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Tarsiiformes (tarsier)

Mammalia - Primates

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1915Tarsiiformes Gregory
1975Tarsiiformes McKenna p. 42
1976Tarsiiformes Szalay p. 172
1985Tarsiiformes Simons and Bown p. 476
1986Tarsiiformes Hooker p. 245
1988Tarsiiformes Carroll
1991Tarsiiformes Bown and Rose p. 467
1993Tarsiiformes Gingerich p. 322
1994Tarsiiformes Beard et al. p. 609
1997Tarsiiformes Mein and Ginsburg p. 806
2001Tarsiiformes Gunnell and Miller p. 189
2002Tarsiiformes Muldoon and Gunnell p. 481
2004Tarsiiformes Kay et al. p. 100
2004Tarsiiformes Poux and Douzery
2005Tarsiiformes Bajpai et al. p. 44
2006Tarsiiformes Rosenberger p. 140
2007Tarsiiformes Hooker p. 740
2009Tarsiiformes Rose et al. p. 384
2010Tarsiiformes Burger p. 2
2011Tarsiiformes Chaimanee et al. p. 1957
2013Tarsiiformes Fleagle

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderPrimates
infraorderHaplorhini(Pocock 1918)
infraorderTarsiiformesGregory 1915
infraorderTarsiiformesGregory 1915

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 100 gg
Minimum body mass: 100 gg
Body mass estimate: 100 g
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: arborealo
Diet: omnivoreo
Created: 2005-08-26 13:27:51
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:27:51
Source: g = genus, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Legendre 1988, Carroll 1988, Hopson 1973, Nowak 1999, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tiffanian to the top of the MN 6 or 61.70000 to 12.75000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 56.8 Ma

