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Primates (primate)

Mammalia - Primates

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Primates Linnaeus p. 20
1758Simia Linnaeus p. 25
1758Simia apedia Linnaeus p. 25
1792Simia (Cercopithecus) sinicus pileatus Kerr
1795Pithecus Geoffroy and Cuvier
1800Simia pileata Shaw
1811Simia Illiger p. 67
1821Primates Gray p. 310
1825Primates Gray p. 337
1825Simia Gray p. 338
1850Primates Bonaparte p. 1
1862Cynamolgus (Zati) pileatus Reichenbach p. 131
1883Primates Flower p. 186
1891Primates Flower and Lydekker p. 92
1895Macacus pileatus Allen p. 185
1910Primates Gregory p. 465
1924Pliopithecus posthumus Schlosser
1933Ceciliolemuridae Weigelt
1933Ceciliolemuroidea Weigelt
1975Primates McKenna p. 42
1979Primates Kielan-Jaworowska et al. p. 223
1986Primates Hooker p. 245
1988Primates Carroll
1989Primates Gunnell p. 147
1991Primates Beard
1991Primates Nowak
1999Primates Waddell et al. p. cover
2001Primates Madsen et al. p. 612
2001Primates Waddell et al. p. 148
2007Primates Bloch et al. p. 1162
2007Primates Janecka et al.
2007Primates Wible et al.
2010Primates Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2010Primates Silcox et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
Euarchonta
orderPrimates
orderPrimates

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 4.5 kgs
Minimum body mass: 30 gg
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: arborealo
Diet: omnivoreo
Comments: life habit and diet based on Nowak 1999 o
Created: 2005-08-26 13:27:51
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:27:51
Source: s = species, g = genus, o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kay 1994, Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Carroll 1988, Kay and Cozzuol 2006, Kay and Meldrum 1997, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Legendre 1988, Kay et al. 2008, Fleagle 1990, Nowak 1999

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Puercan to the top of the Holocene or 66.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 63.3 Ma

