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Vespertilionidae (vesper bat)

Mammalia - Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1821Vespertilionidae Gray p. 299
1825Vespertilionidae Gray p. 338
1850Vespertilionidae Bonaparte p. 1
1883Vespertilionidae Flower p. 185
1889Vespertilionidae Cope p. 876
1891Vespertilionidae Flower and Lydekker p. 92
1902Vespertilionidae Hay p. 742
1911Vespertilionidae Jaekel p. 213
1930Vespertilionidae Hay p. 453
1952Vespertilionidae Sherman p. 87
1968Vespertilionidae Kurten p. 52
1980Vespertilionidae Kurten and Anderson p. 118
1984Vespertilionidae Butler
1988Vespertilionidae Carroll
1991Vespertilionidae Czaplewski p. 716
1991Vespertilionidae Nowak
2005Vespertilionidae Wilson and Reeder
2016Vespertilionidae Korth and Evander
2016Vespertilionidae Ravel et al. p. 398
2022Vespertilionidae Korth et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Theriamorpha(Rowe 1993)
Theriiformes()
Trechnotheria
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
orderChiropteraBlumenbach 1779
suborderYangochiropteraKoopman 1984
superfamilyVespertilionoidea
familyVespertilionidae
familyVespertilionidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Vespertilionidae Gray 1821 [vesper bat]
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G. †Ancenycteris Sutton and Genoways 1974
G. Antrozous Allen 1862 [pallid bat]
+
Antrozous pallidus Le Conte 1856 [pallid bat]
+
Invalid names: Pizonyx wheeleri Dalquest and Patrick 1989 [synonym]
G. †Anzanycteris White 1969
+
Anzanycteris anzensis White 1969
G. Barbastella Gray 1821
+
Barbastella leucomelas Cretzschmar 1826
G. †Chadronycteris Ostrander 1983
+
Chadronycteris rabenae Ostrander 1983
G. †Corynorhinus Allen 1865
+
G. Eptesicus Rafinesque 1820 [house bat]
+
Eptesicus aurelianensis Ziegler 1993
Eptesicus campanensis Baudelot 1970
Eptesicus fuscus Beauvois 1796 [big brown bat]
+
Invalid names: Eptesicus grandis Brown 1908 [synonym]
Eptesicus kowalskii Woloszyn 1987
Eptesicus mossoczyi Woloszyn 1987
Eptesicus noctuloides Lartet 1851
Eptesicus praeglacialis Kormos 1930
G. †Hanakia Horáček 2001
+
Hanakia agadjaniani Rosina and Rummel 2012
G. Hypsugo Kolenati 1856
+
Hypsugo lanzai Benda 2011 [Socotran pipistrelle]
G. †Ia Thomas 1902
+
Ia lamna Mein and Ginsburg 1997
G. †Karstala Czaplewski and Morgan 2001
+
Karstala silva Czaplewski and Morgan 2001
Subfm. Kerivoulinae Miller 1907
+
G. †Chamtwaria Butler 1984
+
Chamtwaria pickfordi Butler 1984
G. †Khonsunycteris Gunnell et al. 2008
+
Khonsunycteris aegypticus Gunnell et al. 2008
G. Lasionycteris Peters 1865
+
Lasionycteris noctivagans Le Conte 1831 [silver-haired bat]
G. Lasiurus Gray 1831 [hairy-tailed bat]
+
Lasiurus borealis Muller 1776
Lasiurus cinereus Palisot de Beauvois 1796
Lasiurus fossilis Hibbard 1950
Lasiurus golliheri Hibbard 1960
Lasiurus intermedius Allen 1862 [northern yellow bat]
+
Invalid names: Dasypterus floridanus Miller 1902 [synonym]
Lasiurus seminolus Rhoads 1895
G. Miniopterus Bonaparte 1837 [bend-winged bat]
+
Miniopterus approximatus Woloszyn 1987
Miniopterus fossilis Zapfe 1950
Miniopterus tao Woloszyn 1986
G. †Miomyotis Lawrence 1943
+
Miomyotis floridanus Lawrence 1943
G. †Miostrellus Rachl 1983
+
G. Murina Gray 1842
+
Murina suilla Temminck 1840
G. Myotis Kaup 1829
+
Myotis antiquus Gaillard 1899
Myotis austroriparius Rhoads 1897
Myotis baranensis Kormos 1934
Myotis bechsteini Leisler 1818
Myotis belgicus Gunnell et al. 2017
