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Amynodontidae

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Amynodontidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
p. 4
YearName and author
1919Amynodontinae Peterson p. 130
1942Cadurcotheriinae Kretzoi
1942Paramynodontinae Kretzoi
1954Gigantamynodon Gromova
1954Gigantamynodon cessator Gromova
1955Amynodontidae Hough p. 32
1961Gigantamynodon giganteus Xu
1966Amynodontidae Radinsky p. 631
1986Amynodontidae Wall and Manning p. 911
1986Gigantamynodon Wall and Manning p. 917
1988Amynodontidae Carroll
1988Gigantamynodon Carroll
1989Amynodontidae Prothero and Schoch p. 534
1989Gigantamynodon Prothero and Schoch p. 534
1992Gigantamynodon Qi
1992Gigantamynodon maguanensis Qi
1996Amynodontidae Dashzeveg p. 8
1999Amynodontidae Holbrook p. 346
2016Amynodontidae Wang et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)
Ceratomorpha(Wood 1937)
superfamilyRhinocerotoidea
familyAmynodontidae
familyAmynodontidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: browserf
Created: 2005-08-31 15:05:00
Modified: 2005-08-31 17:05:00
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Wall 1998, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Middle Eocene to the top of the Early/Lower Pleistocene or 48.60000 to 0.78100 Ma

Collections (187 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Lushiamynodon kirghisensis (28490)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3Hungary Amynodontidae indet. (52670)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Kazakhstan Sharamynodon mongoliensis (180389)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Henan) Gigantamynodon sp., Amynodon sinensis, Amynodon mongoliensis, Lushiamynodon wuchengensis (180777) Lushiamynodon menchiapuensis, Sianodon honanensis (46193) Sianodon mienchiensis (42165) Sianodon sinensis (180849)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Guangxi) Amynodon sp., Gigantamynodon sp., Paramynodon sp. (190964)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Yunnan) Amynodon lunanensis, Amynodon sp. (180768) Amynodon sp., Metamynodon sp., Amynodon altidens (36668)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2China (Nei Mongol) Amynodon mongoliensis (174962) Amynodontidae indet. (28790) Amynodontidae indet., Amynodon mongoliensis, Sianodon ulausuensis, Gigantamynodon promisus, Lushiamynodon sharamurenensis (28786) Amynodontidae indet., Cadurcodon sp. (28789) Lushiamynodon sharamurenensis (28792) Rostriamynodon grangeri (11740)
Sharamurunian48.6 - 37.2Russian Federation Zaisanamynodon protheroi, Procadurcodon orientalis (192038)
Sharamurunian48.6 - 37.2China (Shanxi) Amynodon sinensis (41117) Amynodon sinensis, Amynodon mongoliensis (42197) Cadurcotherium ardynense, Amynodon mongoliensis, Cadurcodon ardynensis (42198) Cadurcotherium ardynense, Cadurcodon ardynensis (42194) Sianodon sinensis (41116)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Japan (Yamaguchi) Amynodon watanabei (183065)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Mongolia Amynodontidae indet. (39810)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9Japan Amynodon watanabei (183024) Zaisanamynodon protheroi (183063 183064)
Lutetian - Bartonian47.8 - 38.0Hungary Amynodontopsis bodei (191755)
Early/Lower Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Amynodon reedi (16669 16679) Amynodontidae indet. (16763)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Amynodon advenus (16542)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Amynodontidae indet. (16585)
Late/Upper Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Montana) Amynodon advenus (16551)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (California) Amynodon advenus (16510 16792) Amynodon intermedius (16541) Amynodon sp. (16526 16527 16544 16791) Amynodon sp., Amynodontopsis bodei (16590) Amynodontidae indet. (16591) Rhinocerotoidea indet. (16790)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Texas) Amynodon advenus (16528 16650 16651 16653) Amynodon sp. (16539 16614) Amynodontidae indet. (16534 16537) Metamynodon mckinneyi (16599 16633)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Utah) Amynodon advenus (16589 16607 16654) Amynodon advenus, Amynodon reedi (16646) Amynodon sp. (16656) Megalamynodon regalis (16637)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4USA (Wyoming) Amynodon advenus (16512 16520 16523 16648) Amynodon sp. (16507 16511 16556 16557 16559 16560 16562 16569 16571 16580 16582 16630 16645 16649) Amynodontidae indet. (16513 16517)
Uintan46.2 - 40.4Mexico (Oaxaca) Amynodontopsis sp. (166797)
Uintan - Duchesnean46.2 - 37.2USA (California) Amynodon reedi (16533)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Myanmar Metamynodon birmanicus (41158 41163 41207) Metamynodon birmanicus, Metamynodon cotteri (41331) Metamynodon cotteri (41104 41456) Paramynodon birmanicus (41180 41264 41281 41282 41283 41285 41287 41290 41291 41304 41307 41313 41314 41315 41316 41317 41318 41320 41321 41323)
