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Phocidae (seal)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae

Taxonomy
Phocidae was named by Gray (1821). It is extant.

It was assigned to Amphibiae by Gray (1821); to Ferae by Gray (1825); to Musteloidea by Tedford (1976) and Muizon (1982); to Arctoidea by Carroll (1988); to Pinnipedia by Bonaparte (1849), Bonaparte (1850), Gill (1866), Gray (1871), Allen (1880), Flower (1883), Trouessart (1898), Trouessart (1904), Kellogg (1922), Dal Piaz (1929), Hay (1930), Stirling (1971), Ginsburg and Janvier (1971), Thomas et al. (1982), Berta et al. (1989), Berta (1991), Nowak (1991), Berta (1994) and Davis et al. (2004); to Carnivora by Cozzuol (2001), Canto et al. (2010) and Koretsky and Domning (2014); to Pinnipedia by Cope (1889), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Hay (1902), Turner (1912), Zittel (1925), Weber (1928), Sherman (1952), Hendey (1974), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Kovacs and Lavigne (1986), Vidal (1991), Ginsburg and Janvier (1999), Adam (2004), Diedrich (2011) and Boessenecker and Churchill (2016); to Phocoidea by Scheffer and Rice (1963), Riedman (1990), Ling and Bryden (1992), Berta (1994), McKenna and Bell (1997), Rice (1998), Koretsky (2001), Rice (2002), Berta (2002), Koretsky and Grigorescu (2002), Deméré et al. (2003), Rice (2009), Koretsky et al. (2012), Koretsky and Rahmat (2013), Koretsky et al. (2014), Boessenecker and Churchill (2015), Koretsky et al. (2015) and Rahmat and Koretsky (2016); and to Pinnipedia by Ameghino (1889), Valenzuela-Toro et al. (2015), Valenzuela-Toro et al. (2015), Berta (2017), Dewaele and Lambert (2018) and Berta (2018).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1821Phocidae Gray p. 302
1825Phocidae Gray p. 340
1849Phocidae Bonaparte p. 618
1850Phocidae Bonaparte p. 1
1850Manatus maeoticus Eichwald
1860Manatus maeoticus Nordmann p. 330
1860Phoca ambigua Staring
1866Phocidae Gill p. 5
1871Phocidae Gray p. 1
1880Phocidae Allen p. 412
1883Phocidae Flower p. 186
1889Phocidae Ameghino p. 342
1889Phocidae Cope p. 876
1891Phocidae Flower and Lydekker p. 91
1898Phocidae Trouessart p. 377
1902Phocidae Hay p. 784
1904Phocidae Trouessart p. 282
1912Phocidae Turner p. 177
1922Phocidae Kellogg p. 44
1924Phoca novorossica Alekseev p. 202 figs. Plate 1, Figures 8-11
1925Phoca novorossica Alekseev p. 138
1925Phoca bessarabica Simonescu
1925Phocidae Zittel p. 78
1928Phocidae Weber p. 351
1929Phocidae Dal Piaz p. 71
1930Phocidae Hay p. 561
1931Phoca bessarabica Simionescu p. 187
1937Miophoca vetusta Zapfe
1937Miophoca Zapfe p. 275
1937Miophoca vetusta Zapfe p. 275 figs. Figure 1
1944Phoca bessarabica Macarovici p. 136
1944Manatus maeoticus Macarovici p. 137
1947Monachus (Miophoca) Friant p. 6
1947Monachus (Miophoca) vetusta Friant p. 6
1947Phoca (Phoca) bessarabica Friant p. 7
1947Phoca (Phoca) novorossica Friant p. 7
1950Pristiphoca (Miophoca) Thenius p. 106
1950Pristiphoca (Miophoca) vetusta Thenius p. 107
1952Phocidae Sherman p. 90
1960Phoca bessarabica McLaren p. 58
1960Phoca novorossica McLaren p. 58
1963Phocidae Scheffer and Rice p. 3
1971Phocidae Ginsburg and Janvier p. 162
1971Phocidae Stirling pp. 1-3
1974Phocidae Hendey p. 66
1976Phocidae Tedford p. 372
1980Phocidae Kurten and Anderson p. 204
1982Phocidae Muizon p. 262 figs. Fig. 1
1982Phocidae Thomas et al. p. 1
1986Phocidae Kovacs and Lavigne p. 1
1988Phocidae Carroll
1989Phocidae Berta et al. p. 61 figs. Fig. 3
1990Phocidae Riedman p. 57 figs. Table 2
1991Phocidae Berta p. 29 figs. Fig. 22
1991Phocidae Nowak
1991Phocidae Vidal p. 6
1992Phocidae Ling and Bryden p. 1
1994Phocidae Berta p. 25 figs. Fig. 21
1997Phocidae McKenna and Bell p. 254
1998Phocidae Rice
1999Phocidae Ginsburg and Janvier p. 170
2001Phocidae Cozzuol p. 415
2001Phocidae Koretsky p. 33
2001Miophoca Koretsky p. 87
2001Miophoca vetusta Koretsky p. 87
2002Phocidae Berta p. 923
2002Phocidae Koretsky and Grigorescu p. 150
2002Phocidae Rice p. 231 figs. Table 1
2003Phocidae Deméré et al. p. 49 figs. Fig. 3.3
2003Pristiphoca vetusta Deméré et al. p. 63
2004Phocidae Adam p. 1
2004Phocidae Davis et al. p. 372
2009Phocidae Rice p. 235 figs. Table 1
2010Phocidae Canto et al. p. 22
2011Phocidae Diedrich p. 916
2012Phocidae Koretsky et al. p. 5
2013Phocidae Koretsky and Rahmat p. 330
2014Phocidae Koretsky and Domning p. 224
2014Phocidae Koretsky et al. p. 421
2015Phocidae Boessenecker and Churchill p. 3
2015Phocidae Koretsky et al. p. 58
2015Phocidae Valenzuela-Toro et al.
2015Phocidae Valenzuela-Toro et al. p. 4
2016Phocidae Boessenecker and Churchill
2016Phocidae Rahmat and Koretsky p. 73
2017Phocidae Berta p. 156
2018Phocidae Berta p. 713 figs. Fig. 2
2018Phocidae Dewaele and Lambert p. 6

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Pinnipedimorpha
Pinnipedia()
familyPhocidae
familyPhocidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available