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Mammuthus columbi (Columbian mammoth)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Taxonomy
Elephas columbi was named by Falconer (1857). It is not extant.

It was recombined as Elephas primigenius columbii by Cope (1893); it was recombined as Euelephas columbi by Osborn (1918); it was recombined as Parelephas columbi by Osborn (1924) and Osborn (1942); it was recombined as Mammuthus (Parelephas) columbi by Haury et al. (1953); it was recombined as Mammuthus columbi by Hibbard (1955), Hibbard (1955), Hibbard and Taylor (1960), Aguirre (1969), Lundelius (1972), Maglio (1973), Puckette and Scholtz (1974), Miller (1976), Kurten and Anderson (1980), Hulbert and Pratt (1998), Larson (1999) and Agenbroad (2005).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Elephas jacksoni Mather
1857Elephas columbi Falconer
1858Elephas imperator Leidy
1858Elephas (Euelephas) imperator Leidy p. 29
1893Elephas primigenius columbii Cope p. 897
1918Euelephas columbi Osborn
1918Euelephas imperator Osborn
1922Elephas roosevelti Hay
1922Elephas jeffersonii Osborn
1923Elephas washingtonii Osborn
1924Archidiskodon imperator Osborn
1924Parelephas columbi Osborn
1924Parelephas jeffersonii Osborn
1925Elephas maibeni Barbour
1926Elephas eellsi Hay
1929Archidiskodon sonoriensis Osborn
1929Elephas floridanus Osborn
1931Elephas columbi Elftman p. 12
1942Parelephas columbi Osborn
1942Parelephas floridanus Osborn
1942Parelephas jacksoni Osborn
1942Parelephas jeffersonii Osborn
1942Parelephas progressus Osborn
1942Parelephas roosevelti Osborn
1942Parelephas washingtonii Osborn
1953Mammuthus (Archidiskodon) imperator Haury et al. p. 21
1953Mammuthus (Parelephas) columbi Haury et al. p. 21
1955Mammuthus columbi Hibbard
1960Mammuthus columbi Hibbard and Taylor
1969Mammuthus columbi Aguirre
1969Mammuthus imperator Aguirre
1972Mammuthus columbi Lundelius, Jr.
1973Mammuthus columbi Maglio
1973Mammuthus imperator Maglio
1974Mammuthus columbi Puckette and Scholtz p. 55
1974Mammuthus imperator Puckette and Scholtz p. 55
1974Mammuthus jeffersoni Puckette and Scholtz p. 55
1976Mammuthus columbi Miller
1976Mammuthus imperator Miller
1980Mammuthus columbi Kurten and Anderson p. 351
1980Mammuthus jeffersonii Kurten and Anderson p. 352
1981Mammuthus jacksoni Madden
1981Elephas columbi Thurmond and Jones p. 181
1983Mammuthus imperator Madden
1986Mammuthus imperator Madden
1992Mammuthus imperator Dalquest and Schultz
1996Mammuthus imperator Shoshani and Tassy
1998Mammuthus columbi Hulbert, Jr. and Pratt
1999Mammuthus columbi Larson p. 532
2005Mammuthus columbi Agenbroad p. 74
2007Mammuthus imperator Christiansen p. 425

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
Tethytheria
orderProboscidea()
superfamilyElephantoidea
familyElephantidae
subfamilyElephantinaeGray 1821
tribeElephantiniGray 1821
genusMammuthusBrookes 1828
speciescolumbi(Falconer 1857)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available