Aletridelphys Davis 2007 [objective synonym]
G. †Unnuakomys Eberle et al. 2019
+
Unnuakomys hutchisoni Eberle et al. 2019
Invalid names: Petaurinae Gill 1872 [empty]
Subor. †Polydolopimorphia Archer 1984
+
G. †Apeirodon Babot et al. 2020
+
Apeirodon sorianoi Babot et al. 2020
Fm. †Argyrolagidae Ameghino 1904
+
G. †Anargyrolagus Carlini et al. 2007
+
Anargyrolagus primus Carlini et al. 2007
G. †Argyrolagus Ameghino 1904
+
Argyrolagus palmeri Ameghino 1904
Argyrolagus parodii Ameghino 1904
Argyrolagus rusconii Goin et al. 2000
Argyrolagus scagliai Simpson 1970
G. †Hondalagus Villarroel and Marshall 1988
+
Hondalagus altiplanensis Villarroel and Marshall 1988
G. †Klohnia Flynn and Wyss 1999
+
Klohnia charrieri Flynn and Wyss 1999
Klohnia major Goin et al. 2010
G. †Microtragulus Ameghino 1904
+
Microtragulus argentinus Ameghino 1904
Microtragulus bolivianus Hoffstetter and Villarroel 1974
Microtragulus catamarcensis Kraglievich 1931
Microtragulus reigi Simpson 1970
G. †Proargyrolagus Wolff 1984
+
Proargyrolagus argentinus Goin and Abello 2013
G. †Bobbschaefferia Paula Couto 1970
+
Bobbschaefferia fluminensis Paula Couto 1970
+
Invalid names: Schaefferia fluminensis Paula Couto 1952 [replaced]
Invalid names: Depaulacoutoia Kretzoi and Kretzoi 2000 [synonym], Schaefferia Paula Couto 1952 [replaced]
Fm. †Bonapartheriidae Pascual 1980
+
G. †Bonapartherium Pascual 1980
+
Bonapartherium serrensis Goin et al. 1998
Subfm. †Epidolopinae Pascual and Bond 1981
+
G. †Epidolops Paula Couto 1952
Subor. †Bonapartheriiformes Goin and Candela 2004
+
Superfm. †Argyrolagoidea Ameghino 1904
+
G. †Epiklohnia Goin et al. 2010
G. †Praedens Goin et al. 2010
Invalid names: Patagoniidae Pascual and Carlini 1987 [empty]
Superfm. †Bonapartherioidea Goin and Candela 2004
+
Fm. †Rosendolopidae Goin et al. 2010
Subfm. †Chulpasiinae Sigé et al. 2009
+
G. †Chulpasia Crochet and Sigé 1993
+
Chulpasia jimthorselli Sigé et al. 2009
Chulpasia mattaueri Crochet and Sigé 1993
G. †Thylacotinga Archer et al. 1993
+
Thylacotinga bartholomaii Archer et al. 1993
G. †Cocatherium Goin et al. 2006
+
Cocatherium lefipanum Goin et al. 2006
Fm. †Glasbiidae Clemens 1966
+
G. †Esteslestes Novacek et al. 1991
+
Esteslestes ensis Novacek et al. 1991
G. †Glasbius Clemens 1966
+
Glasbius intricatus Clemens 1966
Glasbius piceanus Cohen et al. 2020
Glasbius twitchelli Archibald 1982
G. †Periakros Goin et al. 2010
+
Periakros ambiguus Goin et al. 2010
G. †Reigia Pascual 1983
+
Reigia punae Pascual 1983
Subor. †Hatcheriformes Case et al. 2004
+
G. †Ectocentrocristus Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987
+
Ectocentrocristus foxi Rigby, Jr. and Wolberg 1987
G. †Hatcheritherium Case et al. 2004
+
Hatcheritherium alpha Case et al. 2004
G. †Zeusdelphys Marshall 1987
+
Zeusdelphys complicatus Marshall 1987
Fm. †Polydolopidae Ameghino 1897
+
G. †Hypodolops Chornogubsky 2020
+
Hypodolops sapoensis Chornogubsky 2020
G. †Kramadolops Goin et al. 2010
+
Kramadolops abanicoi Flynn and Wyss 1999
Kramadolops fissuratus Goin et al. 2010
Kramadolops hernandezi Marshall 1982
Kramadolops maximus Goin et al. 2010
Kramadolops mayoi Odreman Rivas 1978
Kramadolops mckennai Flynn and Wyss 2004
Subfm. †Polydolopinae Ameghino 1897
+
G. †Amphidolops Ameghino 1902
+
Invalid names: Anadolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Seumadia Simpson 1935 [synonym]
G. †Antarctodolops Woodburne and Zinsmeister 1984
+
Invalid names: Eurydolops Case et al. 1988 [synonym]
G. †Eudolops Ameghino 1897
+
Invalid names: Promysops Ameghino 1902 [synonym], Propolymastodon Ameghino 1903 [synonym]
G. †Pseudolops Ameghino 1902
G. †Polydolops Ameghino 1897
+
Polydolops clavulus Ameghino 1902
Polydolops crassus Ameghino 1902
Polydolops serra Ameghino 1902
+
Invalid names: Amphidolops serrifer Ameghino 1902 [synonym], Anissodolops serrifer Ameghino 1902 [synonym], Polydolops bocurhor Simpson 1948 [synonym]
Polydolops tetragonus Ameghino 1897
Polydolops thomasi Ameghino 1897
