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Sylvilagus (cottontail rabbit)

Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1867Sylvilagus Gray
1935Sylvilagus Schultz and Howard p. 278
1958Sylvilagus Dawson p. 60
1980Sylvilagus Kurten and Anderson p. 280
1989Sylvilagus Shoshani et al. p. 436
1997Sylvilagus McKenna and Bell
2005Sylvilagus Cisneros p. 245
2006Sylvilagus Salles et al. p. 9

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
EuarchontogliresMurphy et al. 2001
Glires()
Duplicidentata()
orderLagomorphaBrandt 1885
familyLeporidae
subfamilyLeporinaeTrouessart 1880
genusSylvilagusGray 1867

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-08-26 13:52:57
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Calabrian to the top of the Holocene or 1.80600 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 1.8 Ma

Collections (249 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (19752) Sylvilagus sp. (19753) Sylvilagus webbi (19754)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (California) Sylvilagus hibbardi (19709 19737 19738 20115 20122) Sylvilagus sp. (19740 20113 20114) Sylvilagus sp., Sylvilagus hibbardi (20116 20117 20118 20119 20120 20121)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Arizona) Lepus sp. (20303) Sylvilagus hibbardi (19650) Sylvilagus sp. (19646 19658)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Nebraska) Sylvilagus sp. (19955)
Blancan4.9 - 1.8USA (Texas) Sylvilagus hibbardi (20033 20034)
Blancan - Irvingtonian4.9 - 0.3USA (California) Sylvilagus sp. (20298)
Blancan - Irvingtonian4.9 - 0.3USA (Arizona) Sylvilagus cunicularis (19652)
Blancan - Irvingtonian4.9 - 0.3USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus webbi (98313) Sylvilagus sp., Sylvilagus webbi (19750)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene2.588 - 0.126El Salvador Sylvilagus sp. (70118)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (South Carolina) Sylvilagus sp. (65405)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (Maryland) Sylvilagus floridanus (126660)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Mexico (Oaxaca) Sylvilagus sp. (71305)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (Tennessee) Sylvilagus floridanus (74246)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (Illinois) Lepus sylvaticus (93526)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117USA (West Virginia) Sylvilagus sp. (123875)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Brazil (Sao Paulo) Sylvilagus sp. (147815)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0USA (Texas) Sylvilagus auduboni (93258)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (20384)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (20351 20520) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus palustris (20475) Sylvilagus sp. (20289 20400 20402 20415) Sylvilagus webbi (20308 20350 20385)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Illinois) Sylvilagus sp. (20292)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (New Mexico) Sylvilagus sp. (20505 20512 20514)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Arkansas) Sylvilagus floridanus (20290)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Iowa) Sylvilagus sp. (20556)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3Mexico (Aguascalientes) Sylvilagus audubonii (20283)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (South Dakota) Sylvilagus floridanus (20389)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Colorado) Sylvilagus sp. (20150 20349 20477 20559)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Alabama) Sylvilagus sp. (20281 20282)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Nebraska) Sylvilagus sp. (20143 20154)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Kansas) Sylvilagus floridanus (20390) Sylvilagus sp. (20165 20168 20295 20301 20312 20422 20423)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Pennsylvania) Sylvilagus floridanus (20479) Sylvilagus sp. (20354)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (California) Sylvilagus hibbardi (20129) Sylvilagus sp. (20173 20177 20178 20187 20191 20200 20205 20214 20228 20244 20246 20247 20248 20374 20454 20460 20464 20472 20474 20528 26548 28221 28223) Sylvilagus sp., Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus hibbardi (20125) Sylvilagus sp., Sylvilagus hibbardi (20123 20124 20126 20127 20128)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Arizona) Sylvilagus audubonii (20447) Sylvilagus sp. (20341 20445 20446)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Texas) Sylvilagus floridanus (20164) Sylvilagus hibbardi (20337) Sylvilagus sp. (20318 20342 20420 20498 20530)
Irvingtonian - Rancholabrean1.8 - 0.012USA (Kansas) Sylvilagus sp. (20492)
Irvingtonian - Rancholabrean1.8 - 0.012USA (California) Sylvilagus bachmani (20323)
Middle Pleistocene (glacial)0.781 - 0.126USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (75974)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126USA (Nebraska) Sylvilagus floridanus (34382)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126USA (Colorado) Sylvilagus sp. (20370)
Lujanian0.781 - 0.012Colombia (Huila) Sylvilagus floridanus (71285)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Sylvilagus palustris (20440) Sylvilagus sp. (20491)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (California) Sylvilagus sp. (85314 200313)
