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Giraffa (giraffe)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Giraffidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1762Giraffa Brisson p. 12
1988Giraffa Carroll
2003Giraffa Hassanin and Douzery p. 212
2003Giraffa Mitchell and Skinner p. 59
2008Giraffa Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 974 figs. Fig. 5
2010Giraffa Harris et al. p. 806
2010Giraffa Kahn et al. p. 122

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
familyGiraffidae
tribeGiraffini
genusGiraffa

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmean

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: browserg
Reproduction: viviparousf
Comments: diet based by MacFadden et al. (1999) on Walker (1975)g
Created: 2009-01-04 10:50:01
Modified: 2009-01-04 13:04:39
Source: g = genus, f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Solounias and Moelleken 1993, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Miocene to the top of the Holocene or 11.60800 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 11.1 Ma

Collections (170 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Tanzania Giraffa sp. (22063)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Giraffa gracilis (22224)
Miocene - Pleistocene23.03 - 0.0117South Africa Giraffa gracilis (22230)
MN 6 - MN 7 + 813.65 - 11.1India (Jammu and Kashmir) Giraffa priscilla (11797)
Tortonian - Zanclean11.62 - 3.6Ethiopia Giraffa sp. (22139)
Tortonian - Piacenzian11.62 - 2.588Kenya Giraffa sp. (22236) Giraffa stillei (22235)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Greece (Chalkidona) Giraffa attica (182746 182750)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey (Mugla) Giraffa sp. (13998)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Chad Giraffa jumae (24181)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Kenya Giraffa sp. (22274 22275 22316)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588South Africa (Cape) Giraffa sp., Giraffa gracillis (59167)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588Kenya (Turkana District) Giraffa sp. (21332)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Ethiopia Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (22160)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Kenya (Turkana District) Giraffa sp. (21336)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Kenya Giraffa pygmaea (21510)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6South Africa Giraffa sp. (22221 22222)
Ruscinian5.333 - 3.2Turkey (Ankara) Giraffa jumae (34370)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Georgia (Karthli) Giraffa sp. (40393)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Malawi Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (22559) Giraffa sp. (22271)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Kenya Giraffa stillei (22239 22321)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Chad Giraffa gracilis (22506)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Uganda Giraffa stillei (22261)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Ethiopia (Afar) Giraffa sp. (70907)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania Giraffa sp. (22477 22480)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania (Eastern Drift Valley) Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (32050)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Tanzania Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (21830)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Kenya Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (22234)
Pliocene - Calabrian5.333 - 0.781Kenya Giraffa sp., Giraffa pygmaea (21498) Giraffa stillei (21496 21502 21532)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Malawi Giraffa camelopardalis, Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (22323)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Kenya Giraffa sp. (21444) Giraffa sp., Giraffa pygmaea (21521) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei (21445 21448 21495) Giraffa stillei (21454) Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21472)
Zanclean - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Ethiopia Giraffa pygmaea (22197)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588South Africa Giraffa camelopardalis (22340) Giraffa gracilis (21713)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Ethiopia Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (21783 21785)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Tanzania Giraffa jumae (21789) Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (21787 21788 21793 21794 21795 21796 21798 21799 21800 21801 21802 21806 21807 21809 21810 21811 21812 21813 21831 21832) Giraffa stillei (21790 21792 21808)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Kenya Giraffa pygmaea (21431) Giraffa sp. (21407 21530) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae (21425 21536) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21485) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21484) Giraffa stillei (21459)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Kenya (Rift Valley) Giraffa sp. (21344)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Kenya Giraffa sp. (22349 22350)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Calabrian3.6 - 0.781Kenya Giraffa pygmaea (21464) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae (21458) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21367 21370) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei (21515) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21462) Giraffa stillei (21378)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Kenya (Rift Valley) Giraffa sp. (21280 21282 21283 21301 21353 21354)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Tanzania Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (21804 21805 21814) Giraffa sp. (22594 22595)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Kenya Giraffa jumae (21460) Giraffa pygmaea (21376) Giraffa sp. (21478) Giraffa sp., Giraffa pygmaea (21461 21471 21474 21504) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei (21398) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21457) Giraffa stillei (21503) Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21410)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Kenya Giraffa sp. (32057) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae (32051 32058) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21396)
Gelasian - Calabrian2.588 - 0.781Ethiopia (Ethiopian Rift) Giraffa sp. (22493) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae (22491 22492 22494)
Gelasian - Calabrian2.588 - 0.781Tanzania (Lake Natron Basin) Giraffa pygmaea (22552 22577)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Kenya Giraffa gracilis (21837) Giraffa sp. (38039) Giraffa sp., Giraffa camelopardalis (21963)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117South Africa Giraffa camelopardalis (21956)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Turkey Giraffa sp. (39314)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Ethiopia Giraffa jumae (22156) Giraffa sp. (22134 22177)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Kenya (Rift Valley) Giraffa sp. (21294 21343 21347 21348)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Japan Giraffa nipponica (51304)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Kenya Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae, Giraffa pygmaea (21514) Giraffa sp., Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21403) Giraffa sp., Giraffa stillei, Giraffa pygmaea (21402)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Algeria Giraffa pomeli (22584)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Tanzania Giraffa jumae (21971 21972 22041 22064 22617) Giraffa jumae, Giraffa stillei (21970) Giraffa sp. (22625 22626)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781South Africa Giraffa camelopardalis (21923)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Syria Giraffa camelopardalis (34105)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Ethiopia Giraffa jumae (22138)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Tanzania Giraffa camelopardalis (21893)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Kenya Giraffa sp., Giraffa camelopardalis (21276 21277)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117South Africa (Namaqualand) Giraffa sp. (51187)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Kenya (Athi-Kapiti) Giraffa camelopardalis (32119)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa Giraffa camelopardalis (21896)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Sudan Giraffa camelopardalis (21871 21902 21903 21904 21958)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Kenya Giraffa camelopardalis (21934 21935 21936 21938)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Tanzania Giraffa camelopardalis (21690)