Collections (2284 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Purgatorius pinecreeensis (14764) Purgatorius sp. (14768)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Alberta) Pandemonium hibernalis (174625)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Texas) Palaechthon nacimienti (14887)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Plesiadapidae indet., Ursolestes perpetior, Purgatorius sp. (14809) Purgatorius ceratops (14741) Purgatorius coracis (193844) Purgatorius unio (14738) Purgatorius unio, Plesiadapidae indet. (14766)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Belgium (Hainaut) Russellodon haininense (132949)
To263.3 - 61.7Canada (Alberta) Edworthia lerbekmoi (99007)
To363.3 - 61.7Canada (Alberta) Ignacius fremontensis, Palenochtha minor, Plesiolestes problematicus, Pronothodectes matthewi, Ignacius frugivorus, Picrodontidae indet. (14894)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Utah) Draconodus apertus, Paromomys depressidens, Palaechthon sp. (14830)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7Canada (Alberta) Ignacius fremontensis, Ignacius frugivorus, Plesiolestes problematicus, Pronothodectes matthewi (143200) Palaechthon sp. (14828) Pronothodectes sp. (14822)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Elphidotarsius florencae, Palaechthon alticuspis, Palenochtha minor, Paromomys depressidens, Paromomys maturus, Picrodus silberlingi, Pronothodectes matthewi (14906) Elphidotarsius florencae, Picrodus silberlingi, Pronothodectes matthewi (14874) Palaechthon alticuspis, Paromomys maturus, Picrodus silberlingi (14913) Paromomys maturus (14885) Picrodus silberlingi, Pronothodectes matthewi (14876)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Anasazia williamsoni, Plesiolestes wilsoni (14873) Palaechthon torrejonius (14865) Palaechthon torrejonius, Palaechthon woodi, Palaechthon sp. (14816) Palaechthon woodi, Paromomys sp. (14859) Palaechthon woodi, Plesiolestes wilsoni (14893) Torrejonia wilsoni (14833 14868 187009)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Wyoming) Elphidotarsius florencae, Ignacius fremontensis, Palenochtha minor, Paromomys depressidens, Picrodus silberlingi, Plesiolestes problematicus, Premnoides douglassi, Pronothodectes jepi (14912) Palenochtha sp., Palenochtha minor, Pronothodectes jepi, Palaechthon sp., Picrodus silberlingi (14898) Palenochtha weissae, Paromomys depressidens, Paromomys maturus, Picrodus silberlingi, Palenochtha minor, Palaechthon problematicus (14886) Paromomys depressidens, Paromomys maturus, Palaechthon sp. (14904) Paromomys maturus (14903) Paromomys maturus, Pronothodectes jepi, Palaechthon sp. (14905) Pronothodectes jepi (14881) Pronothodectes jepi, Palaechthon sp. (14896)
Torrejonian - Tiffanian63.3 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Paromomys sp. (14858) Plesiadapis sp. (14852 14854) Plesiolestes sp. (14853) Plesiolestes sp., Plesiadapidae indet., Palaechthon alticuspis (14851)
Ti161.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Plesiadapis sp., Plesiadapis praecursor (195856) Pronothodectes sp., Carpodaptes hazelae, Elphidotarsius russelli, Ignacius fremontensis, Ignacius frugivorus, Nannodectes intermedius, Paromomys depressidens, Plesiadapis anceps, Plesiadapis praecursor, Phoxomylus puncticuspis, Plesiolestes sirokyi, Picrodus silberlingi (14939)
Ti161.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Plesiadapis praecursor (15026)
Ti361.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Microsyopidae indet., Carpodaptes hazelae, Elphidotarsius wightoni, Ignacius frugivorus, Micromomys fremdi, Zanycteris paleocenus, Plesiadapis rex, Saxonella crepaturae, Picrodus sp. (14992) Saxonella sp., Carpodaptes hazelae, Elphidotarsius wightoni, Ignacius frugivorus, Plesiadapis rex, Pronothodectes gaoi, Plesiolestes sirokyi (14928)
Ti361.7 - 56.8USA (Colorado) Nannodectes simpsoni (99821)
Ti561.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Plesiadapis simonsi (46654)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Elphidotarsius russelli (15030) Ignacius sp., Elphidotarsius russelli, Nannodectes intermedius, Picrodus silberlingi, Plesiadapis praecursor (15025) Nannodectes intermedius, Palaechthon woodi, Palaechthon problematicus, Picrodus silberlingi (15008) Nannodectes sp., Carpodaptes hazelae, Ignacius frugivorus, Plesiadapis anceps (15064) Nannodectes sp., Elphidotarsius russelli (15010) Navajovius sp., Trogolemur sp., Carpodaptes hazelae, Ignacius frugivorus, Plesiadapis rex, Microsyops sp., Phenacolemur praecox (14937) Paromomyidae indet., Carpolestidae indet., Nannodectes intermedius, Picrodus silberlingi, Palaechthon sp. (15047) Paromomys maturus (15039) Paromomys sp., Plesiadapis rex, Carpodaptes sp. (15037) Plesiadapiformes indet. (15019) Plesiadapis anceps (14955 14993 15002) Plesiadapis churchilli, Carpodaptes jepseni (15033) Purgatorius sp., Picrodus sp., Ignacius frugivorus, Nannodectes gidleyi, Nannodectes simpsoni, Plesiadapis churchilli, Navajovius kohlhaasae, Phenacolemur pagei, Carpodaptes hobackensis (15048)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Texas) Chiromyoides minor, Navajovius kohlhaasae (14975) Palaechthon woodi (14948) Zanycteris sp., Navajovius kohlhaasae, Chiromyoides caesor, Phenacolemur frugivorus, Plesiadapis gidleyi (14956)