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Bourgueticrinina

Crinoidea - Comatulida

Taxonomy
Bourgueticrinida was named by Sieverts-Doreck (1953). It is extant.

It was reranked as the order Bourgueticrinina by Rasmussen (1961) and Donovan (1994); it was reranked as the suborder Bourgueticrinina by Hess and Messing (2011).

It was assigned to Millericrinida by Rasmussen (1961); to Isocrinida by Donovan (1994); to Articulata by Ausich (1998); to Crinoidea by Sepkoski (2002); and to Comatulida by Hess and Messing (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1953Bourgueticrinida Sieverts-Doreck
1961Bourgueticrinina Rasmussen p. 165
1994Bourgueticrinina Donovan p. 196
1998Bourgueticrinida Ausich p. 17
2002Bourgueticrinida Sepkoski
2011Bourgueticrinina Hess and Messing p. 146

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumBlastozoa
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
RankNameAuthor
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
Eucladida
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)
orderComatulidaClark 1908
suborderBourgueticrinina(Sieverts-Doreck 1953)
suborderBourgueticrinina(Sieverts-Doreck 1953)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subor. Bourgueticrinina Sieverts-Doreck 1953
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Fm. Bathycrinidae Bather 1899
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Subfm. Bathycrininae Bather 1899
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G. Bathycrinus Thomson 1872
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Bathycrinus carpenterii Danielssen and Koren 1877
Bathycrinus endelmani Klikushin 1982
Bathycrinus gracilis Thomson 1872
Invalid names: Ilycrinus Danielssen and Koren 1877 [synonym], Paleobathycrinus Roux 1978 [nomen nudum]
G. Cingocrinus Mironov 2000
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Cingocrinus radicatus Mironov 2000
G. Discolocrinus Mironov 2008
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Discolocrinus thieli Mironov 2008
G. Monachocrinus Clark 1919
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Monachocrinus gallicus Rasmussen 1961
Monachocrinus regnelli Rasmussen 1961
G. Naumachocrinus Clark 1912
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Subfm. Caledonicrininae Mironov 2000
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G. Caledonicrinus Avocat and Roux 1990
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Caledonicrinus vaubani Avocat and Roux 1990
Invalid names: Rhizocrinidae Jaekel 1894 [synonym]
Fm. Bourgueticrinidae Loriol 1882
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G. †Bourgueticrinus Orbigny 1840
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Bourgueticrinus alabamensis De Loriol 1882
Bourgueticrinus baculatus Klikushin 1982
Bourgueticrinus bellus Klikushin 1975
Bourgueticrinus brydonei Rasmussen 1961
Bourgueticrinus crassus Klikushin 1975
Bourgueticrinus danicus Nielsen 1913
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus curvatus Nielsen 1913 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus elegans Griffith and Brydone 1911
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus bacillus Griffith and Brydone 1911 [synonym]
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus milleri mCoy 1848 [synonym], Mesocrinus suedicus Carpenter 1881 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus fischeri Geinitz 1872
Bourgueticrinus fritillus Griffith and Brydone 1911
Bourgueticrinus globularis Rasmussen 1961
Bourgueticrinus hagenowii Goldfuss 1840
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Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus bulbiformis Nielsen 1913 [synonym], Bourgueticrinus turris Nielsen 1913 [synonym], Bourgueticrinus verrucosus Nielsen 1913 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus hureae Valette 1917
Bourgueticrinus maximus Valette 1917
Bourgueticrinus minutus Jaekel 1918
Bourgueticrinus naidini Klikushin 1981
Bourgueticrinus papilliformis Griffith and Brydone 1911
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Invalid names: Volvola lagenatis Valette 1917 [synonym]
Bourgueticrinus succinctus Klikushin 1982
Bourgueticrinus sulcatus Klikushin 1975
Bourgueticrinus tenuis Rasmussen 1961
Invalid names: Bourgueticrinus oosteri Loriol 1879 [nomen dubium], Conocrinus lamberti Valette 1917 [nomen dubium], Conocrinus welschi Valette 1917 [nomen dubium], Mesocrinus Carpenter 1881 [synonym], Metapiocrinus Jaekel 1918 [synonym], Volvola Valette 1917 [synonym]
G. Conocrinus Orbigny 1850
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Conocrinus elongatus Roux 1978
Conocrinus tauricus Klikushin 1982
Conocrinus thorenti d'Archaic 1846
Conocrinus veronensis Jaekel 1891
Invalid names: Rhizocrinus Sars [synonym], Tormocrinus Jaekel 1891 [synonym]
G. Democrinus Perrier 1883
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Democrinus braueri Doderlein 1912
Democrinus brevis Clark 1909
Democrinus chuni Doderlein 1907
Democrinus dubius Nielsen 1913
Democrinus gisleni Rasmussen 1961
Democrinus maximus Nielsen 1915
Democrinus parfaiti Perrier 1883
Democrinus simmsi Ciampaglio et al. 2007
G. †Dunnicrinus Moore 1967
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Dunnicrinus aequalis D'Orbigny 1841
Fm. Phrynocrinidae Clark 1907
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Subfm. Phrynocrininae Clark 1907
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G. Phrynocrinus Clark 1907
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Phrynocrinus nudus Clark 1907
Subfm. Porphyrocrininae Clark 1973
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G. Porphyrocrinus Gislen 1925
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Fm. Septocrinidae Mironov 2000
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G. Rouxicrinus Mironov and Pawson 2010
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Rouxicrinus vestitus Mironov and Pawson 2010
G. Septocrinus Mironov 2000
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G. Zeuctocrins Clark 1973
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Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calciteo
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: facultatively mobileo
Attached: yeso
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 16:07:27
Modified: 2009-10-08 14:29:07
Source: o = order, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan 1992, Kiessling 2004, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Turonian to the top of the Priabonian or 93.90000 to 33.90000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 93.5 Ma

