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Spumellaria

Protozoa - Spumellaria

Subtaxa
Acaeniotylidae, Acanthopyle, Adiyamanium, Allocyrtium, Amphicyclia, Amphisphaera, Amphistylus, Anakrusidae, Angulobracchiidae, Antygoporidae, Archaeospongoprunidae, Artiscus, Aspiculumidae, Astractura, Astrococcus, Astrocyclia, Astromma, Astrosestrum, Astrosphaeridae, Beatricea, Bernoulliidae, Bipylospongia, Bolenidae, Callosphaera, Caltrop, Cannartidium, Cannartiscus, Cannartus, Capnuchosphaeridae, Caspiaza, Caucasicus, Cavaspongiidae, Cenodiscaella, Cenolarcopyle, Coccodiscidae, Coccolarcus, Conocaryommidae, Conosphaera, Cromyodruppocarpus, Cromyostaurolonche, Cryptolarancium, Cubotholonium, Cyrtiphaeronemium, Dactyliosphaeridae, Devoniglansus, Dicoccura, Dictyastrum, Didactylum, Diplactura, Distriactis, Domuzdagiidae, Doryconthidium, Dorydictyum, Dorydiscus, Dorydruppa, Dorylonchidium, Doryphacus, Doryplegma, Dorysphaera, Druppastylus, Druppocarpus, Druppula, Echinomma, Ellipsidium, Ellipsostylus, Emiluviidae, Entactiniacae, Entapiidae, Fontinella, Foremanella, Formanhelena, Franklinia, Futobari, Glomeropyle, Hagiastridae, Halidictyum, Haliomma, Haplopolus, Haplotaeniatumidae, Heliocladus, Heliodiscidae, Heliosoma, Heterosestrum, Hexacladus, Hexacromyum, Hexadoras, Hexaloncharium, Hexaporobrachiidae, Hexapylomellidae, Hexastylarium, Hymenactura, Kalimnasphaera, Kreyzstella, Labyrinthia, Lampasa, Larcidium, Larnacalpis, Larnacantha, Larnacillidae, Liosphaera, Lithapium, Lithatractus, Melittosphaera, Mendacastridae, Miropylidae, Natraglia, Ommatocampe, Ommatodiscus, Ommatospyris, Orbiculopylorum, Orosphaeridae, Orostaurs, Palaeotetraphyle, Pantanelliidae, Parabeothuka, Parasaturnalidae, Paratriassoastridae, Paratriassoastrum, Parvivaccidae, Patulibracchiidae, Pentactinocapus, Pentactura, Pentalastrum, Pentasphaera, Phacotriactis, Phantum, Phorticum, Phyletripes, Pipetta, Pipettaria, Plegmosphaera, Plussatispila, Praeconocaryommidae, Primaritripus, Prunocarpus, Pseudoacanthocircidae, Pseudoacanthosphaera, Pseudoaulophacidae, Pseudosaturnalis, Pyloniacea, Pyloniidae, Pyramispongiidae, Quasibeothuka, Rhodosphaera, Rhopalodictyum, Saturnaliacea, Schizodiscus, Sethodiscinus, Sethostaurus, Spironium, Spongasteriscus, Spongiomma, Spongoacanthus, Spongobrachium, Spongocoelia, Spongodiscacea, Spongodiscidae, Spongolonche, Spongopalliidae, Spongophacus, Spongosphaeradiscus, Sponguracea, Sponguridae, Srakaeosphaera, Stauracontium, Staurancistra, Staurococcura, Staurocromyum, Staurocyclia, Staurodictya, Staurodoras, Stauroplegma, Staurostylus, Stomatodiscus, Streblacantha, Stylosphaeridae, Stylostaurus, Styptosphaera, Suttoniidae, Tauridastrum, Tetrapylonium, Tetrarectangulum, Tetrasphaera, Tetriastrum, Thalassicola, Theodiscus, Tholomura, Tholoniidae, Tipperella, Trigonocyclia, Triplococcus, Tripodictya, Tritrabidae, Trochodiscus, Veghicycliidae, Vinassaspongus, Vitorfidae, Xiphodictya, Xiphostaurus, Zadrappolus, Zhuangodiscus, Zonodiscus

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Spumellaria Ehrenberg
1983Spumellaria Nazarov and Ormiston
2000Spumellaria Noble and Maletz p. 267
2001Spumellaria Buckman and Aitchison p. 363
2001Spumellaria De Wever et al. p. 107
2002Spumellaria Sepkoski
2002Spumellaria Won and Iams p. 9
2003Spumellaria Wang et al. p. 130
2004Spumellaria Feng et al. p. 384
2007Spumellaria Sharma and Takahashi p. 817
2007Spumellaria Won et al.
