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Choloepodinae

Mammalia - Megalonychidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2001Choloepodinae MacPhee
2001Choloepodinae White and MacPhee
2019Choloepodinae Varela et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Cladotheria
Zatheria
subclassTribosphenida()
subclassTheria
Eutheria()
Placentalia
Americatheria
Xenarthra()
infraorderPilosaFlower 1883
Folivora
classEufolivoraDelsuc et al. 2001
superfamilyMegatherioideaGray 1821
familyMegalonychidaeGervais 1855
subfamilyCholoepodinaeMacPhee 2001
subfamilyCholoepodinaeMacPhee 2001

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subfm. †Choloepodinae MacPhee 2001
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G. †Acratocnus Anthony 1916
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Acratocnus antillensis Matthew 1931
Acratocnus odontrigonus Anthony 1916
Acratocnus ye MacPhee et al. 2001
G. Choloepus Illiger 1811
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Choloepus andinus Allen 1913
Choloepus didactylus Linnaeus 1758 [Linnaeus's two toed sloth]
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Invalid names: Choloepus braziliensis Fitzinger 1871 [synonym], Choloepus curi Link 1795 [synonym], Choloepus didactylus columbianus Gray 1871 [synonym], Choloepus florenciae Allen 1913 [synonym], Choloepus guianensis Fitzinger 1871 [synonym], Choloepus napensis Lönnberg 1922 [synonym], Choloepus unau Link 1795 [synonym]
Choloepus hoffmanni Peters 1858 [Hoffmann's two-toed sloth]
G. †Neocnus Arredondo 1961
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Neocnus comes Miller 1929
Neocnus dousman MacPhee et al. 2001
Neocnus gliriformis Matthew 1931
Neocnus major Arredondo 1961
Neocnus toupiti MacPhee et al. 2001
G. †Paulocnus Hooijer 1962
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Paulocnus petrifactus Hooijer 1962
Invalid names: Acratocnini Varona 1974 [empty], Choloepodini Gray 1871 [empty], Cubanocnini Varona 1974 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: herbivoref
Reproduction: viviparoussubc
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-08-22 18:30:05
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Lillegraven 1979, Nowak 1991, Ji et al. 2002, Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Pleistocene to the top of the Holocene or 0.12900 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 0.0117 Ma

Collections (14 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao) Paulocnus petrifactus (176043)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Puerto Rico Acratocnus odontrigonus (78300)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Cuba Miocnus antillensis, Microcnus gliriformis (37704)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Cuba (Matanzas) Acratocnus antillensis, Neocnus gliriformis (152870)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.129 - 0.0Cuba (Mayabeque) Acratocnus sp., Miocnus antillensis, Microcnus gliriformis (153777)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.129 - 0.0Cuba (Artemisa) Miocnus antillensis, Microcnus gliriformis (195083)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.129 - 0.0Dominican Republic (La Altagracia) Acratocnus sp., Neocnus sp. (232040)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.129 - 0.0Dominican Republic (Pedernales) Acratocnus sp. (186696 186697) Acratocnus sp., Neocnus sp. (186695) Neocnus comes (186694)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Brazil (Districto Agropecura) Choloepus didactylus (21687)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Peru Choloepus hoffmanni (21689)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Panama Choloepus hoffmanni (21691)