Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Balanomorpha

Thecostraca - Balanomorpha

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1916Balanomorpha Pilsbry
1982Balanomorpha Zullo p. 3
1983Balanomorpha Wilson p. 486
1985Balanomorpha Zullo and Kite p. 10
2007Balanomorpha Jones p. 293
2010Balanomorpha Chan et al. p. 41
2018Balanomorpha Collareta et al. p. 15
2019Balanomorpha Gale
2021Balanomorpha Chan et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
Deuteropoda
Mandibulata
RankNameAuthor
PancrustaceaZrzavý and Štys 1997
subphylumCrustaceaBrünnich 1772
classThecostraca(Gruvel 1905)
subclassCirripedia(Rafinesque 1816)
infraclassThoracica(Darwin 1854)
superorderThoracicalcarea()
Sessilia(Lamarck 1818)
orderBalanomorpha(Pilsbry 1916)
orderBalanomorpha(Pilsbry 1916)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Balanomorpha Pilsbry 1916
show all | hide all
Superfm. Balanoidea Leach 1817
hide
Fm. Balanidae Leach 1817
+
Subfm. Acastinae Kolbasov 1993
+
G. Acasta Leach 1817
+
Acasta cyathus Darwin 1854
Acasta vesiculosa Carriol 2008
Subfm. Amphibalaninae Pitombo 2004
+
G. Amphibalanus Pitombo 2000
G. Fistulobalanus Zullo 1984
+
Fistulobalanus klemmi Zullo 1984
Subfm. Archaeobalaninae Newman and Ross 1976
+
G. †Actinobalanus Moroni 1867
G. Archaeobalanus Menesini 1971
G. Bathybalanus Hoek 1913
G. Chirona Gray 1835
G. Conopea Say 1822
G. †Kathpalmeria Ross 1965
+
G. Membranobalanus Pilsbry 1916
+
Membranobalanus costatus Zullo and Standing 1983
+
G. Solidobalanus Hoek 1913
+
G. Striatobalanus Hoek 1913
G. †Zullobalanus Buckeridge 1989
+
Zullobalanus santamariaensis Buckeridge and Winkelmann 2010
Subfm. Balaninae Leach 1817
+
G. Balanus Da Costa 1778 [barnacle]
+
Subg. Balanus (Balanus) Da Costa 1778
Balanus amaryllis Darwin 1854
Balanus amphitrite Darwin 1854
Balanus asteroides Bohm 1926
Balanus bloxhamensis Weisbord 1966
Balanus calidus Pilsbry 1916
Balanus cantelli Newman 1982
Balanus crenatus Bruguière 1789
Balanus eburneus Gould 1841
Balanus glandula Darwin 1854
Balanus halosydne Zullo et al. 1992
Balanus humilis Conrad 1846
Balanus imitator Zullo 1984
Balanus improvisus Darwin 1854
Balanus leonensis Weisbord 1966
Balanus multiseptatus Ross 1964
+
Invalid names: Balanus finchi Lea 1833 [synonym]
Balanus niveus Darwin 1854
Balanus nubilus Darwin 1854
Balanus ochlockonensis Weisbord 1966
Balanus ornatus Ponzi 1876
Balanus polyporus Pilsbry 1924
Balanus reticulatus Utinomi 1967
Balanus scutorum Seguenza 1876
Balanus subalbidus Henry 1974
Balanus trigonus Darwin 1854
Balanus vadaszi Kolosvary 1949
Balanus venustus Darwin 1854
G. Tamiosoma Conrad 1856
+
Tamiosoma advena Zullo 1992
Tamiosoma gregaria Conrad 1856
+
Invalid names: Balanus estrellanus Conrad 1857 [synonym], Menesiniella aquila Pilsbry 1907 [synonym]
Tamiosoma regalis Pilsbry 1916
G. †Zulloa Ross and Newman 1996
G. †Cetolepas Zullo 1969
+
Cetolepas hertleini Zullo 1969
Subfm. Concavinae Zullo 1992
+
G. †Alessandriella Carriol and Cahuzac 2001
G. Arossia Newman 1982
+
Arossia ashleyensis Zullo 1986
Arossia aurae Zullo 1992
Arossia bohaska Kline 1997
Arossia cummembrana Kline 1997
Arossia glyptopoma Pilsbry 1916
Arossia newmani Zullo 1992
Arossia panamensis Rogers 1948
Arossia rubra Zullo 1992
Arossia sendaicus Hatai et al. 1976
G. †Chesaconcavus Zullo 1992
+
Chesaconcavus proteus Conrad 1834
Chesaconcavus rossi Zullo 1992
G. Concavus Newman 1982
+
Subg. Concavus (Menesiniella) Newman 1982
Concavus concavus Bronn 1831
Concavus rubsecens Seguenza 1876
G. Menesiniella Newman 1982
G. Paraconcavus Zullo 1992
+
Paraconcavus neusensis Zullo and Miller 1986
Paraconcavus newsensis Zullo and Miller 1991
Paraconcavus talquinensis Weisbord 1966
G. †Zulloconcavus Carriol 2000
Subfm. Megabalaninae Newman 1979
+
G. Megabalanus Hoek 1913
+
+
Invalid names: Balanus coosensis Dall 1909 [synonym]
G. †Notomegabalanus Newman 1979