2008Spumellaria Maletz and Bruton p. 1190
2014Spumellaria Matsuzaki and Suzuki
2014Spumellaria Takahashi and Miyake p. 294

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RankNameAuthor
Life
Eukaryota()
classProtozoaGoldfuss 1820
subphylumSarcodinaSchmarda 1871
RankNameAuthor
classReticulareaLankester 1885
subclassRadiolaria(Müller 1858)
orderSpumellariaEhrenberg 1875
orderSpumellariaEhrenberg 1875

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Or. Spumellaria Ehrenberg 1875
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G. †Acanthopyle Deflandre 1963
+
Acanthopyle antiqua Deflandre 1963
G. †Adiyamanium Uzuncimen et al. 2011
+
Adiyamanium crassum Uzuncimen et al. 2011
G. Amphisphaera Haeckel 1882
+
Amphisphaera gracilis Campbell and Clark 1944
Amphisphaera mesotriassica Dumitrica et al. 1980
Amphisphaera neptunus Haeckel 1882
Amphisphaera tanzhiyuani Matsuzaki and Suzuki 2014
Fm. †Anakrusidae Nazarov 1977
+
G. †Anakrusa Nazarov 1977
+
Anakrusa conspersa Nazarov 1977
Anakrusa miriacantha Nazarov 1977
Invalid names: Auliela Nazarov 1977 [synonym]
Fm. †Angulobracchiidae Baumgartner 1980
+
G. †Angulobracchia Baumgartner 1980
+
Angulobracchia biordinalis Ozvoldova 1984
Angulobracchia digitata Baumgartner 1980
Angulobracchia media Steiger 1992
Angulobracchia portmanni Baumgartner 1984
Angulobracchia trifolia Steiger 1992
G. †Bistarkum Yeh 1987
+
Bistarkum bifurcum Yeh 1987
Bistarkum coriniforme Bragin 2007
Bistarkum cylindratum Carter 1993
Bistarkum martiali Feng et al. 2006
Bistarkum phantomense Carter et al. 1988
Bistarkum rhaeticum Tekin 2002
Bistarkum rigidium Yeh 1987
Bistarkum saginatum Yeh 1987
Invalid names: Bigrumpta Pessagno and Hull 2002 [synonym], Grumpta Pessagno and Hull 2002 [synonym]
G. Cyclastrum Rüst 1898
+
Cyclastrum asuncionense Whalen and Carter 2002
Cyclastrum decorum Petercakova 1992
Cyclastrum scammonense Whalen and Carter 2002
Cyclastrum veracruzense Whalen and Carter 2002
G. †Danubea Carter et al. 1998
+
Danubea howardi Carter et al. 1998
G. †Deviatus Li 1986
+
Deviatus diamphidius Foreman 1973
Deviatus hipposidericus Foreman 1975
G. †Loupanus Carter 1993
+
Loupanus thompsoni Carter 1993
G. †Paronaella Pessagno 1971
+
Paronaella araneae Hull 1997
Paronaella bandyi Pessagno 1977
Paronaella beatricia Carter 1993
Paronaella bifida Carter 1993
Paronaella bona Yeh 1987
Paronaella botanyensis Carter et al. 1998
Paronaella broennimanni Pessagno 1977
Paronaella cava Ozvoldova 1990
Paronaella claviformis Kozur and Mostler 1978
Paronaella coalescenda Kiessling 1999
Paronaella communis Squinabol 1903
Paronaella corpulenta De Wever 1981
Paronaella curticrassa Gorican et al. 2006
Paronaella denudata Rüst 1898
Paronaella fera Yeh 1987
Paronaella fera jamesi Carter et al. 1998
Paronaella gemmata De Wever 1981
Paronaella grahamensis Carter 1988
Paronaella hirsuta De Wever 1981
Paronaella impella Ormiston and Lane 1976
Paronaella inornata Hull 1997
Paronaella isariana Ohmert 2006
Paronaella kotura Baumgartner 1980
Paronaella mulleri Pessagno 1977
Paronaella multifera Yang 1993
Paronaella norica Kozur and Mock 1981
Paronaella notabilis Whalen and Carter 2002
Paronaella obesa Pessagno 1977
Paronaella pacofiensis Carter 1993
Paronaella pessagnoi Blome 1984
Paronaella pristidentata Baumgartner 1980
Paronaella pygmaea Baumgartner 1980
Paronaella ravenensis Carter et al. 1998
Paronaella skenaensis Carter et al. 1998
Paronaella skowkonaensis Carter 1988
Paronaella solanoensis Pessagno 1971
Paronaella speciosa Uzuncimen et al. 2011
Paronaella striata Kozur and Mostler 1990
Paronaella trammeri Kozur and Mostler 1978
Paronaella trifoliacea Ozvoldova 1992
Paronaella tripla De Wever 1981
Paronaella triporosa Holdsworth and Murchey 1988
Paronaella tubulata Steiger 1992
Paronaella turgida Ormiston and Lane 1976
Paronaella ultrabifida Carter 1993
Paronaella venusta Blome 1984
Paronaella yaogusensis Carter 1993
Invalid names: Archaeotriastrum De Wever 1981 [synonym], Sontonaella Yeh 1987 [synonym]
G. †Protopsium Pessagno and Poisson 1981
+
Protopsium ehrenbergi Pessagno and Poisson 1981
Protopsium gesponsa De Wever 1981
Protopsium ispartaensis Pessagno and Poisson 1981
Protopsium libidonosum De Wever 1981
Protopsium posinos De Wever 1981
G. †Serilla Carter 2007
+
Serilla tledoensis Carter 1993
Invalid names: Risella Carter 1993 [replaced]
G. †Thurstonia Carter et al. 1998
+
Thurstonia gibsoni Carter et al. 1998
Thurstonia magnaglobus Carter et al. 1998
Thurstonia minutaglobus Carter et al. 1998
Thurstonia timberensis Carter et al. 1998
Fm. †Antygoporidae Maletz and Bruton 2007
+
G. †Antygopora Maletz and Bruton 2005
+
Antygopora bella Maletz and Bruton 2007
Antygopora compacta Maletz and Bruton 2007
Antygopora intermediata Won and Iams 2015
Antygopora irregularia Maletz 2007
Antygopora labyrinthina Maletz and Bruton 2007
Antygopora littleportensis Won and Iams 2013
Antygopora microspina Maletz and Bruton 2007
Antygopora ordovicica Maletz and Bruton 2005
Fm. †Archaeospongoprunidae Pessagno 1973
+
G. †Archaeospongoprunum Pessagno 1973
+
Archaeospongoprunum bispinosum Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Invalid names: Archaeospongoprunum renaensis Pessagno 1977 [synonym]
Archaeospongoprunum coyotense Whalen and Carter 2002
Archaeospongoprunum hueyi Pessagno 1973
