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Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulate)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla

Taxonomy
Perissodactyla was named by Owen (1848) [Owen does not give a rank in his original description of Perissodactyla. Owen does not give a rank in his original description of Perissodactyla. Owen does not give a rank in his original description of Perissodactyla.]. It is extant.

It was reranked as the suborder Perissodactyla by Lambe (1908) and Gregory (1910); it was reranked as the order Perissodactyla by Flower (1883), Ferrusquia-Villafranca (1969), McKenna (1975), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Kumar and Sahni (1985), Hooker (1986), MacFadden (1986), Carroll (1988), Prothero and Schoch (1989), Nowak (1991), Madsen et al. (2001), Prothero (2005), Symeonidis et al. (2006), Hulbert and Whitmore (2006), MacFadden (2009), Asher and Helgen (2010), Cooper et al. (2014) and Ferrusquía-Villafranca et al. (2014).

It was assigned to Diplarthra by Cope (1889) and Cope (1891); to Ungulata by Owen (1848), Flower (1883) and Ameghino (1894); to Ungulata by Flower and Lydekker (1891) and Lambe (1908); to Mesaxonia by Gregory (1910); to Phenacodonta by McKenna (1975); to Eutheria by Hooker (1986); to Altungulata by Prothero and Schoch (1989); to Eutheria by Carroll (1988) and Nowak (1991); to Zooamata by Waddell et al. (1999); to Laurasiatheria by Madsen et al. (2001); to Euungulata by Waddell et al. (2001) and Asher and Helgen (2010); to Placentalia by Cooper et al. (2014); and to Mammalia by Ferrusquia-Villafranca (1969), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Kumar and Sahni (1985), MacFadden (1986), Prothero (2005), Symeonidis et al. (2006), Hulbert and Whitmore (2006), MacFadden (2009) and Ferrusquía-Villafranca et al. (2014).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1848Perissodactyla Owen p. 131
1883Perissodactyla Flower p. 185
1889Perissodactyla Cope p. 876
1891Perissodactyla Cope p. 8
1891Perissodactyla Flower and Lydekker p. 90
1894Perissodactyla Ameghino p. 13
1897Hippopotamus iravaticus Noetling
1908Perissodactyla Lambe
1910Perissodactyla Gregory p. 466
1969Perissodactyla Ferrusquia-Villafranca
1975Perissodactyla McKenna p. 43
1981Perissodactyla Thurmond and Jones p. 182
1985Perissodactyla Kumar and Sahni p. 153
1986Perissodactyla Hooker p. 342
1986Perissodactyla MacFadden p. 467
1988Perissodactyla Carroll
1989Perissodactyla Prothero and Schoch p. 530
1991Perissodactyla Nowak
1997Selenida McKenna and Bell
1999Perissodactyla Waddell et al. p. 3
2001Perissodactyla Madsen et al. p. 610
2001Perissodactyla Waddell et al. p. 148
2005Perissodactyla Prothero
2006Perissodactyla Hulbert and Whitmore p. 13
2006Perissodactyla Symeonidis et al.
2009Perissodactyla MacFadden
2010Perissodactyla Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1
2014Perissodactyla Cooper et al. p. 3 fig. 3
2014Perissodactyla Ferrusquía-Villafranca et al. p. 204

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
orderPerissodactyla()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available