Rancholabrean (glacial)0.3 - 0.012USA (California) Sylvilagus audubonii (20624)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012Mexico (Sonora) Sylvilagus sp. (20495)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Wyoming) Sylvilagus sp. (93181)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (high glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Sylvilagus floridanus (93103) Sylvilagus sp. (74470)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) Sylvilagus sp. (82258) Sylvilagus transitionalis (103991)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (154805) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus palustris (20638 74292) Sylvilagus palustris (34269)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (high glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (New Mexico) Sylvilagus audubonii, Sylvilagus nuttalli (76059) Sylvilagus sp., Sylvilagus nuttalli (76060)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Oklahoma) Sylvilagus sp. (93178)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Arizona) Sylvilagus sp. (20619)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Alabama) Sylvilagus sp. (84195)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Honduras Sylvilagus sp. (190753)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117Canada (Alberta) Sylvilagus floridanus (20615)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus palustris (20604) Sylvilagus sp. (20613)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (20571 20593 20594 20595 20629 20647) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus palustris (20572 20634 20650) Sylvilagus sp. (20573 20636 79667)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (New Mexico) Sylvilagus audubonii, Sylvilagus floridanus (93141) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus auduboni (93281)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Tennessee) Sylvilagus aquaticus (63427) Sylvilagus floridanus (63424 63426)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Mexico (Nuevo Leon) Sylvilagus leonensis (71345)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Sylvilagus floridanus (20586)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Colorado) Sylvilagus sp. (74953 74954)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Sylvilagus audubonii, Sylvilagus floridanus (74473 79632) Sylvilagus floridanus (93527) Sylvilagus sp. (79683)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Sylvilagus transitionalis (13066)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Sylvilagus bachmani, Sylvilagus auduboni (155393)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (154722)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Lepus audubonii (74235 93250) Sylvilagus bachmani (20639) Sylvilagus sp. (73752 106400)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Texas) Sylvilagus sp. (79581 79582 93143 93259)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Sylvilagus sp. (20579 20622 20623 20642)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Mexico (Tamaulipas) Sylvilagus floridanus (71264)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Montana) Sylvilagus nuttallii (162128)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Sylvilagus floridanus (20598 20608) Sylvilagus floridanus, Sylvilagus palustris (154771) Sylvilagus sp. (154921)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (West Virginia) Sylvilagus spp. (123868 124198 124199)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Missouri) Sylvilagus aquaticus (93379)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (New Mexico) Sylvilagus sp. (93378)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Mexico (Baja California) Sylvilagus sp. (191984)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Virginia) Sylvilagus floridanus (104682 104684) Sylvilagus sp. (104689 104691)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Mexico (Chihuahua) Sylvilagus audubonii (71263)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Missouri) Sylvilagus sp. (63563 63565 63566 63567 63568 63569 63570 63571)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0USA (Arizona) Sylvilagus sp. (93374)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Utah) Sylvilagus nuttallii (93326)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Tennessee) Sylvilagus aquaticus, Sylvilagus floridanus (63429)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Virginia) Sylvilagus floridanus (104675) Sylvilagus sp. (104040 104690)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Ohio) Sylvilagus sp. (195062 195065 195066 195069)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Montana) Sylvilagus nuttallii (162133)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Tennessee) Sylvilagus floridanus (63428)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Arizona) Sylvilagus sp. (63709 63710 63711 63715 63716 63717 63718 63720 63721 63722 63725) Sylvilagus sp., Sylvilagus audubonii (63708 63712 63723 63724)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Panama Sylvilagus brasiliensis (21691)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Venezuela (Guarico) Sylvilagus floridanus (21686)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Texas) Sylvilagus audubonii (74474) Sylvilagus sp. (79583 79584 79585)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Peru Sylvilagus brasiliensis (21689 71326 71327 71328 71329)