Archaeospongoprunum imlayi Pessagno 1977
Archaeospongoprunum klingi Pessagno 1977
Archaeospongoprunum mengi Feng et al. 2006
Archaeospongoprunum muyinense Feng et al. 2001
Archaeospongoprunum nishiyamae Nakaseko and Nishimura 1981
Archaeospongoprunum praeimlayi Pessagno et al. 1993
Archaeospongoprunum salumi Pessagno 1973
Invalid names: Palaeospongurus Kozur and Mostler 1981 [synonym]
G. †Copiellintra Nazarov and Ormiston 1985
+
Copiellintra bispina Nazarov and Afanasieva 2000
Copiellintra diploacantha Nazarov and Ormiston 1985
Copiellintra elongata Feng et al. 2006
Copiellintra fastuosa Nestell and Nestell 2010
Copiellintra ferula Noble and Jin 2010
Copiellintra laurelae Noble and Jin 2010
Copiellintra orbiculata Nestell and Nestell 2010
G. †Pegoxystris Sugiyama 1992
+
Pegoxystris mizutanii Sugiyama 1992
G. †Spongoprunum Haeckel 1887
+
Spongoprunum oligoporum Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Invalid names: Spongoprunum holodictyosum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Spongoprunum trispinosum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Wilvemia Pessagno et al. 1993
Fm. †Aspiculumidae Won et al. 2005
+
G. †Aspiculum Won et al. 2005
+
Aspiculum angulatum Won et al. 2005
Aspiculum densum Won et al. 2007
Aspiculum eccentricum Won et al. 2005
Aspiculum gigantium Won et al. 2007
Aspiculum jamesi Won et al. 2007
Aspiculum multistratum Won et al. 2007
G. Astromma Ehrenberg 1846
+
Astromma entomocora Ehrenberg 1854
Fm. †Astrosphaeridae Haeckel 1881
+
G. Arachnosphaera Haeckel 1862
G. Astrosphaera Haeckel 1887
Subfm. Astrosphaerinae Haeckel 1881
+
G. Anomalacantha Loeblich and Tappan 1961
+
Invalid names: Heteracantha Mast 1910 [replaced]
G. Anomalosoma Loeblich and Tappan 1961
+
Invalid names: Heterosoma Mast 1910 [replaced]
G. Astrospongus Mast 1910
G. Cladococcus Mueller 1856
+
Cladococcus bifurcus Haeckel 1862
Cladococcus lychnosphaerae Hollande and Enjumet 1960
G. Diplosphaera Haeckel 1860
G. †Drymosphaera Haeckel 1881
G. Elaphococcus Haeckel 1881
G. Haeckeliella Hollande and Enjumet 1960
G. Haplosphaera Hollande and Enjumet 1960
G. Heliosphaera Haeckel 1860
+
Heliosphaera alternata Aberdeen 1940
Heliosphaera clavata Hinde 1899
Heliosphaera haeckeli Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Heliosphaera macrospinosa Aberdeen 1940
Heliosphaera micropora Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Heliosphaera robusta Hinde 1899
Heliosphaera ruesti Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Heliosphaera tamworthi Hinde 1899
Heliosphaera venusta Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Invalid names: Heliosphaera bardanum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Heliosphaera fenestrata Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Heliosphaera kjrulfi Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Hexancistra Haeckel 1881
G. Hexapyramis Squinabol 1903
+
Hexapyramis triassica Kozur and Mostler 1979
G. Leptosphaera Haeckel 1887
G. Lychnosphaera Haeckel 1881
G. Porococcus Hollande and Enjumet 1960
G. Rhizoplegma Haeckel 1881
+
Invalid names: Rhizoplegma betulinum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Rhizospongus Mast 1910
G. Thalassoplegma Hollande and Enjumet 1960
G. †Beatricea Whalen and Carter 1998
+
Beatricea baroni Cordey 1998
Beatricea christovalensis Carter et al. 1998
Beatricea sanpabloensis Whalen and Carter 2002
Beatricea undulata Billings 1857
G. †Bipylospongia Noble 1994
+
Bipylospongia rudosa Noble 1994
G. †Caltrop Carter et al. 1988
G. †Cannartus
Fm. †Capnuchosphaeridae De Wever 1979
+
G. †Braginastrum Tekin 1999
+
Braginastrum curvatus Tekin 1999
G. †Capnuchosphaera De Wever 1979
+
Capnuchosphaera barnabasi Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera borbalae Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera bragini Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera ciliciensis Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera concava De Wever 1979
Capnuchosphaera constricta Kozur and Mock 1981
Capnuchosphaera cylindrica Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera deweveri Kozur and Mostler 1979
Capnuchosphaera goestlingensis Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera gracilispinosa Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera lenticulata Pessagno et al. 1979
Capnuchosphaera mersinensis Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera mexicana Pessagno et al. 1979
Capnuchosphaera mostleri Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera multispinosa Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera oesii Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera okayi Tekin 2002
Capnuchosphaera ottomanensis Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera theloides De Wever 1979
Capnuchosphaera tortuospinosa Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera triassica De Wever 1979
Capnuchosphaera tricornis De Wever 1979
Capnuchosphaera tumorspinosa Kozur et al. 2009
Capnuchosphaera tuvalica Kozur et al. 2009
G. †Catoma Blome 1983
+
Catoma concinna Blome 1983
Catoma geometrica Blome 1983
Catoma inedita Blome 1983
G. †Dicapnuchosphaera Tekin 1999
+
G. †Kinyrosphaera Bragin and Krylov 1999
+
Kinyrosphaera helicata Bragin and Krylov 1999
Kinyrosphaera trispinosa Bragin and Krylov 1999