Myotis blythi Tomes 1857 [lesser mouse-eared bat]
Myotis boyeri Mein 1965
Myotis brandtii Eversmann 1845 [Brandts myotis]
Myotis californicus Audubon and Bachman 1842
Myotis danutae Kowalski 1956
Myotis dasycneme Boie 1825
Myotis davidii Peters 1869 [Davids myotis]
Myotis elegans Baudelot 1972
Myotis emarginatus Geoffroy 1806
Myotis estramosensis Topál 1983
Myotis evotis Allen 1864
Myotis exilis Heller 1936
Myotis grisecens Howell 1909
Myotis grisescens Howell 1909 [gray bat]
+
Invalid names: Myotis insignis Heller 1936 [replaced]
Myotis ikonnikovi Ognev 1912 [Ikonnikov's bat]
Myotis janossyi Topál 1983
Myotis keenii Merriam 1895
Myotis leibii Audubon and Bachman 1842
Myotis lucifugus Le Conte 1831
Myotis mangamolaris Choate and Hall 1967
Myotis murinoides Trouessart 1904
Myotis myotis Borkhausen 1797 [greater mouse-eared bat]
Myotis mystacinus Leisler 1819
Myotis nattereri Kuhl 1818
Myotis oxygnathus Monticelli 1885
Myotis paradaubentoni Topál 1983
Myotis rectidens Choate and Hall 1967
Myotis salodorensis Revilliod 1922
Myotis sanctialbani Viret 1951
Myotis septentrionalis Trouessart 1897
Myotis siligorensis Horsfield 1855 [Himalayan whiskered bat]
Myotis sodalis Miller and Allen 1928
Myotis thysanodes Miller 1897
Myotis velifer Allen 1890 [cave myotis]
Myotis volans Allen 1866
Myotis yumanensis Allen 1864
Invalid names: Pizonyx Miller 1906 [synonym]
Tr. Noctilioninia Gray 1825
+
G. Dysopes Illiger 1811
G. Nyctalus Bowdich 1925
+
Nyctalus noctula Schreber 1774
G. Nycticeius Rafinesque 1819
+
Nycticeius humeralis Rafinesque 1818 [evening bat]
G. †Oligomyotis Galbreath 1962
G. †Paleptesicus Zapfe 1970
+
Paleptesicus priscus Zapfe 1950
Tr. Phyllostomina Gray 1825
+
G. Arctibeus Gray 1825
G. Diphylla Spix 1823
+
Diphylla centralis Thomas 1903
G. Medateus Gray 1825
G. Vampyrus Spix 1823
+
Vampyrus spectrum Linnaeus 1758 [spectral bat]
G. Pipistrellus Kaup 1829 [pipistrelle bat]
+
Pipistrellus hesperus Allen 1864 [western pipistrelle]
Pipistrellus kuhlii Natterer 1819 [Kuhl's pipistrelle]
Pipistrellus nathusii Keyserling and Blasius 1839
Pipistrellus savii Bonaparte 1837
Pipistrellus subflavus Cuvier 1832 [eastern pipistrelle bat]
Pipistrellus tenuis Temminck 1840 [least pipistrelle]
Invalid names: Vesperugo Cope 1873 [synonym]
G. †Plionycteris Lindsay and Jacobs 1985
G. †Potamonycteris Czaplewski 1991
+
Potamonycteris biperforatus Czaplewski 1991
Tr. Pteropina Gray 1825
+
G. Cynopterus Cuvier 1824
+
Cynopterus titthaecheilus Temminck 1827 [Indonesian short-nosed fruit bat]
G. Harpyia Illiger 1811
G. Macroglossus Cuvier 1824
+
Macroglossus minimus Geoffroy 1810
Tr. Rhinolophina Gray 1825
+
G. Nyctophilus Leach 1821
G. Rhogeessa Allen 1866 [lesser yellow bat]
G. Scotomanes Dobson 1875 [harlequin bat]
G. Scotophilus Leach 1821
+
Scotophilus viridis Peters 1852
G. †Shanwangia Yang 1977
+
G. †Simonycteris Stirton 1931
G. †Stehlinia Revilliod 1919
+
Stehlinia bonisi Sigé 1990
Stehlinia gracilis Revilliod 1919
+
Invalid names: Nycterobius gracilis Revilliod 1922 [objective synonym], Pseudorhinolophus egerkingensis Revilliod 1922 [synonym]
Invalid names: Nycterobius Revilliod 1922 [objective synonym], Paleunycteris Revilliod 1919 [synonym], Revilliodia Simpson 1945 [objective synonym]
G. †Suaptenos Lawrence 1943
+
Suaptenos whitei Lawrence 1943
G. †Synemporion Ziegler et al. 2016
+
Synemporion keana Ziegler et al. 2016
G. Tylonycteris Peters 1872 [bamboo bat]
