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Hyaenodon

Mammalia - Creodonta - Hyaenodontidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Hyaenodon Laizer and Parieu
1841Taxotherium Blainville
1887Pseudopterodon Schlosser
1892Hyaenodon Scott p. 317
1902Hyaenodon Hay p. 758
1906Hyaenodon Andrews p. 218
1908Hyaenodon Lambe
1933Protohyaenodon Stock
1965Hyaenodon Savage p. 278
1967Hyaenodon Van Valen
1996Hyaenodon Polly
1997Hyaenodon McKenna and Bell
2005Hyaenodon Wang et al. p. 2
2007Hyaenodon Peigné et al. p. 443
2016Hyaenodon Borths et al.
2019Hyaenodon Solé and Mennecart

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
RankNameAuthor
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Theriamorpha(Rowe 1993)
Theriiformes()
Trechnotheria
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
Boreoeutheria
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
orderCreodonta()
orderHyaenodonta()
superfamilyHyaenodontoideaLeidy 1869
familyHyaenodontidaeLeidy 1869
subfamilyHyaenodontinaeTrouessart 1885
genusHyaenodonLaizer and Parieu 1838

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Hyaenodon Laizer and Parieu 1838
show all | hide all
Hyaenodon americanus Bravard 1858
Hyaenodon bavaricus Dehm 1935
Hyaenodon brachycephalus Osborn 1909
Hyaenodon brevirostrus Macdonald 1970
Hyaenodon chunkhtensis Dashzeveg 1985
Hyaenodon crucians Leidy 1853
+
Invalid names: Hyaenodon minutus Douglass 1902 [synonym], Hyaenodon paucidens Osborn and Wortman 1894 [synonym]
Hyaenodon cruentus Leidy 1853
Hyaenodon dubius Filhol 1873
Hyaenodon eminus Matthew and Granger 1925
Hyaenodon filholi Schlosser 1877
+
Invalid names: Hyaenodon vulpinus Filhol 1876 [synonym]
Hyaenodon gigas Dashzeveg 1985
Hyaenodon horridus Leidy 1853
Hyaenodon incertus Dashzeveg 1985
+
Invalid names: Pterodon exploratus Dashzeveg 1985 [synonym]
Hyaenodon leptorhynchus Laizer and Parieu 1838
Hyaenodon megaloides Mellett 1977
Hyaenodon microdon Mellett 1977
Hyaenodon minor Lange-Badré 1979
Hyaenodon mongoliensis Dashzeveg 1964
Hyaenodon montanus Douglass 1902
Hyaenodon mustelinus Scott 1894
Hyaenodon neimongoliensis Huang and Zhu 2002
Hyaenodon pervagus Matthew and Granger 1924
Hyaenodon raineyi Gustafson 1986
Hyaenodon venturae Mellett 1977
+
Invalid names: Hyaenodon exiguus Stock 1933 [synonym]
Hyaenodon vetus Stock 1933
+
Invalid names: Pterodon californicus Stock 1933 [synonym]
Hyaenodon weilini Wang et al. 2005
Hyaenodon yuanchuensis Young 1937
Invalid names: Protohyaenodon Stock 1933 [synonym], Pseudopterodon Schlosser 1887 [synonym], Taxotherium Blainville 1841 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: carnivoreg
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Comments: "meat group" (Van Valkenburgh 1988)g
Created: 2009-01-04 14:30:16
Modified: 2009-01-04 16:30:16
Source: g = genus, f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Van Valkenburgh 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Lillegraven 1979, Ji et al. 2002, Gunnell 1998, Carroll 1988

Age range: base of the Uintan to the top of the Middle Miocene or 46.20000 to 11.60800 Ma