Kinyrosphaera tuzcuae Tekin 1999
Invalid names: Nodocapnuchosphaera Tekin 1999 [synonym]
G. †Plafkerium Pessagno et al. 1979
+
Plafkerium abbotti Pessagno et al. 1979
Plafkerium antiquum Sugiyama 1992
Plafkerium confluens Dumitrica et al. 1980
Plafkerium contortum Dumitrica et al. 1980
Plafkerium fidicularium Carter 1993
Plafkerium gadoense Carter 1993
Plafkerium hindei Pessagno et al. 1979
Plafkerium keloense Carter 1993
Plafkerium muelleri Dumitrica et al. 1980
Plafkerium robustum Yeh 1989
G. †Saria Pessagno 1979
G. †Sarla Pessagno et al. 1979
+
Sarla delicata Blome 1983
Sarla externa Blome 1983
Sarla formosa Yeh 1989
Sarla natividadensis Pessagno et al. 1979
Sarla plena Blome 1983
Sarla prietoensis Pessagno et al. 1979
Sarla robusta Tekin 1999
Sarla transita Kozur and Mock 1981
Sarla triangulata Yeh 1989
Sarla vetusta Pessagno et al. 1979
Sarla vizcainoensis Pessagno et al. 1979
G. †Spinocapnuchosphaera Kozur et al. 2009
+
Spinocapnuchosphaera hantkeni Kozur et al. 2009
Spinocapnuchosphaera odoghertyi Kozur et al. 2009
Spinocapnuchosphaera szentei Kozur et al. 2009
Spinocapnuchosphaera szivesae Kozur et al. 2009
Spinocapnuchosphaera tekini Kozur et al. 2009
Spinocapnuchosphaera tricuspidata Kozur et al. 2009
Spinocapnuchosphaera venusta Kozur et al. 2009
G. †Sulovella Kozur and Mock 1981
G. †Tetracapnuchosphaera Kozur and Mostler 2006
+
Tetracapnuchosphaera voeroesi Kozur et al. 2009
G. †Weverella Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Weverella gracilispinosa Kozur et al. 2009
Weverella longispinosa Kozur et al. 2009
Weverella tetrabrachiata Kozur and Mostler 1979
G. †Caspiaza Afanasieva 1986
+
Caspiaza aculeata Afanasieva 1986
Caspiaza calva Afanasieva 1986
Caspiaza collaricostulata Afanasieva 1993
Caspiaza spinifera Afanasieva 1993
Caspiaza urceus Afanasieva 1986
Fm. †Cavaspongiidae Pessagno 1973
+
G. †Cavaspongia Pessagno 1973
+
Cavaspongia antelopensis Pessagno 1973
G. †Cavidiscus Pessagno 1976
G. †Dumitricaia Pessagno 1976
Fm. †Coccodiscidae Haeckel 1862
+
Subfm. Artiscinae Haeckel 1881
+
G. Cypassis Haeckel 1887
G. Diartus Sanfilippo and Riedel 1980
G. Didymocyrtis Haeckel 1862
+
Invalid names: Ommatartus Haeckel 1881 [synonym]
G. Spongoliva Haeckel 1887
+
Spongoliva ellipsoides Popofsky 1912
Subfm. Coccodiscinae Haeckel 1862
+
G. Coccocyclia Haeckel 1881
G. Coccodiscus Haeckel 1862
G. Heliostylus Haeckel 1881
G. Lithocyclia Ehrenberg 1847
+
Lithocyclia ocellus Ehrenberg 1854
Lithocyclia ulrichi Rüst 1892
Invalid names: Lithocyclia devoniensis Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium]
G. Periphaena Ehrenberg 1873
+
Periphaena decora Ehrenberg 1874
Periphaena delta Sanfilippo and Riedel 1973
G. Phacodiscus Haeckel 1881
G. Phacostaurus Haeckel 1881
G. Phacostylus Haeckel 1881
+
Phacostylus inokovkus Popova 2000
G. Sethostylus Haeckel 1881
G. Trigonactura Haeckel 1881
G. †Heliosestrum Haeckel 1881
+
Heliosestrum nigrum Hinde 1899
G. Stylocyclia Ehrenberg 1847
+
Stylocyclia dimidiata Ehrenberg 1874
Fm. †Conocaryommidae Lipman 1969
+
G. †Conocaryomma Lipman 1969
+
Conocaryomma dauerhafta Empson-Morin 1981
Conocaryomma glatta Empson-Morin 1981
+
Conosphaera transita Kozur and Mostler 1979
G. Cubotholonium Chen 1987
+
Fm. †Dactyliosphaeridae Squinabol 1904
+
G. †Dactyliosphaera Squinabol 1904
G. †Devoniglansus Wakamatsu et al. 1990
+
Devoniglansus unicus Wakamatsu et al. 1990
G. †Dicoccura
G. Dictyastrum Ehrenberg 1861
+
Dictyastrum angulatum Ehrenberg 1873
+
Invalid names: Distriactis vetusta Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Domuzdagiidae Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
+
G. †Domuzdagia Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
+
Domuzdagia deweveri Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
+
Dorydictyum magnum Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Dorydictyum minutum Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Invalid names: Dorydictyum simplex Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
+
Dorylonchidium antiquum Delfandre 1953
G. †Doryplegma Hinde 1890
+
Doryplegma armatum Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Doryplegma nux Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Doryplegma priscum Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Invalid names: Doryplegma gracile Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Doryplegma nasutum Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
G. †Dorysphaera Hinde 1890
+
Dorysphaera domanicensis Bykova 1955
Invalid names: Dorysphaera echinata Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Dorysphaera laxa Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Dorysphaera nucula Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Dorysphaera reticulata Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
+