+
Subfm. Semibalaninae Newman and Ross 1976
+
G. Semibalanus Pilsbry 1916
Invalid names: Archaeobalanidae Newman and Ross 1976 [synonym], Creusiinae Baluck and Radwanski 1967 [empty], Emersoninae Ross and Newman 1967 [empty], Wanellinae Chan et al. 2021 [empty]
Fm. Pyrgomatidae Gray 1825 [coral barnacle]
+
Subfm. Ceratoconchinae Newman and Ross 1976
+
G. Ceratoconcha Kramberger-Gorjanovic 1889
+
Subfm. Megatrematinae Holthuis 1982
+
G. Megatrema Sowerby 1823
G. Pyrgomina Baluk and Radwanski 1967
Subfm. Pyrgomatinae Gray 1825
+
G. Cantellius Ross and Newman 1973
G. Cionophorus Ross and Newman 2001
G. Creusia Leach 1817
+
Creusia neogenica Weisbord 1972
G. Hiroa Ross and Newman 1973
G. Parahoekia Ross and Newman 1995
G. Pyrgoma Leach 1817
+
Pyrgoma cretacea Woodward 1869
Pyrgoma preftoridanum Brooks and Ross 1960
G. †Savignium Leach 1825
Fm. †Brachylepadidae Woodward 1901
hide
+
Brachylepas americana Zullo et al. 1987
Brachylepas angulosa Collins 1973
Brachylepas guascoi Bosquet 1857
Brachylepas naissanti Hebert 1855
Brachylepas thieli Gale 2020
G. †Calvatilepas Gale and Vidovic 2023
+
Calvatilepas recurvus Gale and Vidovic 2023
G. †Crithmumlepas Gale and Vidovic 2023
+
Crithmumlepas aycliffensis Gale and Vidovic 2023
Crithmumlepas hoensis Gale and Vidovic 2023
G. †Epibrachylepas Gale 2014
+
Epibrachylepas smeetsi Bosquet 1857
G. †Fallaxlepas Gale 2020
+
Fallaxlepas fallax Darwin 1851
Fallaxlepas nervosa Alekseev 2009
G. †Parabrachylepas Gale 2014
+
Parabrachylepas ifoensis Withers 1935
Superfm. Chthamaloidea Darwin 1854
hide
Fm. Catophragmidae Utinomi 1968
+
G. Catophragmus Sowerby 1826
+
Fm. Chthamalidae Darwin 1854
+
G. Chinochthamalus Foster 1980
G. Chthamalus Ranzani 1817
+
Chthamalus fragilis Darwin 1854
G. Euraphia Conrad 1837
G. Nesochthamalus Foster and Newman 1987
G. Notochthamalus Foster and Newman 1987
Fm. Pachylasmatidae Utinomi 1968
+
Subfm. Eolasmatinae Jones 2000
+
G. †Eolasma
G. Neoeolasma Gale 2020
G. Eutomolasma Jones 2000
Subfm. Metalasmatinae Jones 2000
+
G. Metalasma Jones 2000
Subfm. Pachylasmatinae Utinomi 1968
+
G. Eurylasma Jones 2000
G. Microlasma Jones 2000
G. Pachylasma Darwin 1854
G. Tetrapachylasma Foster 1988
Fm. Waikalasmatidae Ross and Newman 2001
+
G. Waikalasma Buckeridge 1983
Superfm. Coronuloidea Leach 1817
hide
Fm. Austrobalanidae Newman and Ross 1976
+
G. Austrobalanus Pilsbry 1916
Fm. Bathylasmatidae Newman and Ross 1971
+
Subfm. Bathylasmatinae Newman and Ross 1971
+
G. Bathylasma Newman and Ross 1971
+
Bathylasma aucklandicum Hector 1888
Bathylasma corrugatum Zullo and Baum 1979
Bathylasma rangatira Buckeridge 1983
Subfm. Hexelasmatinae Newman and Ross 1976
+
G. Hexelasma Lang et al. 1940
+
Hexelasma americanum Pilsbry 1916
Fm. Chelonibiidae Pilsbry 1916 [turtle barnacle]
+
Subfm. Chelonibiinae Pilsbry 1916
+
G. Chelonibia Leach 1817
+
Chelonibia capellini De Alessandri 1895
Chelonibia caretta Spengler 1790
Chelonibia depressa Seguenza 1876
Chelonibia hemisphaerica Rothpletz and Simonelli 1890
Chelonibia manati Pilsbry 1916
Chelonibia melleni Zullo 1982
Chelonibia patula Ranzani 1818
G. Stephanolepas Fischer 1886
+
Subfm. †Protochelonibiinae Harzhauser and Newman 2011
+
G. †Protochelonibia Harzhauser and Newman 2011
Fm. Coronulidae Leach 1817 [whale barnacle]
+
G. Cetopirus Ranzani 1817
+
Cetopirus polysyrinx Collareta et al. 2022
G. Coronula Bruguière 1792
+
Coronula barbara Darwin 1854
Coronula bifida Bronn 1831
Coronula diadema Linnaeus 1767
+
Invalid names: Coronula macsotayi Weisbord 1971 [synonym]
Coronula reginae Darwin 1854
G. Cryptolepas Dall 1872
+
Cryptolepas murata Zullo 1961
G. Cylindrolepas Pilsbry 1916
+
G. †Emersonius Ross 1967
+
Emersonius cybosyrinx Ross and Newman 1967
G. Platylepas Gray 1825
+
Platylepas decorata Darwin 1854
Platylepas wilsoni Ross 1963
G. Stomatolepas Pilsbry 1916
