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Periptychidae (condylarth)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Periptychidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1882Periptychidae Cope
1889Periptychidae Cope p. 876
1891Periptychidae Flower and Lydekker p. 90
1897Periptychidae Ameghino p. 439
1902Periptychidae Hay p. 693
1910Periptychidae Gregory p. 466
1911Periptychidae Jaekel p. 239
1977Periptychidae Chow et al.
1979Periptychidae Zhang et al.
1983Periptychidae Archibald et al. p. 3
1988Periptychidae Carroll
1998Periptychidae Archibald p. 299
2004Periptychidae Kielan-Jaworowska et al. pp. 495, 514-515
2008Periptychidae McKenna and Honey p. 32

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
Bulbulodentata
familyPeriptychidaeCope 1882
familyPeriptychidaeCope 1882

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: herbivoref
Comments: Periptychus ate "tough, fibrous plant material" but "Some of the smaller taxa... probably ate higher-energy diets, which may have included fruits, nuts, or even insects"f
Created: 2005-08-31 14:00:01
Modified: 2005-08-31 16:00:01
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Archibald 1998, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Middle Turonian to the top of the Tiffanian or 93.50000 to 56.80000 Ma

Collections (203 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Periptychidae indet. (58168)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Paleoungulatum hooleyi (183109)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Wyoming) Conacodon cophater (14727) Conacodon cophater, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14716) Conacodon cophater, Mithrandir gillianus (14723) Ectoconus ditrigonus (14717) Maiorana noctiluca, Mimatuta minuial, Oxyacodon josephi (14808) Mimatuta makpialutae (14807) Mimatuta sp. (14725 14796 174233) Mimatuta sp., Maiorana ferrisensis (14711) Mithrandir gillianus (14707 14714 14718 14724 14726 14728) Mithrandir gillianus, Ampliconus browni (14713) Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus (14731) Oxyacodon apiculatus (14734) Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus (14720) Periptychidae indet., Alticonus gazini, Ampliconus antoni, Ectoconus cavigellii, Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus, Oxyacodon priscilla (14797) Periptychidae indet., Ectoconus sp., Conacodon delphae, Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus, Conacodon harbourae (14722) Periptychidae indet., Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus (14706) Periptychidae indet., Periptychus coarctatus (14719) Periptychus coarctatus (14721 14733)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Anisonchus oligistus, Tinuviel eurydice, Oxyacodon josephi (14766) Mimatuta minuial (14694 14701 14762 14786) Mimatuta minuial, Mimatuta morgoth (14705) Mimatuta morgoth (14671 14672 14675 14699 14741 14742 14749 14754 14782 14798 108198 108199) Mimatuta sp. (14668 14669 14740 14767 14770 14773 14776 14780 14784 14785 14789 14801 14802) Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta minuial (193844) Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta minuial, Mimatuta morgoth (14777 14788) Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta morgoth (14751 14763 14771 14787) Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Tinuviel eurydice (14745) Oxyacodon ferronensis (14738 14799) Oxyacodon ferronensis, Tinuviel eurydice (14744) Periptychidae indet., Anisonchus sp., Oxyacodon sp. (14809) Periptychidae indet., Mimatuta minuial (14761) Periptychidae indet., Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta sp. (14759)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Anisonchus oligistus, Oxyacodon agapetillus (14768) Mimatuta sp. (14756) Periptychidae indet. (14737)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (New Mexico) Conacodon cophater, Conacodon entoconus, Conacodon kohlbergeri, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Escatepos campi, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus, Fimbrethil ambaronae (14760) Conacodon entoconus, Conacodon kohlbergeri, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14703) Conacodon entoconus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14794) Conacodon sp., Hemithlaeus sp., Anisonchus sp., Carsioptychus sp., Ectoconus sp. (14661) Oxyacodon apiculatus, Conacodon sp., Ectoconus sp., Gillisonchus gillianus, Plagioptychus matthewi (14662) Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14795)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Utah) Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus oligistus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Periptychus hamaxitus (14736) Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus oligistus, Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon marshater, Conacodon utahensis, Haploconus sp., Periptychus hamaxitus (14790) Anisonchus athelas, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Conacodon utahensis (14739) Ectoconus sp., Ectoconus symbolus, Periptychus hamaxitus (14748) Haploconus sp., Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus onostus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Ectoconus symbolus, Haploconus elachistus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Periptychus coarctatus (14692) Oxyacodon sp., Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Periptychus coarctatus (14670)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Texas) Carsioptychus coarctatus, Haploconus inopinatus (14829)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (North Dakota) Oxyacodon priscilla (14765)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Colorado) Anisonchus athelas, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14792) Carsioptychus coarctatus (176748 205865 205867 205895 205900 205901 205903 205907 205908 205910 205914 205928) Carsioptychus coartatus (206072 206084) Carsioptychus sp. (206071) Conacodon delphae (14689) Conacodon delphae, Periptychus coarctatus (14678) Conacodon entoconus (205919) Conacodon entoconus, Periptychus coarctatus (14683) Conacodon harbourae (88207) Ectoconus ditrigonus (14684 14687 14688 205863 205864 205868 205871 205881 205886) Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14679) Maiorana sp., Ampliconus browni (176863) Oxyacodon archibaldi, Conacodon matthewi, Auraria urbana, Ampliconus browni, Tinuviel gazini (14658) Periptychidae indet. (205873) Periptychus coarctatus (14659 14677 14680 14681 14682 14685 14686 14746 14750 14793) Tinuviel gazini (14774)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guang-dong (Kwantung)) Ectoconus sp. (176607)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Texas) Periptychus superstes (14884)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Anisonchus sectorius (14906 14915 14917 14918 14919 14920) Periptychus sp. (14885)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Louisiana) Anisonchus fortunatus (14857)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Utah) Anisonchus onostus, Anisonchus dracus, Periptychus gilmorei (14830) Anisonchus sp., Anisonchus oligistus, Periptychus hamaxitus (14883) Haploconus inopinatus (14889)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Anisonchus sectorius (14810 14831 14861 14866 14891) Anisonchus sectorius, Haploconus angustus (14869) Anisonchus sectorius, Haploconus angustus, Periptychus carinidens (14815 14824 14865) Anisonchus sectorius, Periptychus carinidens (14811 14816 14832 14833 14835 14859 14868 14893) Haploconus angustus, Periptychus carinidens (14826 14827 14877) Periptychus carinidens (14825 14834 14856 14860 14863 14867 14888 14890 14892) Periptychus rhabdodon (14814 14819) Periptychus sp., Anisonchus sectorius, Haploconus angustus, Periptychus carinidens (14873)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Wyoming) Anisonchus sectorius (14880 14897 14898 14902 14905 14912) Haploconus sp., Anisonchus sectorius, Anisonchus willeyi, Periptychus carinidens (14886)
Torrejonian - Tiffanian63.3 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Periptychus carinidens (14820 14839 14844 14858)
Ti161.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Periptychidae indet. (14939)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Anisonchus sectorius (15038 15047 15050 15053)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (California) Conacodontinae indet. (14872)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Anisonchus sectorius (14983) Anisonchus sectorius, Peryptychus carinidens (15067) Periptychus sp. (14984)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Texas) Periptychus carinidens (14948) Periptychus sp., Periptychus superstes (14975)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8China (Jiang-xi (Kiangsi)) Pseudanisonchus antelios (176612)