Druppula simplex Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Invalid names: Druppula amygdalina Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula andreana Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula angustiporata Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula berberis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula cembra Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula cornus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula crucifera Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula endechinata Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula fixata Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Druppula silurica Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Invalid names: Echinomma oligacanthum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Invalid names: Ellipsidium aculeatum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Ellipsidium castanea Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Ellipsidium spinosum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Invalid names: Ellipsostylus obliquus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Emiluviidae Dumitrica 1995
+
G. †Emiluvia Foreman 1973
+
Emiluvia bacata Yeh 2011
Emiluvia brevispina Yeh 2011
Emiluvia chica Foreman 1973
Emiluvia goricanae Yeh 2009
Emiluvia hopsoni Pessagno 1977
Emiluvia kozuri Yeh 2009
Emiluvia lowercoonensis Pessagno et al. 1993
Emiluvia omanensis Kiessling 1995
Emiluvia ordinaria Ozvoldova 1984
Emiluvia orea Baumgartner 1980
Emiluvia parvinodosa Kiessling 1999
Emiluvia pentaporata Steiger and Steiger 1994
Emiluvia pessagnoi Foreman 1973
Emiluvia premyogii Baumgartner 1984
Emiluvia salensis Pessagno 1977
Emiluvia sedecimporata Rüst 1885
Emiluvia splendida Carter 1988
Invalid names: Tympaneides Carter et al. 1988 [synonym]
G. †Kreutzstella Empson-Morin 1981
+
Kreutzstella vierkantiga Empson-Morin 1981
Fm. †Entapiidae De Wever et al. 2001
+
G. †Entapium Sanfilippo and Riedel 1973
G. †Zealithapium O'Connor 1999
G. †Fontinella Carter 1993
+
Fontinella clara Carter 1993
Fontinella habros Carter 1993
Fontinella inflata Carter 1993
Fontinella louisensis Carter 1993
Fontinella primitiva Carter 1993
G. †Franklinia Jones and Noble 2006
+
Franklinia dipulvisphaera Jones and Noble 2006
Franklinia tricae Jones and Noble 2006
G. †Futobari Furutani 1990
+
Futobari jingamoriensis Aitchison et al. 1996
Futobari morishitai Furutani 1990
Futobari solidus Furutani 1990
Futobari tosaensis Aitchison et al. 1996
G. †Glomeropyle Aita and Bragin 1999
Fm. †Hagiastridae Riedel 1971
+
G. †Archaeohagiastrum Baumgartner 1984
+
Archaeohagiastrum longipes Baumgartner 1995
Archaeohagiastrum munitum Baumgartner 1984
Archaeohagiastrum pobi Carter et al. 1998
G. †Crucella Pessagno 1971
+
Crucella angulosa Carter 1988
Crucella angulosa longibrachiata Gorican et al. 2006
Crucella beata Yeh 1987
Crucella cachensis Pessagno 1971
Crucella carteri Kozur and Mostler 1990
Crucella cavata Carter et al. 1998
+
Crucella cavata intermedicava Gorican et al. 2006
Crucella cavata giganticava Gorican et al. 2006
Crucella collina Jud 1994
Crucella concinna Yeh 2011
Crucella espartoensis Pessagno 1971
Crucella flowerpotensis Carter 1993
Crucella hettangica Kozur and Mostler 1990
Crucella irwini Pessagno 1971
Crucella jadeae Gorican et al. 2006
Crucella kaisunensis Carter et al. 1998
Crucella magna Blome 1984
+
Invalid names: Crucella angulata Yang 1993 [synonym]
Crucella messinae Pessagno 1971
Crucella mexicana Yang 1993
Crucella mijo De Wever 1981
Crucella mirabunda Whalen and Carter 2002
Crucella plana Pessagno 1971
Crucella prisca Kozur and Mostler 1990
Crucella spongase De Wever 1981
Crucella squama Kozlova 1971
Crucella tenuis Tekin 1999
Crucella theokaftensis Baumgartner 1980
Invalid names: Advena Hull 1997 [synonym]
G. †Hagiastrum Haeckel 1881
+
Hagiastrum baloghi Kozur and Mostler 1978
Hagiastrum goestlingense Kozur and Mostler 1978
Hagiastrum karnicum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Hagiastrum longispinosum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Hagiastrum macrum De Wever 1981
+
Invalid names: Tetratrabs imlayi Yeh 1987 [synonym]
Hagiastrum majusculum Carter et al. 1998
Hagiastrum obesum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Hagiastrum rudimentum Carter et al. 1998
G. †Higumastra Baumgartner 1980
+
Higumastra devilsgapensis Pessagno et al. 1993
Higumastra exigua Yeh 2011
Higumastra hui Yeh 2011
Higumastra imbricata Ozvoldova 1979
Higumastra inflata Baumgartner 1980
Higumastra laxa Yeh 1987
+
Invalid names: Higumastra splendida Yeh 1987 [synonym]
Higumastra lupheri Yeh 1987
Higumastra scassoi Kiessling 1999
Higumastra transversa Blome 1984
G. †Monotrabs Baumgartner 1984
G. †Pobum De Wever 1981
+
Pobum infinitum Pessagno and Poisson 1981
G. †Pseudocrucella Baumgartner 1980
+
Pseudocrucella kubischa Empson-Morin 1981
Pseudocrucella ornata De Wever 1981
+
Invalid names: Pseudocrucella jurassica Yeh 1987 [synonym]
Pseudocrucella sanfilippoae Pessagno 1977
G. †Pseudohagiastrum Pessagno 1979
+
Pseudohagiastrum giganteum Carter and Hori 2005
G. †Pseudohigumastra Yang 1993
+
G. †Pterotrabs Dumitrica 1997
G. †Savaryella Jud 1994
G. †Sophia Carter et al. 1998
+
Sophia palfyi Carter et al. 1998
Sophia tuberis Carter et al. 1998
G. †Tetraditryma Baumgartner 1980
+
Tetraditryma coldspringensis Pessagno et al. 1993
Tetraditryma praeplena Baumgartner 1984
Tetraditryma pseudoplena Baumgartner 1980
Invalid names: Saldorfus Pessagno, Jr. et al. 1993 [synonym]
G. †Tetraporobrachia Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Tetraporobrachia asymmetrica Kozur and Mostler 1981
Tetraporobrachia haeckeli Kozur and Mostler 1979
Invalid names: Pentaporobrachia Kozur and Mostler 1981 [synonym]
G. †Tetratrabs Baumgartner 1980
