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Periptychidae (condylarth)

Mammalia - Periptychidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1882Periptychidae Cope
1889Periptychidae Cope p. 876
1891Periptychidae Flower and Lydekker p. 90
1897Periptychidae Ameghino p. 439
1902Periptychidae Hay p. 693
1910Periptychidae Gregory p. 466
1911Periptychidae Jaekel p. 239
1977Periptychidae Chow et al.
1979Periptychidae Zhang et al.
1983Periptychidae Archibald et al. p. 3
1988Periptychidae Carroll
1998Periptychidae Archibald p. 299
2004Periptychidae Kielan-Jaworowska et al. pp. 495, 514-515
2008Periptychidae McKenna and Honey p. 32

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
suborderEupelycosauria
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Theriamorpha(Rowe 1993)
Theriiformes()
Trechnotheria
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
Boreoeutheria
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Bulbulodentata
familyPeriptychidaeCope 1882
familyPeriptychidaeCope 1882

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Periptychidae Cope 1882 [condylarth]
show all | hide all
G. †Alticonus Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
+
Alticonus gazini Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
G. †Ampliconus Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
+
Ampliconus antoni Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
Ampliconus browni Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
Subfm. †Anisonchinae Osborne and Earle 1895
+
G. †Haploconus Cope 1882
+
Haploconus angustus Cope 1881
+
Invalid names: Haploconus corniculatus Cope 1888 [synonym], Haploconus inopinatus Gazin 1939 [synonym], Haploconus xiphodon Cope 1882 [synonym]
Haploconus elachistus Gazin 1941
Haploconus entoconus Cope 1882
+
Invalid names: Anisonchus coniferus Cope 1882 [synonym]
Haploconus lineatus Cope 1882
G. †Pseudanisonchus Zhang et al. 1979
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Pseudanisonchus antelios Zhang et al. 1979
G. †Anisonchus Cope 1881
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Anisonchus athelas Van Valen 1978
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Invalid names: Anisonchus eowynae Van Valen 1978 [synonym]
Anisonchus fortunatus Simpson 1932
Anisonchus oligistus Gazin 1941
Anisonchus onostus Gazin 1939
Anisonchus sectorius Cope 1881
+
Invalid names: Anisonchus dracus Gazin 1939 [synonym], Mioclaenus mandibularis Cope 1881 [synonym], Zetodon gracilis Cope 1883 [synonym]
Anisonchus willeyi Rigby, Jr. 1980
Invalid names: Zetodon Cope 1883 [synonym]
G. †Auraria Middleton and Dewar 2004
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Auraria urbana Middleton and Dewar 2004
G. †Beornus Atteberry and Eberle 2021
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Beornus honeyi Atteberry and Eberle 2021
G. †Conacodon Matthew 1897
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Conacodon cophater Cope 1884
Conacodon delphae Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
Conacodon harbourae Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
Conacodon hettingeri Atteberry and Eberle 2021
Conacodon kohlbergeri Archibald et al. 1983
+
Invalid names: Conacodon utahensis Robison 1986 [synonym]
Conacodon matthewi Middleton and Dewar 2004
G. †Escatepos Reynolds 1936
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Escatepos campi Reynolds 1936
G. †Goleroconus McKenna and Honey 2008
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Goleroconus alfi McKenna and Honey 2008
G. †Hemithlaeus Cope 1882
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Hemithlaeus josephi Van Valen 1978
G. †Miniconus Atteberry and Eberle 2021
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Miniconus archibaldi Middleton and Dewar 2004
Miniconus jeanninae Atteberry and Eberle 2021
G. †Mithrandir Cifelli 1983
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Mithrandir gillianus Cope 1882
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Invalid names: Anisonchus apiculatus Cope 1884 [synonym]
Invalid names: Gillisonchus Rigby 1981 [synonym]
G. †Oxyacodon Osborn and Earle 1895
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Oxyacodon agapetillus Cope 1884
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Invalid names: Fimbrethil ambaronae Van Valen 1978 [synonym]
Oxyacodon apiculatus Osborn and Earle 1895
Oxyacodon ferronensis Archibald et al. 1983
Oxyacodon marshater Van Valen 1978
Oxyacodon priscilla Matthew 1937
Invalid names: Fimbrethil Van Valen 1978 [synonym]
G. †Paleoungulatum Kelly 2014
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Paleoungulatum hooleyi Kelly 2014
Subfm. †Periptychinae Osborn and Earle 1895
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G. †Ectoconus Cope 1884
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Ectoconus cavigellii Eberle and Lillegraven 1998
Ectoconus ditrigonus Cope 1882
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Invalid names: Ectoconus majusculus Matthew 1937 [synonym]
Ectoconus symbolus Gazin 1941
G. †Periptychus Cope 1881
+
+
Invalid names: Catathlaeus rhabdodon Cope 1881 [synonym], Eohyus robustus Marsh 1894 [synonym], Periptychus gilmorei Gazin 1938 [synonym], Periptychus superstes Matthew 1935 [synonym]
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Invalid names: Periptychus brabensis Cope 1888 [synonym], Periptychus hamaxitus Gazin 1941 [synonym], Periptychus matthewi Simpson 1936 [synonym], Plagioptychus matthewi Simpson 1936 [synonym]
Invalid names: Carsioptychus Simpson 1936 [synonym], Catathlaeus Cope 1881 [synonym], Plagioptychus Matthew 1936 [synonym]
G. †Tinuviel Van Valen 1978
+
Tinuviel eurydice Van Valen 1978
Invalid names: Conacodontinae Archibald et al. 1983 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: herbivoref
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Comments: Periptychus ate "tough, fibrous plant material" but "Some of the smaller taxa... probably ate higher-energy diets, which may have included fruits, nuts, or even insects"f
Created: 2005-08-31 14:00:01
Modified: 2005-08-31 16:00:01
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Ji et al. 2002, Hendy et al. 2009, Lillegraven 1979, Carroll 1988, Archibald 1998

