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Orycteropus (aardvark)

Mammalia - Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1791Orycteropus Geoffroy
1825Orycteropus Gray p. 343
1955Orycteropus MacInnes p. 27
1975Orycteropus Patterson p. 201
1975Orycteropus Pickford p. 62
1988Orycteropus Carroll
2003Orycteropus Pickford p. 195
2003Orycteropus Theodorou et al.
2004Orycteropus Lehmann et al. p. 202
2005Orycteropus Lehmann et al. p. 110
2005Orycteropus Pickford p. 719
2006Orycteropus Lehman et al. p. 694
2008Orycteropus Lehmann p. 69

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
Pseudoungulata
orderTubulidentataHuxley 1872
familyOrycteropodidaeGray 1821
subfamilyOrycteropodinaeGray 1821
genusOrycteropusGeoffroy 1791

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Body mass estimates
estimateequationreference
 59.4 kg Mammalia femur diameterGingerich 1990
 38.6 kg Mammalia humerus diameterGingerich 1990
 62.3 kg Mammalia tibia diameterGingerich 1990
mean: 52.3 kg
Measurements
partNmean
femur diameter122.4
humerus diameter120.0
radius diameter114.0
tibia diameter122.0

Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: semifossorialg
Diet: insectivoreg
Comments: "a nocturnal animal that burrows relatively deeply in the ground for shelter... Its diet consists of ants, termites and larvae of some insects"g
Created: 2012-05-15 10:18:46
Modified: 2012-05-14 19:18:46
Source: g = genus, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Lehmann et al. 2005, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Chattian to the top of the Holocene or 28.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 23.03 Ma

Collections (91 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Kenya Orycteropus sp. (27855)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Kenya Myorycteropus africanus (96089) Orycteropus sp. (21721)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Namibia Orycteropus minutus (21855)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Uganda Orycteropus chemeldoi (22445)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588South Africa Orycteropus sp. (22224 22232)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Myorycteropus africanus (21725) Orycteropus minutus (21726)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Kenya Orycteropus chemeldoi (21719)
MN 515.97 - 13.65Turkey (Bursa) Orycteropus sp. (68547)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Kenya Orycteropus sp. (22303)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Namibia Orycteropus minutus (96072)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Moldova Orycteropus gaudryi (60271)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Kenya (Nyanza) Orycteropus sp. (21339)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Kenya (Central Nyanza) Orycteropus sp. (21340)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Kenya Orycteropus chemeldoi (22287) Orycteropus sp. (22071)
Serravallian - Tortonian13.82 - 7.246Pakistan (Sind) Orycteropus sp. (71455)
MN 613.65 - 12.75Russian Federation (Stavropol) Orycteropus sp. (56738)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Kenya Orycteropus sp. (22241)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Ukraine Orycteropus gaudryi (75800)
Tortonian - Zanclean11.62 - 3.6Ethiopia Orycteropus sp. (22139)
Tortonian - Piacenzian11.62 - 2.588Kenya Orycteropus sp. (22242)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey (Usak) Orycteropus gaudryi (34462)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey (Denizli) Orycteropus sp. (197642)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Greece (Euboea) Orycteropus sp. (195432)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Pakistan (Punjab) Orycteropus browni, Orycteropus pilgrimi (13473)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Turkey Orycteropus sp. (56563)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Moldova (Tighina Departement) Orycteropus gaudryi (36143)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Algeria (Oran) Orycteropus mauritanicus (136913)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Algeria Orycteropus mauritanicus (34643)
Late/Upper Miocene - Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Chad Orycteropus sp. (24181)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Turkey Orycteropus gaudryi (151910)
Turolian8.7 - 5.333Greece (Samos) Orycteropus gaudryi (43007)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Kenya Orycteropus sp. (22274 22275)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Greece Orycteropus gaudryi (95689 95690 95691)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Chad Orycteropus gaudryi (59839)
Messinian - Piacenzian7.246 - 2.588South Africa (Cape) Orycteropus sp. (59167)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Ethiopia Orycteropus djourabensis (96050)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Chad Orycteropus djourabensis (96047)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588South Africa Orycteropus afer (22356)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Tanzania (Eastern Drift Valley) Orycteropus sp. (32050)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Tanzania Orycteropus sp. (21830)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Kenya Orycteropus djourabensis (21369)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588South Africa Orycteropus sp. (21713)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Tanzania Orycteropus sp. (21795 21799 21807 21810 21811 21812)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Kenya Orycteropus sp. (21436)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Kenya Orycteropus sp. (74511)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781South Africa Orycteropus afer (21824)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781South Africa (Gauteng) Orycteropus afer (183152)
Gelasian - Calabrian2.588 - 0.781Ethiopia (Ethiopian Rift) Orycteropus sp. (22492)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Kenya Orycteropus afer (21963) Orycteropus crassidens (96048 96049) Orycteropus sp. (22272 22276)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117South Africa Orycteropus afer (21828 21929 21956) Orycteropus after (115191) Orycteropus sp. (21825 21920)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0South Africa Orycteropus afer (21957)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Zambia Orycteropus afer (21924) Orycteropus sp. (21854)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Orycteropus afer (22074)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Kenya Orycteropus afer (21276 21277)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117South Africa Orycteropus sp. (90070)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Kenya (Athi-Kapiti) Orycteropus afer (32119)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0South Africa Orycteropus afer (21922)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Orycteropus afer (22066)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa (N. Transraal) Orycteropus afer (21693)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Zambia Orycteropus sp. (21895)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa Orycteropus afer (21866 21921)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0South Africa (Orange Free) Orycteropus afer (21912 21943)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Congo-Kinshasa Orycteropus afer (22073)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Tanzania Orycteropus afer (21690)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Sudan Orycteropus afer (21902 21958)