G. Vespertilio Linnaeus 1758
+
Vespertilio majori Kormos 1934
Vespertilio murinus Linnaeus 1758
+
Invalid names: Vespertilio discolor Wagner 1843 [synonym]
Vespertilio nilssoni Keyserling and Blasius 1839
Vespertilio serotinus Schreber 1774
Subfm. Vespertilionae Kurten and Anderson 1980
+
G. Dasypterus Reuter 1871
G. Histiotus Gervais 1855
+
Histiotus stocki Stirton 1931
G. Plecotus Geoffroy 1818
+
Subg. †Plecotus (Paraplecotus) Rabaeder 1973
+
Plecotus alleganiensis Gidley and Gazin 1933
Plecotus auritus Linnaeus 1758 [common long-eared bat]
Plecotus austriacus Fischer 1829
Plecotus crassidens Kormos 1930
Plecotus rafinesquii Lesson 1818
Plecotus tetralophodon Handley 1955
Plecotus townsendii Cooper 1837 [Townsend's big-eared bat]
Tr. Vespertilionina Gray 1825
+
G. Caelano Gray 1825
G. Proboscidea Spix 1823
Invalid names: Myotinae Tate 1942 [empty], Nyctophylinae [empty], Vespertilioninae Gray 1821 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: volanto
Diet: omnivoref
Reproduction: viviparouso
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:10
Modified: 2005-06-08 12:11:10
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Ji et al. 2002, Hendy et al. 2009, Carroll 1988, Simmons et al. 2008

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the MP 13 to the top of the Holocene or 48.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 41.3 Ma

Collections (325 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3Tunisia Vespertilionidae indet. (87795)
MP 13 - MP 1448.6 - 40.4France (Quercy) Stehlinia ruetimeyeri, Stehlinia pusilla (36875)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie) Stehlinia sp. (177581)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Switzerland (Baselland) Paleunycteris pusilla, Pseudorhinolophus egerkingensis (31720) Paleunycteris rutimeyeri (31721)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Switzerland (Canton de Vaud) Stehlinia minor (182607)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Languedoc-Roussillon Region Region) Stehlinia sp. (31756)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur Region) Stehlinia minor (31747)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Quercy, Midi-Pyrenees Region) Stehlinia gracilis (12849)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Nebraska) Chadronycteris rabenae (16941) Stehlinia sp., Chadronycteris rabenae (17014)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Stehlinia minor, Stehlinia gracilis (41665)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9France (Quercy) Stehlinia minor, Stehlinia quercyi, Stehlinia gracilis (12850)
Late/Upper Chadronian - Orellan37.2 - 33.3USA (Nebraska) Vespertilionidae indet. (230806)
MP 20 - MP 2137.2 - 28.4France (Occitanie) Stehlinia minor, Stehlinia gracilis (183382)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Colorado) Oligomyotis casementi (17082)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Montana) Vespertilionidae indet. (17090)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Belgium Myotis belgicus (31748)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France Stehlinia gracilis, Stehlinia bonisi (183452)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Chiroptera indet. (68021)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1France Stehlinia minor, Stehlinia sp. (183381)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Egypt (Fayum) Khonsunycteris aegypticus (60127)