Collections (84 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Poland (Lesser Poland) Bourgueticrinus sp. (224101)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Czech Republic Bourgueticrinus sp. (58578)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Bourgueticrinus sp. (99235)
Senonian - Paleocene89.3 - 56.0Netherlands (Limburg) Dunnicrinus aequalis (31455)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6Poland Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (183398 183399 183400 183401)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6France Bourgueticrinus sp. (3737)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Poland Bourgueticrinus sp. (183402) Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (183403 183404)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Belgium (Liege) Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus hureae, Bourgueticrinus suedicus (32150) Bourgueticrinus sp., Bourgueticrinus hureae, Bourgueticrinus suedicus, Monachocrinus gallicus (32147)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Germany Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (64130 64131 64180)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6France (Landes) Bourgueticrinus constrictus (213820 213849 214040) Bourgueticrinus elegans (213889) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (213833 213880 213886 213898 214021 214023 214027)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Rhizocrinus alabamensis (203421)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Bourgueticrinus bruennichnielseni, Bourgueticrinus hagenowi, Democrinus gisleni (32022)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Landes) Bourgueticrinus constrictus (214164 214174) Bourgueticrinus elegans (214114 214121 214178 214179 214186 214206) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus (214058 214127 214128 214175 214182 214188 214213 214214 214218) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus, Bourgueticrinus constrictus (214177) Bourgueticrinus ellipticus, Bourgueticrinus utriculatus (214190) Bourgueticrinus utriculatus (214184 214187)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liege) Bourgueticrinus brydonei, Bourgueticrinus constrictus (32148)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liege) Bourgueticrinus constrictus (32172) Dunnicrinus aequalis (32149 32152 32153 32154 32155 32156)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Dunnicrinus mississippiensis (213727 213728)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands (Limburg) Dunnicrinus aequalis (32159)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Dunnicrinus aequalis (32177)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Late/Upper Cretaceous70.6 - 66.0Belgium (Liege) Dunnicrinus aequalis (32175)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Netherlands Dunnicrinus aequalis (32162)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian - Danian70.6 - 61.6Poland Bourgueticrinus sp. (64008)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Netherlands (Limburg) Bourgueticrinus danicus, Democrinus maximus (32170)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Denmark Bourgueticrinus danicus, Rhizocrinus maximus (89866)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (New Jersey) Rhizocrinus cylindricus (58941)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0USA (New Jersey) Rhizocrinus cylindricus (3113)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Democrinus londinensis (3260 76601)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France Conocrinus pyriformis (59788) Conocrinus pyriformis, Conocrinus thorenti (59789)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0France Conocrinus duperrieri, Tormocrinus archiaci (161930) Conocrinus duperrieri, Tormocrinus sp., Conocrinus elongatus (161928) Conocrinus sp. (161929) Conocrinus sp., Tormocrinus sp. (161927 161931)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (South Carolina) Democrinus sp. (5354)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (North Carolina) Democrinus simmsi (5439) Democrinus sp. (5366 5367)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany (Bavaria) Bourgueticrinus sp. (10963)