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Crinoidea - Cyrtocrinida - Holopodidae

Holopodidae was named by Zittel (1879). Its type is Holopus.

It was assigned to Cyrtocrinida by Rasmussen (1961); and to Holopodina by Ubaghs et al. (1978), Žítt (1996) and Hess and Messing (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1879Holopodidae Zittel
1961Holopodidae Rasmussen p. 238
1978Holopodidae Ubaghs et al. p. T838
1996Holopodidae Žítt p. 234
2011Holopodidae Hess and Messing p. 198

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EubilateriaAx 1987
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)
orderCyrtocrinidaSieverts-Doreck 1953
suborderHolopodinaArendt 1974
familyHolopodidaeZittel 1879
familyHolopodidaeZittel 1879

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Holopodidae Zittel 1879
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G. Cyathidium Steenstrup 1846
Cyathidium depressum Sieverts 1932
Cyathidium gastaldii Michelin 1851
Cyathidium holopus Steenstrup 1847
Cyathidium senessei Valette 1934
Invalid names: Micropocrinus Michelin 1851 [synonym], Pseudocupressocrinus Valette 1934 [synonym]
G. Holopus Orbigny 1837
Holopus rangii d'Orbigny 1837
No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yessubc
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 16:27:36
Modified: 2004-02-28 18:27:36
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Aberhan 1992, Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Cenomanian to the top of the Badenian or 99.60000 to 12.70000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 93.5 Ma

Collections (12 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Poland (Lesser Poland) Cyathidium sp. (224101)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Cyathidium depressum (90514 90515 90516 146401 146501)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3France Pseudocupressocrinus senessei (59680)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Cyathidium vlieksi (32161)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Netherlands (Limburg) Cyathidium vlieksi (32169)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Netherlands Cyathidium vlieksi (32160)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Austria (Niederösterreich) Cyathidium sp. (87002)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Cyathidium sp. (224105)