+
Tetratrabs bulbosa Baumgartner 1980
Tetratrabs izeensis Yeh 1987
Tetratrabs noricus Carter 1993
Tetratrabs radix Jud 1994
Tetratrabs zealis Ozvoldova 1979
+
Invalid names: Tetratrabs gratiosa Baumgartner 1980 [synonym]
G. †Udalia Carter et al. 1998
+
Udalia dennisoni Carter et al. 1998
Udalia parvacapsa Carter et al. 1998
Udalia plana Carter et al. 1998
Udalia primaeva Carter et al. 1998
G. Haliomma Ehrenberg 1838
+
Haliomma aequorea Ehrenberg 1844
Haliomma antiquum Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Haliomma beroes Ehrenberg 1844
Haliomma giganteum Rüst 1898
Haliomma medusa Ehrenberg 1839
Haliomma paternum Deflandre 1960
Haliomma perfecta Aberdeen 1940
Haliomma sewellense Carter 1993
Haliomma triactis Ehrenberg 1875
Invalid names: Haliomma cornutum Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Haliomma speciosum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Haliomma stigmophorum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Haliomma vetustum Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
G. †Haplopolus Li 1994
+
Haplopolus dipolus Li 1994
Fm. †Haplotaeniatumidae Won et al 2002
+
G. †Haplotaeniatum Nazarov and Ormiston 1993
+
Haplotaeniatum aperturatum Noble et al. 1997
Haplotaeniatum cathenatum Nazarov and Ormiston 1993
Haplotaeniatum circulus Pouille and Danelian 2014
Haplotaeniatum fenestratum Goto et al. 1992
Haplotaeniatum fissura MacDonald 2006
Haplotaeniatum giganteum Pouille and Danelian 2014
Haplotaeniatum labyrintheum Nazarov and Ormiston 1993
Haplotaeniatum nunavutensis MacDonald 2006
Haplotaeniatum ovatum Noble and Webby 2009
Haplotaeniatum prolatum Noble and Webby 2009
Haplotaeniatum spinatum Goto et al. 1992
Haplotaeniatum tegimentum Nazarov and Ormiston 1990
Haplotaeniatum vertigospongum Jones and Noble 2006
Fm. Heliodiscidae Haeckel 1881
+
G. Astrophacus Haeckel 1881
+
Astrophacus cingulatus Aberdeen 1940
G. Excentrococcus Dumitrica 1978
G. Excentrodiscus Hollande and Enjumet 1960
G. Excentrosphaerella Dumitrica 1978
G. Heliodiscus Haeckel 1862
+
Heliodiscus tunicatus O'Connor 1997
Invalid names: Heliodiscus acucinctus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Heliodiscus saturnalis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Heliosoma ehrenbergi Kozur and Mostler 1979
Heliosoma minima Kozur and Mostler 1979
Heliosoma mojsisovicsi Rüst 1892
Invalid names: Heliosoma roemeri Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Hexacladus speciosus Deflandre 1960
G. †Hexadoras
Fm. †Hexaporobrachiidae Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
G. †Hexaporobrachia Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Hexaporobrachia riedeli Kozur and Mostler 1979
G. †Icrioma De Wever 1979
+
Icrioma cistella Carter 1993
Icrioma cruciformis Tekin 1999
Icrioma praecipua Blome 1983
Icrioma tetrancistrum De Wever 1979
Icrioma transversa Blome 1983
Invalid names: Paricrioma Tekin 1999 [synonym]
G. †Nazarovella Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Nazarovella tetrafurcata Kozur and Mostler 1979
Fm. †Hexapylomellidae Kozur and Mosder 1979
+
G. †Hexapylomella Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Hexapylomella carnica Kozur and Mostler 1979
Subfm. †Muelleritortiinae Kozur 1988
+
G. †Ditortis Kozur 1988
+
Ditortis recskensis Kozur 1988
G. †Praenanina Kozur 1994
+
Praenanina veghae Kozur 1994
G. †Kalimnasphaera Webby and Blom 1986
+
Kalimnasphaera maculosa Webby and Blom 1986
G. †Labyrinthia Maletz and Bruton 2007
+
Labyrinthia inexpectata Maletz and Bruton 2007
Labyrinthia robusta Maletz 2007
G. †Lampasa Hull 1997
Fm. Larnacillidae Haeckel 1887
+
Subfm. Circodiscinae Dumitrica 1989
+
G. Circodiscus Petrushevskaya and Kozlova 1972
+
Invalid names: Plectodiscus Petrushevskaya and Kozlova 1972 [synonym]
Subfm. Cryptolarnaciinae Dumitrica 1989
+
G. Coccolarnacium Dumitrica 1989
G. Cryptolarnacium Dumitrica 1989
G. Spongopyle Dreyer 1889
+
Spongopyle insolita Kozlova 1966
Subfm. †Histriastrinae Dumitrica 1989
+
G. Amphymenium Haeckel 1882
+
Amphymenium krautii Rüst 1892
Invalid names: Amphymenium alienum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Histiastrum Ehrenberg 1847
+
Histiastrum aster Lipman 1952
Histiastrum crux Lipman 1952
Histiastrum irregularis Lipman 1952
Histiastrum latum Lipman 1960
Histiastrum quaternarium Ehrenberg 1874
G. †Stauralastrum Haeckel 1887
+
G. †Stephanastrum Ehrenberg 1847
+
Stephanastrum rhombus Ehrenberg 1847
Subfm. Larnacillinae Haeckel 1887
+
G. Larnacilla Haeckel 1887
G. Larnacopylomma Dumitrica 1989
+
Invalid names: Liosphaera devoniensis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Liosphaera mera Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Lithapium claviformis Nazarov 1973
Lithapium tesiensis Nazarov 1973
Invalid names: Lithapium siluricum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Lithatractus pusillus Campbell and Clark 1944
Invalid names: Lithatractus brevispinus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Lithatractus mejeri Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Lithatractus perforatus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Mendacastridae Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
+
G. †Mendacastrum Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
+