Age range: base of the Middle Turonian to the top of the Middle Paleocene or 93.50000 to 58.70000 Ma

Collections (183 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Periptychidae indet. (58168)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Paleoungulatum hooleyi (183109)
Pu366.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Oxyacodon ferronensis (14738)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Utah) Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus oligistus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Periptychus hamaxitus (14736) Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus oligistus, Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon marshater, Carsioptychus hamaxitus, Conacodon utahensis, Haploconus sp., Periptychus hamaxitus (14790) Anisonchus athelas, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Conacodon utahensis (14739) Ectoconus sp., Ectoconus symbolus, Periptychus hamaxitus (14748) Haploconus sp., Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus onostus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Ectoconus symbolus, Haploconus elachistus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Periptychus coarctatus (14692) Oxyacodon sp., Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Periptychus coarctatus (14670) Periptychidae indet., Ectoconus maiusculus, Anisonchus oligistus (224186)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (New Mexico) Conacodon cophater, Conacodon entoconus, Conacodon kohlbergeri, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Escatepos campi, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus, Fimbrethil ambaronae (14760) Conacodon entoconus, Conacodon kohlbergeri, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14703) Conacodon entoconus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14794) Conacodon sp., Hemithlaeus sp., Anisonchus sp., Carsioptychus sp., Ectoconus sp. (14661) Oxyacodon apiculatus, Conacodon sp., Ectoconus sp., Gillisonchus gillianus, Plagioptychus matthewi (14662) Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14795)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Wyoming) Ampliconus antoni, Conacodon harbourae, Miniconus jeanninae, Beornus honeyi, Conacodon hettingeri (174233) Conacodon cophater (14727) Conacodon cophater, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14716) Conacodon cophater, Mithrandir gillianus (14723) Ectoconus ditrigonus (14717) Mithrandir gillianus (14707 14714 14718 14724 14726 14728) Mithrandir gillianus, Ampliconus browni (14713) Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus (14731) Oxyacodon apiculatus (14734) Oxyacodon josephi (14808) Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus (14720) Periptychidae indet., Alticonus gazini, Ampliconus antoni, Ectoconus cavigellii, Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus, Oxyacodon priscilla (14797) Periptychidae indet., Ectoconus sp., Conacodon delphae, Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus, Conacodon harbourae (14722) Periptychidae indet., Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus (14706) Periptychidae indet., Periptychus coarctatus (14719) Periptychus coarctatus (14721 14733)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (North Dakota) Oxyacodon priscilla (14765)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Anisonchus oligistus, Oxyacodon agapetillus (14768) Periptychidae indet. (14737)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Colorado) Ampliconus browni (176863) Anisonchus athelas, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14792) Carsioptychus