Collections (130 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian - Bartonian56.0 - 38.0France (Aude) H. sp. (78233)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Henan) H. sp. (46193)
Sharamurunian48.6 - 37.2China (Shanxi) H. yuanchuensis (42194)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) H. sp. (41989 41992)
Uintan - Duchesnean46.2 - 37.2USA (New Mexico) H. sp. (16879)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0France (Rhone-Alpes Region) H. schlosseri (31741)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Texas) H. crucians, H. montanus (16835) H. montanus (16830) H. sp. (16828) H. vetus (16836 16857)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Utah) H. sp. (16861)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (California) H. exiguus, H. vetus (16810)
Duchesnean - Chadronian40.4 - 33.9USA (Montana) H. sp. (16840)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Languedoc-Roussillon Region) H. requieni, H. minor (31760)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Quercy, Midi-Pyrenees region) H. vulpinus (12848)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Spain (Catalonia) H. minor (31751)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Quercy, Midi-Pyrenees Region) H. brachyrhynchus (12842) H. minor (12849) H. sp.1 (31764)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) H. sp. (39643)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur Region) H. requieni (31747)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Montana) H. minutus (16988) H. sp. (16990)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (New Mexico) H. horridus (17002)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Nebraska) H. crucians (16918 16930)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) H. crucians, H. horridus (16942 16943) H. crucians, H. montanus (16962) H. horridus, H. venturae (17045) H. megaloides, H. montanus, H. mustelinus (16963) H. montanus (16964) H. sp. (16920 16952) H. venturae (16960) H. vetus (16961)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9Canada (Saskatchewan) H. horridus (17023) H. horridus, H. microdon, H. mustelinus (16919)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (South Dakota) H. cruentus (16938) H. horridus, H. montanus (16885) H. montanus, H. cruentus (17006)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Texas) H. crucians (16887) H. horridus (17030) H. sp. (16888)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Mongolia (Dornogobi Aimag) H. chunkhtensis (152082)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Mongolia H. eminus (73781)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) H. sp. (182572 182574)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9France (Quercy) H. brachyrhynchus, H. requieni, H. minor (12850)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) H. minor (40030)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Mongolia (Dornogov) H. sp. (38303 174918 205811) H. sp., H. eminus, H. pervagus, Megalopterodon mongoliensis (176016) H. sp., H. incertus, H. eminus, H. pervagus, H. mongoliensis, H. gigas (174716) Pterodon exploratus, H. gigas, Pterodon sp. (174715)
Ulangochuian37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) H. incertus, H. pervagus (73808) H. mongoliensis (73811)
Chadronian - Orellan37.2 - 33.3USA (Wyoming) H. sp. (16993)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (South Dakota) H. crucians (17296) H. crucians, H. cruentus (17295) H. crucians, H. horridus (17133 17153) H. mustelinus (17092) H. sp. (17094 17173 17187 17189 163487)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Wyoming) H. crucians, H. horridus (17104 17105 17106)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Nebraska) H. crucians (17098 17164)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Colorado) H. crucians, H. mustelinus (17081) H. horridus (17082 17083)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Gansu) H. pervagus (53972)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France (Quercy, Midi-Pyrenees Region) H. aymardi (31583)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Ningxia) H. sp. (182895)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia (Övörkhangai) H. eminus, H. pervagus (180961) H. incertus, H. pervagus, H. gigas (201191) H. mongoliensis (187301) H. pervagus (201185)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Nei Mongol) H. sp. 1, H. sp. 2, H. neimongoliensis (174759)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia H. pervagus (53979)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia (Dornogovi) Hyaenodon indet. (176559)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France (Auvergne Region) H. leptorhynchus, H. dubius (31767)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia (Ömnögovi) H. sp., H. pervagus, H. chunkhtensis (176360)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Xinjiang) H. sp. (180951 180952)
MP 2133.9 - 28.4Czech Republic H. sp. (91467)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France (Nouvelle-Aquitaine ) H. leptorhynchus (183511)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France H. leptorhynchus, H. dubius (183452)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France (Midi-Pyrenées) H. leptorhynchus (167537)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4Germany (Bayern) H. leptorhynchus (91491)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France (Quercy) H. leptorhynchus (181092)
MP 2333.9 - 28.4France (Quercy) H. leptorhynchus (36709)
MP 2433.9 - 28.4France (Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées) H. leptorhynchus, H. dubius (182658)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Egypt (Fayum) H. sp. (65960)
MP 2533.9 - 23.03France H. leptorhynchus (60214)
Whitneyan33.3 - 30.8USA (South Dakota) H. horridus (17337) H. sp. (17336 17338 17343 17345 17358 17384)
Geringian30.8 - 26.3USA (South Dakota) H. brevirostrus (17612)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (California) H. sp. (17497)
Arikareean30.8 - 20.43USA (Nebraska) H. sp. (17513)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Georgia H. aymardi, H. sp. (182744)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Turkey (Anatolia) H. sp. (184173)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03France (Tarn-et-Garonne) H. leptorhynchus (181648)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Germany H. leptorhynchus (183664)
MP 2828.4 - 23.03France (Quercy) H. leptorhynchus (36712 36715)
MP 2828.4 - 23.03France (Puy-de-Dôme) H. leptorhynchus (179177)
MP 2928.4 - 23.03France (Aquitaine) H. leptorhynchus (37208)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Switzerland (Canton Solothurn) H. compressus, H. filholi (182805)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya H. andrewsi, H. matthewi, H. pilgrimi (21725) H. matthewsi, H. andrewsi, H. pilgrimi (21726) H. sp. (27858 38060 87341)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Gansu) H. sp. (42065)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya (Northern Frontier District) H. andrewsi (122454)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Kenya H. andrewsi (21724)