G. Tubicinella Lamarck 1802
G. Xenobalanus Steenstrup 1851
+
Xenobalanus globicipitis Steenstrup 1851
Invalid names: Coronulinae Leach 1817 [empty], Platylepadidae Newman and Ross 1976 [synonym]
Fm. Tetraclitidae Gruvel 1903
+
G. Newmanella Ross 1969
G. Tesseropora Pilsbry 1916
G. Tetraclita Schumacher 1817
+
Tetraclita floridana Pilsbry 1916
G. †Tetraclitella Hiro 1939
Invalid names: Tetraclitoidea Gruvel 1903 [synonym]
Superfm. Elminoidea Foster 1982
hide
Fm. Elminidae Foster 1982
+
G. †Matellonius Buckeridge 1983
G. †Protelminius Buckeridge and Newman 2010
Infraor. Neobalanomorpha Gale 2014
hide
Superfm. Chionelasmatoidea Buckeridge 1983
+
Fm. Chionolasmatidae Buckeridge 1983
+
G. Chionelasmus Pilsbry 1911
Invalid names: Pachylasmatoidea Pilsbry 1916 [empty]
Superfm. †Pachydiadematoidea Chan et al. 2021
hide
Fm. †Pachydiadematidae Chan et al. 2021
+
+
Pachydiadema cretacea Withers 1935
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: stationaryc
Attached: yesc
Epibiont: yesc
Life habit: epifaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2008-03-04 07:51:33
Modified: 2011-06-14 02:28:17
Source: c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Pliensbachian to the top of the Holocene or 189.60000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 183.0 Ma

Collections (718 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Pliensbachian189.6 - 183.0Canada (British Columbia) Balanus sp. (53089)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Oregon) Balanidae indet. (229463)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5United Kingdom (England) Calvatilepas recurvus (232241)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5United Kingdom (England) Crithmumlepas aycliffensis, Calvatilepas recurvus (232246)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5United Kingdom (England) Crithmumlepas aycliffensis (232247) Crithmumlepas hoensis (232245)
Early/Lower Coniacian89.3 - 85.8United Kingdom (England) Crithmumlepas aycliffensis (232248)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Sweden (Skane) Brachylepas naissanti, Brachylepas guascoi, Epibrachylepas newmani, Parabrachylepas ifoensis, Pachydiadema cretacea (210592)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Poland Brachylepas naissanti (212513) Brachylepas sp. (212512)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Ukraine Brachylepas nervosa (210410)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Arkansas) Brachylepas americana (210622)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6Poland Brachylepadidae indet. (212524) Brachylepas naissanti (212523 212525 212526)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Russian Federation Brachylepas nervosa (210417)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Ukraine (Lviv) Brachylepas nervosa (210375 210379)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Kazakhstan (Aktobe) Brachylepas nervosa (210421 210427)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Russian Federation (Ulyanovsk) Brachylepas nervosa (210418)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Russian Federation (Saratov) Brachylepas nervosa (210419)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Brachylepas angulosa (210603)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Ukraine Brachylepas nervosa (210372 210380 210381 210382 210383 210384 210385 210386 210389 210393 210394 210395 210396 210397 210398 210399 210400 210401 210402 210403 210404 210405 210406 210407 210408 210409 210411 210412 210413 210414 210415)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Kazakhstan Brachylepas nervosa (210422 210424 210426 210429 210431 210432 210435 210436 210437) Brachylepas nervosa, Brachylepas naissanti (210430)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Kazakhstan Brachylepas nervosa (210438 210439 210441)