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Notoungulata (notoungulate)

Mammalia - Notoungulata

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1897Notopithecus summus Ameghino p. 421
1901Edvardocopeia Ameghino p. 398
1901Pleurystylops Ameghino p. 398
1901Pleurystylops glebosus Ameghino p. 398
1901Edvardocopeia Ameghino p. 399
1901Edvardocopeia sinuosa Ameghino p. 399
1901Carolodarwinia Ameghino p. 410
1901Carolodarwinia pyramidentata Ameghino p. 410
1901Trimerostephanos ultimus Ameghino p. 419–420
1902Lophiodonticulus Ameghino p. 17
1902Lophiodonticulus patagonicus Ameghino p. 17
1902Lophiodonticulus retroversus Ameghino p. 17–18
1902Tonostylops Ameghino p. 32
1902Tonostylops spissus Ameghino p. 32
1902Pyramidon Roth
1902Pyramidon klaatschi Roth
1902Ultrapithecus robustus Roth p. 251
1902Degonia sympathica Roth p. 252
1902Puelia Roth p. 252
1902Puelia plicata Roth p. 252
1902Ortholophodon Roth p. 253
1903Notoungulata Roth
1903Archaeotypotherium transitum Roth pp. 22-23
1904Claenodon patagonicus Ameghino pp. 50, 404
1904Isotypotherium Ameghino p. 421
1904Epitypotherium cancellatum Ameghino p. 422 fig. 70
1904Procolpodon Ameghino p. 438
1904Procolpodon foratus Ameghino p. 438 fig. 87
1910Notoungulata Gregory p. 466
1935Brandmayria Cabrera
1935Brandmayria simpsoni Cabrera p. 13
1975Notoungulata McKenna p. 43
1988Brandmayria Carroll
1988Notoungulata Carroll
1993Puelia Bond and López
2009Notoungulata Shockey et al.
2010Notoungulata Kramarz et al.
2010Puelia López et al.
2010Puelia plicata López et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderNotoungulata
orderNotoungulata

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 798.4 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3.52 kgs
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialsubc
Diet: herbivoreo
Created: 2009-01-05 17:11:49
Modified: 2009-01-05 19:11:49
Source: s = species, o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Vizcaíno et al. 2010, MacFadden et al. 1996, Croft et al. 2004, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Madden 1997

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Paleocene to the top of the Holocene or 61.70000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 61.6 Ma

Collections (561 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Danian66.0 - 61.6Bolivia (Mizque) Notoungulata indet. (13501)
Middle Paleocene - Late/Upper Paleocene61.7 - 55.8Argentina (Jujuy) Simpsonotus major (175869 175870) Simpsonotus praecursor (175868)
Itaboraian59.0 - 57.0Argentina (Chubut) Henricosbornia sp., Peripantostylops sp., Colbertia sp., Kibenikhoria sp., Itaboraitherium sp., Isotemnus sp., Antepithecus sp., Orome deepi, Carmargomendesia sp. (133040)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Mongolia (Omnogov) Notoungulata indet. (37008)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6Brazil (Rio de Janeiro) Henricosbornia sp. (38793) Notoungulata indet., Camargomendesia pristina, Homalostylops atavus, Henricosbornia magellanica (118314)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6Argentina (Tucumán) Satshatemnus bonapartei (41607)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6Peru (Puno) Notoungulata sp. 1, Notoungulata sp. 2, Notoungulata sp. 3 (132938) Perutherium altiplanense (28230)
Riochican57.0 - 55.8Argentina (Chubut) Notostylopidae indet. (176061)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Argentina (Chubut) Notostylops sp., Oldfieldthomasiidae gen. et sp. indet. I, Isotemnus sp., Notopithecinae gen. et sp. indet. J, Archaeopithecus rogeri, Henricosbornia lophodonta, Othnielmarshia lacunifera, Edvardotrouessartia sola (176059) Orome deepi (203121)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Argentina (Chubut) Bryanpattersonia sulcidens (49901) Notopithecus adapinus, Oldfieldthomasia debilitata (49902) Notostylops sp., Pleurostylodon sp., Pleurostylodon similis (49899)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Argentina (La Pampa) Oldfieldthomasiidae indet. (47318)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Argentina Notostylops sp., Pleurostylodon sp. (176460)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Bolivia Camargomendesia indet. (176065)
Eocene - Oligocene56.0 - 23.03Argentina (Chubut) Leontiniidae indet., Eohyrax strangulatus, Interatheriinae indet., Proargyrohyrax sp. (176462) Notostylops sp., Pleurostylodon sp., Archaeotypotherium propheticus, Rhynchippus equinus, Bryanpattersonia sulcidens (38877)
Eocene - Miocene56.0 - 5.333Argentina (Chubut) Archaeoplus incipiens (176669)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Argentina (Chubut) Henricosbornia sp., Othnielmarshia sp., Notostylops sp., Isotemnus sp., Pleurostylodon sp., Notopithecus sp., Eohyrax sp., Postpithecus sp., Archaeopithecus rogeri, Isotemnus primitivus, Henricosbornia lophodonta, Polystylops sp., Brandmayria simpsoni (13781) Isotemnidae indet., Notopithecidae indet. (175728) Notostylopidae indet., Isotemnidae indet., Peripantostylops orehor, Henricosbornia waitehor, Seudenius cteronc, Isotemnus ctalego, Kibenikhoria get, Transpithecus sp., Notopithecidae indet. (14205)
Casamayoran55.8 - 48.0Chile Antepithecus brachystephanus (186784) Oldfieldthomasiidae indet., Ignigena minisculus (38880)
Casamayoran55.8 - 48.0Argentina (Chubut) Pleurostylodon sp., Thomashuxleya sp. (48176)
Casamayoran55.8 - 48.0Argentina (Santa Cruz) Notopithecus adapinus, Notostylops murinus (50066)
Early/Lower Eocene - Middle Eocene55.8 - 37.2Argentina (Chubut) Notopithecidae indet., Lelfunia haugi, Monolophodon minutus (175735)