Collections (563 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Trogolemur sp. (14937)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Oise) Teilhardina belgica (68174)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Vastanomys gracilis, Vastanomys major (55494)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Melaneremia bryanti (38868) Melaneremia schrevei (174239) Nannopithex zuccolae (68439) Teilhardina belgica (133368)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Pakistan (Balochistan) Kohatius coppensi, Indusius kaliae (87933)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Île-de-France) Teilhardina belgica (68437)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Belgium (Hainaut) Teilhardina belgica (87947)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Anemorhysis savagei (201473)
Graybullian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Teilhardina sp., Absarokius metoecus (15701)
Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Absarokius witteri (16076) Anemorhysis sp., Shoshonius cooperi, Absarokius noctivagus, Omomyidae indet. (15930) Hemiacodon casamissus, Shoshonius cooperi, Absarokius noctivagus (15917) Loveina sheai (124856 124857) Loveina wapitiensis (15997 16005 124858) Loveina zephyri (16068 16073) Shoshonius cooperi (16078) Shoshonius cooperi, Absarokius witteri (15915)
Lysitean - Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Loveina sp., Tetonius sp., Arapahovius gazini, Tetonoides sp. (15451)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Absarokius abbotti (15454 15552 15557 15558 15560 15562 15563 15567 15933 15937 15963 46700 46715) Absarokius abbotti, Absarokius metoecus (15554 15555 15556 15564 15565 15566 15579 46699) Absarokius abbotti, Absarokius metoecus, Anemorhysis wortmani (15559 15581) Absarokius abbotti, Absarokius metoecus, Tetonius homunculus (15551 15553) Absarokius abbotti, Anemorhysis musculus, Omomys minutus (15964) Absarokius abbotti, Anemorhysis wortmani (15561) Absarokius abbotti, Arapahovius advena (15537) Absarokius abbotti, Omomys vespertinus (15717) Absarokius abbotti, Tetonius homunculus (15550) Absarokius gazini (88037 88038) Absarokius metoecus (15540 15545 15546 15575 15578 46692 46763 46847 46851) Absarokius metoecus, Anemorhysis pattersoni (15576) Absarokius metoecus, Steinius vespertinus (15541 15542 15577) Absarokius metoecus, Tetonius matthewi (46831) Absarokius noctivagus (15906 46705) Absarokius sp. (46765) Anemorhysis pattersoni (15533) Anemorhysis sublettensis, Chlororhysis knightensis, Absarokius noctivagus, Omomys sheai (15662) Anemorhysis wortmani (15669) Chlororhysis incomptus (15896) Chlororhysis knightensis (15479) Chlororhysis sp., Loveina minuta, Trogolemur myodes, Absarokius sp. (15842) Loveina sp., Absarokius sp. (27268) Loveina zephyri, Absarokius noctivagus (15934) Loveina zephyri, Shoshonius cooperi, Absarokius noctivagus, Absarokius witteri (15942) Omomyidae indet., Absarokius abbotti, Absarokius metoecus, Tetonoides sp., Tetonius homunculus (15548) Omomys sheai (15456) Omomys sp., Tetonoides pearcei (15455) Pseudotetonius ambiguus (15785 15803 15807 15812 46682) Pseudotetonius ambiguus, Teilhardina americana, Tetonius matthewi (15694) Shoshonius cooperi (15902) Steinius annectens (87317) Strigorhysis bridgerensis (15569) Tatmanius szalayi (87316) Teilhardina americana (15488 15729 15747 15786 46728 46796 46804 46813) Teilhardina americana, Tetonius matthewi (46800 46814) Teilhardina americana, Tetonoides sp., Tetonius homunculus (15493) Teilhardina americana, Tetonoides tenuiculus, Tetonius homunculus (15491) Teilhardina brandti (15834) Teilhardina crassidens, Tetonius matthewi (15743 15762 15796 46721 46808) Teilhardina demissa (15539) Teilhardina mathewi, Teilhardina americana (46792) Teilhardina sp. (15501 15503 15509 15733 15740 15756 15765 15766 15779 15792 15795 15824) Teilhardina sp., Tetonius matthewi (15508 15790) Teilhardina tenuicula (46668 46686) Tetonius homunculus (15511 15517 15518 15522 15523 15524 15532 15912 16055) Tetonius homunculus, Tetonoides pearcei (15723) Tetonius homunculus, Tetonoides tenuiculus (15520) Tetonius matthewi (15513 15742 15799 15801 15818 15826 46641 46669 46672 46675 46687 46688 46704 46720 46730 46731 46753 46773 46780 46795 46797 46805 46816 46828 46830 46834 46838 46843) Tetonius matthewi, Tetonoides tenuiculus (15512) Tetonius musculus (15994 16029 16033) Tetonius sp. (15467 15468 15469 15472 15525 15527 15528 15529 15534 15570 15571 15730 15758 15767 15768 15769 15770 15784 15797 15819 15821) Tetonius sp., Pseudotetonius ambiguus (15530 15805) Tetonoides pearcei (118482) Tetonoides pearcei, Tetonius sp. (15673) Tetonoides sp., Tetonius homunculus (15504 15515) Tetonoides tenuiculus (15793) Tetonoides tenuiculus, Tetonius homunculus (15507 15510 15514 15516 15531) Washakius insignis (15486)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (North Dakota) Teilhardina sp., Tetonoides pearcei (15895)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Mississippi) Omomyidae indet. (15719)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Colorado) Absarokius sp. (15332 15387) Loveina zephyri (15650 15651) Tetonius homunculus (15357 15450 15725 15845) Tetonius homunculus, Anemorhysis minutus (15887) Tetonius homunculus, Trogolemur sp. (15480) Tetonius mckennai (15429) Tetonius sp. (15274) Tetonius sp., Anemorhysis tenuiculus, Tetonius homunculus, Anemorhysis minutus (15485)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (New Mexico) Jemezius szalayi (15436) Omomyidae indet. (15432 15447)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Utah) Uintalacus nettingi (15715)
Bumbanian55.8 - 48.6China (Nei Mongol) Baataromomys ulaanus (72202)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6China (Hubei) Archicebus achilles (35927)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Belgium (Brabant) Teilhardina belgica (35531)