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Carpolestes

Mammalia - Primates - Carpolestidae

Taxonomy
Carpolestes was named by Simpson (1928). It is not extant. Its type is Carpolestes nigridens. It was considered monophyletic by Beard and Wang (1995).

It was synonymized subjectively with Carpodaptes by Szalay and Delson (1979).

It was assigned to Tarsiidae by Simpson (1928); to Carpolestidae by Simpson (1937), Simpson (1940), Gingerich (1980), Gingerich (1987), Gunnell (1989), Van Valen (1994), McKenna and Bell (1997) and Bloch and Gingerich (1998); and to Carpolestinae by Beard and Wang (1995) and Beard et al. (2016).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1928Carpolestes Simpson p. 7
1929Litotherium Simpson
1937Carpolestes Simpson p. 161
1940Carpolestes Simpson p. 204
1980Carpolestes Gingerich
1987Carpolestes Gingerich p. 312
1989Carpolestes Gunnell p. 147
1994Carpolestes Van Valen
1995Carpolestes Beard and Wang
1997Carpolestes McKenna and Bell
1998Carpolestes Bloch and Gingerich
2016Carpolestes Beard et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
Boreoeutheria
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
Euarchonta
orderPrimates
Euprimateformes
superfamilyPlesiadapoidea
familyCarpolestidaeSimpson 1935
subfamilyCarpolestinaeRussell 1964
genusCarpolestes

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Carpolestes Simpson 1928
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Carpolestes dubius Jepsen 1930
Carpolestes nigridens Simpson 1928
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Invalid names: Carpolestes aquilae Simpson 1929 [synonym], Litotherium complicatum Simpson 1929 [synonym]
Carpolestes simpsoni Bloch and Gingerich 1998
Carpolestes twelvemilensis Mattingly et al. 2017
Invalid names: Litotherium Simpson 1929 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsuperf
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: arborealsuperf
Diet: herbivoresuperf
Reproduction: viviparoussuperf
Created: 2005-08-24 13:55:49
Modified: 2005-08-24 15:55:49
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Carroll 1988

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Paleocene to the top of the Clarkforkian or 58.70000 to 54.90000 Ma

Collections (44 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) C. dubius (15029 15032 15049 15065 15068 26569 190414 190421 190423 190437 190448 190489 190490) C. nigridens (15058 190419 190462) C. sp. (14974 15057) C. twelvemilensis (187515)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Wyoming) C. dubius (188220)
Cf156.2 - 54.9USA (Wyoming) C. nigridens (46649)
Clarkforkian56.2 - 54.9USA (Montana) C. nigridens (15079)
Clarkforkian56.2 - 54.9USA (Wyoming) C. dubius (15075) C. nigridens (15072 15080 15085 15092 15094 15099 15111 15156 15183 15201 190416 190432) C. nigridens, C. simpsoni (15082 15089) C. simpsoni (15119 15151 15152) C. sp. (15176 15204 15216)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (Wyoming) C. nigridens (15081)