coarctatus (176748 205865 205867 205895 205900 205901 205903 205907 205908 205910 205914 205928 209872 209892 209904 209921 209924 209943 209946 209957 209964 209968 209976 210033) Carsioptychus coartatus (206072 206084) Carsioptychus sp. (206071) Conacodon delphae (14689) Conacodon delphae, Periptychus coarctatus (14678) Conacodon entoconus (205919) Conacodon entoconus, Periptychus coarctatus (14683) Conacodon harbourae (88207) Ectoconus ditrigonus (14684 14687 14688 205863 205864 205868 205871 205881 205886 209900 209983 209997) Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14679) Oxyacodon archibaldi, Conacodon matthewi, Auraria urbana, Ampliconus browni, Tinuviel gazini (14658) Periptychidae indet. (205873) Periptychus coarctatus (14659 14677 14680 14681 14682 14685 14686 14746 14750 14793) Tinuviel gazini (14774)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Anisonchus oligistus, Tinuviel eurydice, Oxyacodon josephi (14766) Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Tinuviel eurydice (14745) Oxyacodon ferronensis (14799 218648 218649 218654) Oxyacodon ferronensis, Tinuviel eurydice (14744) Periptychidae indet. (14759 14761) Periptychidae indet., Anisonchus sp., Oxyacodon sp. (14809)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7China (Guangdong) Ectoconus sp. (176607)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (Texas) Periptychus sp. (226343)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (Louisiana) Anisonchus fortunatus (14857)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Anisonchus sectorius (14906 14915 14917 14918 14919 14920) Periptychus sp. (14885)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Anisonchus sectorius (14810 14831 14861 14866 14891) Anisonchus sectorius, Haploconus angustus (14869) Anisonchus sectorius, Haploconus angustus, Periptychus carinidens (14815 14824 14865) Anisonchus sectorius, Periptychus carinidens (14811 14816 14832 14833 14835 14859 14868 14893) Haploconus angustus, Periptychus carinidens (14826 14827 14877) Periptychus carinidens (14825 14834 14856 14860 14863 14867 14888 14890 14892) Periptychus rhabdodon (14814 14819) Periptychus sp., Anisonchus sectorius, Haploconus angustus, Periptychus carinidens (14873)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Utah) Anisonchus onostus, Anisonchus dracus, Periptychus gilmorei (14830) Anisonchus sp., Anisonchus oligistus, Periptychus hamaxitus (14883) Haploconus inopinatus (14889)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Texas) Carsioptychus coarctatus, Haploconus inopinatus (14829) Periptychus carinidens (14948 226344) Periptychus sp., Periptychus superstes (14975) Periptychus superstes (14884)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Wyoming) Anisonchus sectorius (14880 14897 14898 14902 14905 14912) Haploconus sp., Anisonchus sectorius, Anisonchus willeyi, Periptychus carinidens (14886)
Torrejonian - Tiffanian63.3 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Periptychus carinidens (14820 14839 14844 14858)
Middle Paleocene61.7 - 58.7China (Jiangxi) Pseudanisonchus antelios (176612)
Ti161.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Periptychidae indet. (14939)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Anisonchus sectorius (15038 15047 15050 15053)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Anisonchus sectorius (14983) Anisonchus sectorius, Peryptychus carinidens (15067) Periptychus sp. (14984)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (California) Conacodontinae indet., Goleroconus alfi (14872) Goleroconus alfi (224217)