Mendacastrum aculeatum Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
Mendacastrum baumgartneri Dumitrica and Zügel 2002
Fm. †Miropylidae Dumitrica 1988
+
G. †Miropyle Dumitrica 1988
G. †Natraglia Pessagno et al. 1979
+
Natraglia luminosa Pessagno et al. 1979
Natraglia unica Pessagno et al. 1979
G. Ommatocampe Ehrenberg 1861
+
Ommatocampe polyarthra Ehrenberg 1873
G. Ommatospyris Ehrenberg 1861
+
Ommatospyris apicata Ehrenberg 1873
G. †Orbiculopylorum Noble et al. 1997
+
Orbiculopylorum adobensis Noble et al. 1997
Orbiculopylorum granti McDonald 2006
Orbiculopylorum marginatum Noble et al. 1997
Orbiculopylorum splendens Noble et al. 1997
Fm. †Orosphaeridae Haeckel 1887
+
G. Orodapis Friend and Riedel 1967
G. Oropelex Friend and Riedel 1967
G. Oroscena Haeckel 1887
G. Orosphaera Haeckel 1887
G. Orostaurus Friend and Riedel 1967
Fm. †Pantanelliidae Pessagno 1977
+
Subfm. †Capnodocinae Pessagno et al. 1979
+
G. †Capnodoce De Wever 1979
+
Capnodoce anapetes De Wever 1979
Capnodoce angusta Blome 1983
Capnodoce antiqua Blome 1983
Capnodoce baldiensis Blome 1983
Capnodoce beaulieui Blome 1983
Capnodoce copiosa Blome 1983
Capnodoce crystallina Pessagno et al. 1979
Capnodoce extenta Blome 1983
Capnodoce fragilis Blome 1983
Capnodoce gracilis Yeh 1989
Capnodoce insueta Blome 1983
Capnodoce kochi Blome 1983
Capnodoce malaca Blome 1983
Capnodoce media Blome 1983
Capnodoce minuscula Blome 1983
Capnodoce minuta Yeh 1989
Capnodoce primaria Pessagno et al. 1979
Capnodoce ruesti Kozur and Mock 1981
Capnodoce sarisa De Wever 1979
Capnodoce sinuosa Blome 1983
Capnodoce traversi Pessagno et al. 1979
Capnodoce venusta Pessagno et al. 1979
G. †Justium Blome 1983
+
Justium medium Yeh 1989
Justium novum Blome 1983
Justium robustum Blome 1983
G. †Loffa Pessagno et al. 1979
+
Loffa lepida Blome 1983
Loffa mulleri Pessagno et al. 1979
Loffa vesterensis Blome 1983
G. †Renzium Blome 1983
+
Renzium adversum Blome 1983
Renzium tricarinatum Tekin 1999
Renzium webergorum Blome 1983
G. †Ellipsoxiphus Dunikowski 1882
+
Invalid names: Ellipsoxiphus hystrix Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Ellipsoxiphus procerus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Liassobetraccium Kozur 1996
+
Liassobetraccium bavaricum Kozur and Mostler 1990
Liassobetraccium hettangicum Kozur and Mostler 1990
Liassobetraccium inaequiporatum Kozur and Mostler 1990
Liassobetraccium verticispinosum Kozur and Mostler 1990
Subfm. †Pantanelliinae Pessagno 1977
+
G. †Betraccium Pessagno et al. 1979
+
Betraccium chengi Yeh 1992
Betraccium deweveri Pessagno and Blome 1980
Betraccium inornatum Blome 1984
Betraccium irregulare Bragin 2007
Betraccium kennecottense Carter 1993
Betraccium maclearni Pessagno and Blome 1980
Betraccium nodulum Carter 1993
Betraccium perilense Carter 1993
Betraccium smithi Pessagno et al. 1979
G. †Cantalum Pessagno et al. 1979
+
Cantalum gratum Carter 1993
Cantalum holdsworthi Pessagno et al. 1979
Cantalum tianense Carter 1993
G. †Cecrops Pessagno 1977
+
Cecrops septemporatus Parona 1890
G. †Gorgansium Pessagno and Blome 1980
+
Gorgansium alpinum Kozur and Mostler 1990
Gorgansium blomi Kozur and Mostler 1990
Gorgansium browni Yeh 1989
Gorgansium morganense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Gorgansium pulchrum Kocher 1981
Gorgansium silviesense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Gorgansium steigeri Kiessling 1999
Gorgansium thayeri Yeh 1989
Gorgansium yangi Yeh 1987
G. †Pachyoncus Pessagno and Blome 1980
+
Pachyoncus crassus Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pachyoncus floreus Yeh 2009
Pachyoncus tumidus Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pachyoncus varius Pessagno and Blome 1980
G. †Pantanellium Pessagno 1977
+
Pantanellium bangaense Cheng 1992
Pantanellium berriasianum Baumgartner 1984
Pantanellium brevispinum Gorican et al. 2006
Pantanellium browni Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium cantuchapai Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium carlense Carter et al. 1998
Pantanellium coronense Cheng 1992
Pantanellium danaense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium fischeri Pessagno 1973
Pantanellium formosum Yang 1993
Pantanellium fosteri Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium foveatum Mizutani and Kido 1983
Pantanellium freboldi Carter et al. 1998
Pantanellium heimi Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium inornatum Pessagno and Poisson 1981
Pantanellium josephinense Pessagno et al. 1993
Pantanellium kluense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium kungaense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium meraceibaense Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium newkluense Carter 1993
Pantanellium nodaculeatum Steiger 1992
Pantanellium oligoporum Vinassa de Regny 1899
Pantanellium parvulum Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium quintachillaense Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium ranchitoense Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium rarum Hull 1997
Pantanellium riedeli Pessagno 1977
Pantanellium silberlingi Pessagno et al. 1979
Pantanellium sincerum Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium sixi Carter et al. 1998
