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|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Mammalia - Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
|C. B. Schultz and C. H. Falkenbach 1947||SKULL: Small, ranging in basal length from 164 mm. to 170 mm.; mesocephalic; low and flat; occipital region somewhat fan-shaped; supraoccipital wings with slight posterior projection, but with tendency to form a fan-shaped region, but still retaining the curved notch below and to the side of the supraoccipital wings; exoccipital pits elongated instead of round as in Merychyus and Merychyus (Metoreodon); occipital area similar to that found in Oreodontoides, considerably less fan-shaped than in Merychyus and M. (Metoreodon) (see fig. 14); sagittal crest low; brain case well inflated and broad; frontals moderately wide; lacrimal fossa deep; prelacrimal vacuity present; infraorbital foramen above region of pa; nasals pointed anteriorly, widest portion at anterior nasal- maxilla contact; occipital condyles moderately small; paroccipital process very wide at base (actually a part of the somewhat fan-shaped postoccipital region) and perpendicular to longitudinal axis of skull, tapering to a triangular cross section; bulla well inflated with highest point at external side, sloping off internally as found in examples of Merychyus; postglenoid process moderately heavy and deep, cone-shaped or peg-shaped in outline (in Merychyus the postglenoid process is anteroposteriorly compressed with sloping external border).
DENTITION: Brachyodont in comparison with examples of Merychyus; premolars not crowded; premolars with reduced anterior portion (in unworn specimens); a small incipient cusp on the interior-posterior portion of P2 and pa,