+
Invalid names: Orthodolops sciurinus Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Polydolops fur Ameghino 1902 [synonym], Polydolops simplex Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Polydolops thomasi crassus Ameghino 1902 [synonym], Polydolops thomasi mara Simpson 1948 [synonym], Polydolops thomasi paahi Simpson 1948 [synonym], Polydolops thomasi thomasi Simpson 1948 [synonym]
Polydolops unicus Tejedor et al. 2009
Invalid names: Anissodolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Archaeodolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Orthodolops Ameghino 1904 [synonym], Pliodolops Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
Invalid names: Promysopidae Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
Subor. †Polydolopiformes Goin and Candela 1996
+
Fm. †Sillustaniidae Crochet and Sigé 1996
+
G. †Sillustania Crochet and Sigé 1996
Fm. †Prepidolopidae Pascual 1980
+
G. †Coloradolops Chornogubsky et al. 2019
+
Coloradolops cardonensis Chornogubsky et al. 2019
G. †Incadolops Goin and Candela 2004
+
Incadolops ucayali Goin and Candela 2004
G. †Perrodelphys Goin et al. 1999
+
Perrodelphys coquinense Goin et al. 1999
G. †Punadolops Goin et al. 1998
+
Punadolops alonsoi Pascual 1983
G. †Prepidolops Pacual 1980
+
Prepidolops molinai Pascual 1980
G. †Pujatodon Goin et al. 2020
+
Pujatodon ektopos Goin et al. 2020
G. †Roberthoffstetteria Marshall et al. 1983
+
G. †Wamradolops Goin and Candela 2004
+
Wamradolops tsullodon Goin and Candela 2004
Invalid names: Gashterniidae Marshall 1987 [empty], Polydolopoidea Ameghino 1897 [empty]
G. †Protalphadon Cifelli 1990
+
Protalphadon foxi Johanson 1996
Protalphadon lulli Clemens 1966
G. †Sinbadelphys Cifelli 2004
+
Sinbadelphys schmidti Cifelli 2004
Or. †Sparassodonta Ameghino 1894
+
G. †Australogale Engelman et al. 2020
+
Australogale leptognathus Engelman et al. 2020
Superfm. †Borhyaenoidea Ameghino 1894
+
Unr. †Borhyaenidae Savage 1951
+
G. †Angelocabrerus Simpson 1970
G. †Argyrolestes Ameghino 1902
G. †Australohyaena Forasiepi et al. 2015
Subfm. †Borhyaeninae Ameghino 1894
+
Invalid names: Conodonictidae Ameghino 1935 [synonym], Sparassodontidae Roger 1896 [synonym]
G. †Eutemodus Bravard 1858
G. †Fredszalaya Shockey and Anaya 2008
G. †Nemolestes Ameghino 1902
G. †Pharsophorus Ameghino 1897
+
Invalid names: Plesiofelis Roth 1903 [synonym]
Subfm. †Prothylacyninae Ameghino 1894
G. †Chlorocyon Engelman et al. 2018
+
Chlorocyon phantasma Engelman et al. 2018
G. †Lycopsis Goin 1997
+
Lycopsis longirostrus Marshall 1977
Lycopsis padillai Suarez et al. 2016
Lycopsis torresi Cabrera 1927
+
Invalid names: Anatherium oxyrhynchus Ameghino 1894 [synonym]
Lycopsis viverensis Forasiepi et al. 2003
Unr. †Proborhyaenidae Ameghino 1897
+
G. †Arminiheringia Ameghino 1902
+
Invalid names: Dilestes Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
G. †Callistoe Babot et al. 2002
G. †Paraborhyaena Hoffstetter and Petter 1983
G. †Proborhyaena Ameghino 1897
Unr. †Thylacosmilinae Riggs 1933
Invalid names: Arminiheringiidae Ameghino 1902 [synonym]
Subfm. †Hathlyacininae Ameghino 1894
+
G. †Acyon Ameghino 1887
+
Acyon myctoderos Forasiepi et al. 2006
Acyon tricuspidatus Ameghino 1887
+
Invalid names: Anatherium herrerae Marshall 1981 [synonym], Ictioborus destructor Ameghino 1894 [synonym]
G. †Andinogale Hoffstetter and Petter 1983
+
Andinogale sallensis Hoffstetter and Petter 1983
G. †Borhyaenidium Pascual and Bocchino 1963
+
Borhyaenidium altiplanicus Villarroel and Marshall 1983
Borhyaenidium musteloides Pascual and Bocchino 1963
Borhyaenidium riggsi Marshall 1981
G. †Chasicostylus Reig 1957
+
Chasicostylus castroi Reig 1957
G. †Cladosictis Ameghino 1887
+
Cladosictis centralis Ameghino 1902
Cladosictis defossa Ameghino 1887
+
Invalid names: Agustylus bardus Ameghino 1889 [synonym]
Cladosictis patagonica Ameghino 1887
+
