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Samotherium

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Giraffidae

Taxonomy
Samotherium was named by Forsyth Major (1888). It is not extant.

It was assigned to Giraffidae by Carroll (1988); and to Palaeotraginae by Mitchell and Skinner (2003) and Harris et al. (2010).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1888Samotherium Forsyth Major
1988Samotherium Carroll
2003Samotherium Mitchell and Skinner p. 58
2010Samotherium Harris et al. p. 805

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
familyGiraffidae
subfamilyGiraffinae
tribePalaeotragini(Pilgrim 1911)
genusSamotheriumForsyth Major 1888

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerg
Reproduction: viviparousf
Comments: grazer based on premaxillary shape (Solounias and Moelleken 1993)g
Created: 2009-01-04 10:47:59
Modified: 2009-01-04 12:47:59
Source: g = genus, f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Solounias and Moelleken 1993, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Serravallian to the top of the Late/Upper Pliocene or 13.82000 to 2.58800 Ma

Collections (22 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Ukraine (Cherson) S. sp. (60256)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Kenya (Central Nyanza) S. africanum (21340)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Moldova S. boissieri (75802)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7Iraq S. boissieri (41735)
Vallesian11.608 - 8.7China (shaanxi) Paleotragus decipiens (42254)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333China S. sp. (195283 195284)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Algeria (Oran) S. sp. (136913)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Algeria S. sp. (34643)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey (Usak) S. major, S. ? sp. (34462)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey (Denizli) S. major (197642)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Greece (Euboea) S. sp. (195432)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333China (Shanxi) S. sp. (13477)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey S. sp. (56563)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333China (Gansu) S. sp. (42675)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Turkey S. sp. (151910)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Tajikistan (Sor) S. sp. (34392)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Greece (Central Macedonia) S. boissieri (32189)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Kazakhstan S. irtyshense (34436)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Egypt S. sp. (22592)
Early/Lower Pliocene - Late/Upper Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Egypt (Al Buhayrah) S. sp. (42119)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Russian Federation (West-Siberia) S. sp. (44866)