Bartonian - Priabonian41.3 - 33.9Bulgaria Cadurcodon ardynense (193753 193754)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Texas) Amynodontopsis bodei (16838 16841 16856 16857) Metamynodon sp. (16828 16835)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (New Mexico) Amynodon sp. (16872)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (Oregon) Procadurcodon sp. (16842)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (California) Amynodontopsis bodei (16805 16806 16808 16810 16811 16850)
Duchesnean40.4 - 37.2USA (South Dakota) Amynodontopsis bodei (16823 16824 16825)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Romania (Cluj) Amynodontopsis bodei (191754)
Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (South Dakota) Metamynodon chadronensis (17012)
Early/Lower Chadronian37.2 - 33.9USA (Wyoming) Metamynodon planifrons (16906)
Houldjinian37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) Cadurcodon ardynensis, Cadurcotherium sp. (72147)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Kazakhstan Zaisanamynodon borisovi (177066)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Guangdong) Cadurcodon maomingensis (151737)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Yunnan) Cadurcodon sp., Metamynodon sp., Cadurcodon ardynensis, Gigantamynodon giganteus (182580)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Mongolia (Dornogov) Cadurcodon ardynensis (38303 38309) Cadurcodon sp. (176016) Gigantamynodon sp. (174918) Gigantamynodon sp., Cadurcodon ardynensis, Gigantamynodon cessator (174716)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Mongolia Cadurcotherium ardynense (73781)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Xinjiang) Amynodontidae indet., Cadurcodon ardynensis, Gigantamynodon giganteus (174976 174977)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) Cadurcodon houldjinensis (174913 182572 182573 182574) Zaisanamynodon borisovi (180941)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Japan Zaisanamynodon borisovi (183071)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9China (Henan) Amynodon sinensis, Cadurcotherium ardynense, Amynodon mongoliensis (41120) Lushiamynodon obesus, Sianodon sinensis, Sianodon chiyuanensis (42563)
Ulangochuian37.2 - 33.9China (Nei Mongol) Amynodon mongoliensis, Zaisanamynodon borisovi (73811) Zaisanamynodon borisovi (73810 180943)
Late/Upper Eocene - Early/Lower Oligocene37.2 - 28.4Japan Amynodontidae indet. (183069 183072)
Late/Upper Eocene - Early/Lower Oligocene37.2 - 28.4Romania Sellamynodon zimborensis (191753)
Late/Upper Eocene - Early/Lower Oligocene37.2 - 28.4China (shaanxi) Amynodon sp., Sianodon gaowangouensis (42749) Sianodon bahoensis (42690) Sianodon sp., Sianodon bahoensis (42688)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (South Dakota) Metamynodon planifrons (17141) Metamynodon sp. (17295)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Wyoming) Metamynodon sp. (17064)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (North Dakota) Metamynodon sp. (17101)
Orellan33.9 - 33.3USA (Mississippi) Metamynodon planifrons (17071)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Yunnan) Amynodontidae indet. (175142)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Kazakhstan Cadurcodon ardynensis, Amynodon tuskabakensis (177065) Cadurcodon kazakademius (177063)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4China (Nei Mongol) Amynodon alxaensis (180730) Amynodontidae indet., Amynodon alxaensis, Paracadurcodon suhaituensis (174915) Cadurcodon sp. (174759) Paracadurcodon sp. (180729) Sianodon sp., Paracadurcodon suhaituensis (180776)
MP 22 - MP 2333.9 - 28.4France Cadurcotherium cayluxi (193752)
MP 2433.9 - 28.4France Cadurcotherium cayluxi (193751)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Switzerland (Canton Jura) Cadurcotherium minus (182608)
MP 2533.9 - 23.03France Cadurcotherium cayluxi (183364)
MP 2533.9 - 23.03Spain (Cuenca) Cadurcotherium nouleti (184097)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03USA (Mississippi) Metamynodon planifrons (163855)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Kazakhstan Cadurcodon zaisanensis (177064)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03China (Yunnan) Gigantamynodon maguanensis (180722)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Bosnia and Herzegovina Cadurcotherium rakoveci (193750)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Kazakhstan (Aktyubinskaya) Cadurcodon kazakademius (73994)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Japan Amynodon sp. (183070)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Pakistan (Baluchistan) Cadurcotherium sp. (179812)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Japan (Fukuoka) Amynodon sp. (45832)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03France Cadurcotherium cayluxi (60281)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Myanmar Paramynodon birmanicus (41265)