Invalid names: Agustylus cynoides Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Agustylus minus Ameghino 1935 [synonym], Agustylus primaevus Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Amphithereutes obscurus Ameghino 1935 [synonym], Cladosictis dissimilis Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Cladosictis lateralis Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Cladosictis petersoni Sinclair 1906 [synonym], Cladosictis trouessarti Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Hathliacynus cultridens Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Hathliacynus fischeri Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Hathliacynus lustratus Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Hathliacynus rollieri Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Hathlyacynus linchyi Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Ictioborus fenestratus Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Protoproviverra ensidens Ameghino 1891 [synonym]
Invalid names: Acyon bardus Ameghino 1889 [nomen dubium], Agustylus Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Anatherium Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Anatherium defossus Ameghino 1887 [nomen dubium], Hathliacynus Ameghino 1887 [synonym], Ictioborus Ameghino 1891 [synonym]
G. †Contrerascynus Mones 2014
+
Contrerascynus borhyaenoides Contreras 1990
Invalid names: Simpsonia Contreras 1990 [replaced]
G. †Notictis Ameghino 1889
+
Notictis ortizii Ameghino 1889
+
Invalid names: Didelphys curvidens Burmeister 1891 [objective synonym]
G. †Notocynus Mercerat 1891
+
Notocynus hermosicus Mercerat 1891
G. †Notogale Loomis 1914
+
Notogale mitis Ameghino 1897
G. †Patene Simpson 1935
+
Patene campbelli Goin and Candela 2004
Patene coluapiensis Simpson 1935
Patene simpsoni Paula Couto 1952
+
Invalid names: Ischyrodidelphis castellanosi Paula Couto 1952 [synonym]
Invalid names: Ischyrodidelphis Paula Couto 1952 [synonym]
G. †Perathereutes Ameghino 1891
+
Perathereutes pungens Ameghino 1891
+
Invalid names: Abderites altiramis Ameghino 1894 [synonym]
Perathereuthes amputans Ameghino 1891
Perathereuthes obtusus Ameghino 1891
G. †Procladosictis Ameghino 1902
+
Procladosictis anomala Ameghino 1902
Invalid names: Procladosictis erecta Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum]
G. †Pseudonotictis Marshall 1981
+
Pseudonotictis chubutensis Martín and Tejedor 2007
Pseudonotictis pusillus Ameghino 1891
+
Invalid names: Hathliacynus kobyi Mercerat 1891 [synonym]
G. †Sallacyon Villarroel and Marshall 1982
+
Sallacyon hoffstetteri Villarroel and Marshall 1982
G. †Sipalocyon Ameghino 1887
+
Sipalocyon externus Ameghino 1902
Sipalocyon gracilis Ameghino 1887
+
Invalid names: Amphiproviverra crassa Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Amphiproviverra minuta Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Hathliacynus lynchi Mercerat 1891 [synonym], Perathereutes amputans Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Perathereutes obtusus Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Protoproviverra manzaniana Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Protoviverra manzaniana Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Sipalocyon altiramis Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Sipalocyon curtus Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Sipalocyon longus Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Sipalocyon mixtus Ameghino 1894 [synonym], Thylacodictis exilis Mercerat 1891 [synonym]
Sipalocyon obusta Ameghino 1891
Invalid names: Amphiproviverra Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Amphithereutes Ameghino 1935 [synonym], Protoproviverra Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Thylacodictis Mercerat 1891 [synonym]
Invalid names: Acyonidae Ameghino 1889 [invalid subgroup], Amphoproviverridae Ameghino 1894 [invalid subgroup], Cladictidae Winge 1923 [invalid subgroup], Cladosictidae Ameghino 1935 [invalid subgroup], Cladosictinae Cabrera 1927 [invalid subgroup], Pseudocladosictis Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum], Pseudocladosictis determinabile Ameghino 1902 [nomen vanum]
