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Aphelops megalodus

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae

Taxonomy
Aceratherium megalodum was named by Cope (1873). It is the type species of Aphelops.

It was recombined as Aphelops megalodus by Cope (1873), Cope (1874), Hay (1902), Matthew (1932), Galbreath (1953), Prothero and Manning (1987), Prothero (1998) and Prothero (2005).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1873Aceratherium megalodum Cope
1873Aphelops megalodus Cope p. 14
1874Aphelops megalodus Cope
1902Aphelops megalodus Hay p. 646
1932Aphelops megalodus Matthew
1953Aphelops megalodus Galbreath
1987Aphelops megalodus Prothero and Manning
1998Aphelops megalodus Prothero
2005Aphelops megalodus Prothero pp. 72-78

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)
Ceratomorpha(Wood 1937)
superfamilyRhinocerotoidea
familyRhinocerotidae
subfamilyAceratheriinaeDollo 1885
genusAphelopsOwen 1845
speciesmegalodus(Cope 1873)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingg
Diet: browserg
Created: 2005-08-31 15:12:21
Modified: 2009-01-04 12:33:00
Source: g = genus, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Prothero 1998

Age range: base of the Hemingfordian to the top of the Irvingtonian or 20.43000 to 0.30000 Ma

Collections (98 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (New Mexico) Aphelops megalodus (19470)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Oregon) Aphelops sp. (18816 18830)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Texas) Aphelops megalodus (18608 18644 18648 18660 18661 18671 18674) Rhinocerotidae indet. (18098)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (Nevada) Aphelops megalodus (18987)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Nevada) Aphelops sp. (18961 18962 18963 18965)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Colorado) Aphelops sp. (17908)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Wyoming) Aphelops megalodus (17957)
Hemingfordian20.43 - 15.97USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (17872 17880 17883 17903 17904 17920 17952 17955 17956 17961 17972 17975 17978 17980 17985 17987 17988 17999 18000 18001 18011 18019 18020)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nevada) Aphelops megalodus (19088 19103)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Colorado) Aphelops megalodus (18203)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (California) Aphelops megalodus (19356 19364 19366 19422 19458 19542 19567 160740) Aphelops sp. (19460 19510)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (New Mexico) Aphelops megalodus (19287) Aphelops sp. (19535)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Aphelops megalodus (18619 18627 18646)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (17905 18090 18124 18261 18281 18284 18337 18345) Rhinocerotidae indet. (18361)
Early/Lower Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (17976)
Early/Lower Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (New Mexico) Aphelops megalodus (19547)
Early/Lower Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (Texas) Aphelops megalodus (18665)
Barstovian - Clarendonian15.97 - 10.3USA (Colorado) Aphelops megalodus (18445)
Barstovian - Clarendonian15.97 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (18306)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (18037 18057 18077 18099 18108 18135 18145 18214 18218 18227 18242 18245 18333 18425 18447 18458 18460 18496 159704)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (South Dakota) Aphelops megalodus (18200 18268)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nevada) Aphelops sp. (18845)
Early/Lower Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (18134)
Late/Upper Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (18327)
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Nebraska) Aphelops megalodus (20375)