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Arctoidea

Mammalia - Carnivora

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1869Arctoidea Flower p. 15
1883Arctoidea Flower p. 186
1902Arctoidea Hay p. 762
1976Arctoidea Tedford p. 372
1987Arctoidea Barnes p. 3
1988Arctoidea Barnes p. 2
1988Arctoidea Carroll
1989Arctoidea Barnes p. 3
1991Arctoidea Bryant p. 60
1992Arctoidea Barnes p. 3
1992Arctoidea Wang and Tedford p. 225
1993Arctoidea Wolson p. 363
1994Arctoidea Tedford et al. p. 12
1995Arctoidea Kohno et al. p. 113
1996Arctoidea Kohno p. 389
2001Arctoidea Hunt, Jr. p. 3
2001Arctoidea Koretsky p. 85
2002Arctoidea Hunt, Jr. p. 9
2003Arctoidea Zhai et al. p. 294
2005Arctoidea Wang et al. p. 6
2006Arctoidea Owen p. 1002
2006Arctoidea Peigné et al. p. 788
2007Arctoidea Labs Hochstein p. 532
2008Arctoidea Wang and Carranza-Castaneda p. 388
2009Arctoidea Wang et al. p. 757
2010Arctoidea Robles et al. p. 550
2011Arctoidea Hunt, Jr. p. 21
2011Arctoidea Tomiya p. 2
2012Arctoidea Abella et al. p. 2
2014Arctoidea Koretsky et al. p. 421
2014Arctoidea Wang et al. p. 292
2015Arctoidea Hunt, Jr. and Stepleton pp. e891229-4
2017Arctoidea Berta p. 155
2018Arctoidea Wang et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoreo
Diet 2: omnivoreo
Created: 2005-08-26 13:31:06
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:31:06
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Nowak 1999, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Chadronian to the top of the Holocene or 37.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 33.9 Ma

Collections (1908 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Nebraska) Parictis gilpini (16958 17040) Parictis sp. (17014)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Montana) Parictis montanus (16946 16988)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Campylocynodon personi (16907) Daphoenus sp. (17045) Parictis dakotensis (16974) Parictis gilpini (16933 16998 17024) Parictis sp. (16961 16962 16963 16964) Subparictis parvus (16960)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9Canada (Saskatchewan) Parictis parvus (16919)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Parictis dakotensis (16977)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (South Dakota) Parictis dakotensis (16913 16969) Parictis dakotensis, Parictis gilpini, Parictis parvus (16885) Parictis dakotensis, Parictis major (17006)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (South Dakota) Subparictis dakotensis (17094)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Wyoming) Parictis gilpini (17147)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Colorado) Drassonax harpagops (17082)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France (Quercy, Midi-Pyrenees Region) Amphicynodon gracilis (31583)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4France (Auvergne Region) Amphicynodon velaunus (31767)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia Amphicticeps shackelfordi, Pachycynodon teilhardi (53979) Amphicticeps shacklefordi, Amphicticeps dorog (53977)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Mongolia (Övörkhangai) Amphicticeps makhchinus, Amphicynodon teilhardi (53978) Amphicynodon sp., Amphicynodon teilhardi (180961 201191)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Nei Mongol) Amphicynodon sp. (174759) Amphicynodon sp., Pachycynodon tedfordi (175386) Cephalogale sp. (175387)
MP 2133.9 - 28.4Czech Republic Cephalogale sp. (91467)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France (Midi-Pyrenées) Pachycynodon boriei, Pachycynodon sp., Arctoidea indet., Pachycynodon crassirostris (167513) Pachycynodon boriei, Pachycynodon sp., Pachycynodon filholi, Amphicynodon sp. 2, Arctoidea indet., Pachycynodon crassirostris, Amphicynodon typicus, Pachycynodon dubius, Peignictis pseudamphictis (167537)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France Amphicynodon leptorhynchus, Pachycynodon borei, Cephalogale minor (183452)
MP 2233.9 - 28.4France (Quercy) Pachycynodon sp. (179142) Pachycynodon sp. 1, Cephalogale sp. (179140)
MP 2333.9 - 28.4France (Quercy) Adelpharctos mirus, Amphicynodon typicus (36709) Amphicynodon leptorhynchus, Amphicynodon typicus (36711)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1USA (South Carolina) Phocidae indet. (58985)