Fm. †Hondadelphidae Marshall et al. 1989
+
G. †Hondadelphys Marshall 1976
+
Hondadelphys fieldsi Marshall 1976
G. †Stylocynus Mercerat 1917
+
Stylocynus paranensis Mercerat 1917
Fm. †Thylacosmilidae Riggs 1933
+
G. †Anachlysictis Goin 1997
+
G. †Patagosmilus Forasiepi and Carlini 2010
+
Patagosmilus goini Forasiepi and Carlini 2010
G. †Thylacosmilus Riggs 1933
+
Thylacosmilus atrox Riggs 1933
+
Invalid names: Achlysictis lelongi Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Thylacosmilus lentis Riggs 1933 [synonym]
Invalid names: Achlysictis Ameghino 1891 [synonym], Hyaenodontops Ameghino 1908 [synonym], Notosmilus Kraglievich 1960 [synonym]
Fm. †Stagodontidae Marsh 1889
+
G. †Didelphodon Marsh 1889
+
Didelphodon coyi Fox and Naylor 1986
Didelphodon padanicus Cope 1892
Didelphodon vorax Marsh 1889
+
Invalid names: Cimolestes curtus Marsh 1889 [synonym], Didelphodon ferox Marsh 1889 [synonym], Ectoconodon petersoni Osborn 1898 [synonym], Stagodon nitor Marsh 1889 [synonym], Stagodon validus Marsh 1892 [synonym]
Invalid names: Diaphorodon Simpson 1927 [synonym], Didelphops Marsh 1889 [synonym], Ectoconodon Osborn 1898 [synonym], Stagodon Marsh 1889 [synonym]
G. †Eobrasilia Simpson 1947
+
Eobrasilia coutoi Simpson 1947
G. †Eodelphis Matthew 1916
+
Eodelphis browni Matthew 1916
Eodelphis cutleri Woodward 1916
G. †Fumodelphodon Cohen 2018
+
Fumodelphodon pulveris Cohen 2018
G. †Hoodootherium Cohen 2018
+
Hoodootherium praeceps Cohen 2018
G. †Pariadens Cifelli and Eaton 1987
+
Pariadens kirklandi Cifelli and Eaton 1987
Pariadens mckennai Cifelli 2004
Fm. †Mayulestidae de Muizon 1994
+
G. †Allqokirus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Allqokirus australis Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Mayulestes de Muizon 1994
+
Mayulestes ferox de Muizon 1994
Fm. †Pappotheriidae Slaughter 1965
+
G. †Pappotherium Slaughter 1965
+
Pappotherium pattersoni Slaughter 1965
+
Invalid names: Slaughteria eruptens Butler 1978 [synonym]
Invalid names: Slaughteria Butler 1978 [synonym]
Superor. †Pucadelphyda Muizon et al. 2018
+
Superfm. †Pucadelphyoidea Muizon and Ladevèze 2022
+
G. †Aenigmadelphys Cifelli and Johanson 1994
+
Aenigmadelphys archeri Cifelli and Johanson 1994
G. †Incadelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Incadelphys antiquus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Marmosopsis Paula Couto 1962
+
Marmosopsis juradoi Paula Couto 1962
Fm. †Pucadelphyidae de Muizon 1998
+
G. †Andinodelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Andinodelphys cochabambensis Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Itaboraidelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1984
+
Itaboraidelphys camposi Marshall and de Muizon 1984
G. †Mizquedelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Mizquedelphys pilpinensis Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Pucadelphys Marshall and de Muizon 1988
+
Pucadelphys andinus Marshall and de Muizon 1988
G. †Szalinia de Muizon and Cifelli 2001
+
Szalinia gracilis de Muizon and Cifelli 2001
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 23.31 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gs
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialsubc
Diet: omnivoresubc
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Created: 2011-04-28 11:05:11
Modified: 2011-04-27 20:05:35
Source: s = species, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Clemens 1979, Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Hendy et al. 2009, Carroll 1988, Lillegraven 1979, Hopson 1973, Legendre 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Aptian to the top of the Holocene or 122.46000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 109.0 Ma

