|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
It was synonymized subjectively with Canis by Van Gelder (1978).
It was assigned to Vulpini by Tedford et al. (2009); and to Canidae by Frisch (1775), Schultz and Howard (1935), Wilson (1967), Kurten (1968), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Hall (1981), Carroll (1988), Wozencraft (1989), Wilson and Reeder (1993), Geraads (1997), Werdelin and Peigne (2010) and Geraads et al. (2015).
|Year||Name and author|
|1758||Canis alopex Linnaeus p. 40|
|1935||Vulpes Schultz and Howard p. 284|
|1967||Vulpes Wilson p. 211|
|1968||Vulpes Kurten p. 114|
|1980||Vulpes Kurten and Anderson p. 173|
|1993||Vulpes Wilson and Reeder|
|1997||Vulpes Geraads p. 151|
|2009||Vulpes Tedford et al. p. 47|
|2010||Vulpes Werdelin and Peigne p. 618|
|2015||Vulpes Geraads et al.|
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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
|R. H. Tedford et al. 2009||Vulpes differs from Leptocyon in the following features that constitute synapomorphies with all higher Caninae: medial cusplet on I3 absent; zygo- ma strongly arched in lateral view; metatarsal I reduced to proximal rudiment; humerus lacks entepicondylar foramen. Vulpes shares three synapomorphies with other Vulpini: broad paroccipital process; M1 parastyle very weak and separated from preparacrista; and symplesiomorphic presence of M2 meta- conule and associated postprotocrista. Short nasals that rarely extend to level of most posterior position of maxillary-frontal suture is autapomorphic (this feature appears as a homoplasy in a number of Canis species).|