Collections (1750 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Atokatheridium sp., Oklatheridium sp. (137567) Oklatheridium sp., Metatheria indet. (137577)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0USA (Oklahoma) Slaughteria eruptens, Pappotherium pattersoni, Oklatheridium szalayi, Oklatheridium minax, Oklatheridium sp., Atokatheridium boreni (14392)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Canada (British Columbia) Duquettichnus kooli (114578)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0USA (Texas) Slaughteria eruptens, Pappotherium pattersoni (14375) Slaughteria eruptens, Pappotherium pattersoni, Oklatheridium szalayi, Oklatheridium minax, Oklatheridium sp., Adinodon pattersoni (14388)
Middle Albian - Early/Lower Cenomanian109.0 - 93.5USA (Montana) Deltatheroida indet., Metatheria indet. (14381) Pappotherium pattersoni, Oklatheridium wiblei, Marsupialiformes indet. (23502)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9USA (Utah) Dakotadens morrowi (14386) Dakotadens morrowi, Alphadon clemensi (14384)
Cenomanian - Santonian100.5 - 83.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Tsagandelta dashzevegi (167890)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Uzbekistan (Navoi) Pappotheriidae sp. (58208)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5France (Poitou-Charentes) Marsupialia indet. (73862) Stagodontidae indet. (77233)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Utah) Dakotadens pertritus (14397 181580) Sinbadelphys schmidti (14395) Sinbadelphys schmidti, Dakotadens pertritus, Adelodelphys muizoni (14398 14399 14403) Sinbadelphys schmidti, Kokopellia juddi, Tribotheria indet. (14396) Sinbadelphys schmidti, Marsupialia indet. (200123) Sinbadelphys schmidti, Pariadens mckennai, Adelodelphys muizoni (14405)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Utah) Pariadens kirklandi (14387)
Middle Cenomanian - Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Utah) Eoalphadon woodburnei (73432) Eoalphadon woodburnei, Eoalphadon sp. (73433) Pariadens kirklandi, Alphadon lillegraveni, Alphadon sp. (14383) Protalphadon sp., Pariadens kirklandi, Dakotadens morrowi, Dakotadens sp., Alphadon sp., Varalphadon janetae, Alphadon lillegraveni, Alphadon clemensi, Alphadontidae indet. (14385)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Utah) Deltatheridiidae indet., Peradectidae indet. (14415)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Utah) Hoodootherium praeceps, Pediomyidae indet., Scalaria martini (181356) Scalaria aquilana (14416)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Utah) Fumodelphodon pulveris, Stagodontidae indet. (14414) Marsupialia indet. (14418)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Deltatheroides kizylkumensis (58165) Deltatheroides kizylkumensis, Sulestes karakshi, Sulestes sp. (58168) Marsasia aenigma, Sulestes karakshi (123160) Sulestes karakshi (58166 58174 58179 118246 123159 123161)
Late/Upper Turonian - Coniacian93.5 - 86.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Deltatherus sp. (123485)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6USA (Utah) Alphadon sp. (14393 14417) Stagodontidae indet., Peradectidae indet. (14389)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6USA (Montana) Leptalestes sp., Iqualadelphis lactea, Aquiladelphis minor, Aquiladelphis incus, Alphadon halleyi, Varalphadon wahweapensis, Varalphadon sp., Albertatherium primus, Albertatherium sp., Metatheria indet. (181582) Varalphadon sp. (181583)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Canada (Alberta) Albertatherium primus, Albertatherium secundus (108197) Eodelphis sp., Aquiladelphis minor, Aquiladelphis incus, Alphadon creber (14426) Eodelphis sp., Iqualadelphis lactea, Pediomys exiguus, Aquiladelphis minor, Aquiladelphis incus, Alphadon creber, Albertatherium primus, Alphadon sp. (14425) Pediomys exiguus, Aquiladelphis minor, Aquiladelphis incus, Alphadon creber, Albertatherium primus (14423)