Pantanellium skedansense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium skidegatense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium squinaboli Tan Sin Hok 1927
+
Invalid names: Pantanellium corriganensis Pessagno 1977 [synonym]
Pantanellium tanuense Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium tierrablancaense Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium tozeri Pessagno et al. 1979
Pantanellium ultrasincerum Pessagno and Blome 1980
Pantanellium westermanni Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium whalenae Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Pantanellium wui Yeh 1987
G. †Pseudopantanellium Yeh 1987
+
G. †Trillus Pessagno and Blome 1980
+
Trillus elkhornensis Pessagno and Blome 1980
G. †Zartus Pessagno and Blome 1980
+
Zartus jurassicus Pessagno and Blome 1980
Zartus stellatus Gorican et al. 2006
Zartus thayeri Pessagno and Blome 1980
Subfm. †Vallupinae Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
+
G. †Bivallupus Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
+
Bivallupus primigenius Yang and Pessagno 1989
G. †Mesovallupus Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
+
Mesovallupus guadalupensis Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Mesovallupus limbus Cheng 1992
Mesovallupus nawalpa Cheng 1992
G. †Neovallupus Yang and Pessago 1989
+
Neovallupus modestus Yang and Pessagno 1989
G. †Protovallupus Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
+
Protovallupus difficilis Kiessling 1999
Protovallupus directus Cheng 1992
Protovallupus excellens Yang and Pessagno 1989
Protovallupus firmus Cheng 1992
Protovallupus tetlamaensis Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Protovallupus vaticinus Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
Protovallupus yangi Cheng 1992
G. †Supervallupus Yang and Pessago 1989
G. †Vallupus Pessagno and Blome 1984
+
Vallupus hopsoni Pessagno and Blome 1984
Vallupus japonicus Kawabata 1988
+
Invalid names: Vallupus laxus Yang and Pessagno 1989 [synonym]
Vallupus zeissi Pessagno and MacLeod 1987
G. Xiphosphaera Haeckel 1882
+
Xiphosphaera brachyacantha Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Xiphosphaera macracantha Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Xiphosphaera parva Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Xiphosphaera spinifera Pulfrey 1932
Invalid names: Xiphosphaera macrostyla Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Parabeothuka Won and Iams 2015
+
Parabeothuka haeckeliana Won and Iams 2015
Parabeothuka transformis Won and Iams 2015
Fm. †Parasaturnalidae Kozur and Mostler 1972
+
G. †Japonisaturnalis Kozur and Mostler 1972
+
Invalid names: Parasaturnalis [synonym]
G. †Liassosaturnalis Kozur and Mostler 1990
+
Liassosaturnalis parvus Kozur and Mostler 1990
Liassosaturnalis undulatus Kozur and Mostler 1990
Fm. †Paratriassoastridae Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
G. †Triassoastrum Kozur and Mostler 1978
+
Triassoastrum transitum Kozur and Mostler 1978
G. †Paratriassoastrum Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Paratriassoastrum parvum Kozur and Mostler 1981
Fm. †Parvivaccidae Pessagno and Yang 1989
+
Subfm. †Acaeniotylinae Yang 1993
+
G. †Acaeniotyle Foreman 1973
+
Acaeniotyle gedrangta Empson-Morin 1981
Acaeniotyle parva Yang 1993
Acaeniotyle rebellis O'Dogherty 1994
Acaeniotyle starka Empson-Morin 1981
Acaeniotyle umbilicata Rüst 1898
G. †Acaeniotylopsis Kito and De Wever 1994
+
Acaeniotylopsis ghostensis Carter et al. 1988
Acaeniotylopsis triacanthus Kito and De Wever 1994
Acaeniotylopsis variatus Kito and De Wever 1994
G. †Acastea Yang 1993
+
Acastea acer Yang 1993
Acastea bipes Yang 1993
Acastea diaphorogona Foreman 1973
Acastea minispinea Yang 1993
G. †Acusten Yang 1993
+
Acusten glebulosa Foreman 1973
G. †Nolita Hull 1997
G. †Novitripus Hull 1997
G. †Praeconosphaera Yang 1993
+
Praeconosphaera antiqua Parona 1890
Praeconosphaera tuberosa Tan Sin Hok 1927
Subfm. †Heleninae Hull 1997
+
G. †Helena Hull 1997
G. †Tappanella Hull 1997
Subfm. †Leugeoninae Yang and Wang 1990
+
G. †Hexasphaera Hull 1997
G. †Leugeo Yang and Wang 1990
+
Leugeo hexacubica Baumgartner 1984
Leugeo hullae Yeh 2009
Leugeo mirificus Kiessling 1995
Leugeo ordinarius Yang and Wang 1990
Leugeo parvispinata Hull 1997
G. †Levileugeo Yang and Wang 1990
Subfm. †Parvivaccinae Pessagno and Yang 1989
+
G. †Dicroa Foreman 1975
+
Dicroa periosa Foreman 1975
G. †Lanubus Pessagno and Yang 1989
+
Lanubus alatus Yeh 2011
Lanubus dickinsoni Pessagno et al. 1989
Lanubus hattorii Yeh 2011
Lanubus holdsworthi Pessagno et al. 1989
Lanubus purus Pessagno et al. 1989
Invalid names: Diactoma [synonym]
G. †Parvivacca Pessagno et al. 1989
+
Parvivacca blomei Pessagno et al. 1989
Parvivacca simplex Pessagno et al. 1989
Fm. †Patulibracchiidae Pessagno 1971
+
G. †Fluegelium Steiger and Steiger 1994
G. †Halesium Pessagno 1971
+
Halesium irregularis Steiger 1992
Halesium latifolia Steiger 1992
Halesium lineatum Jud 1994
Halesium triacanthum Squinabol 1903
G. †Homoeoparonaella Baumgartner 1980
+
Homoeoparonaella argolidensis Baumgartner 1980
Homoeoparonaella asymmetrica Kozur and Mostler 1992
Homoeoparonaella elegans Pessagno 1977
Homoeoparonaella gigantea Baumgartner 1980
Homoeoparonaella lowryensis Whalen and Carter 2002
Subfm. †Patulibracchiinae Pessagno 1971
+
G. †Amphibrachium Hertwig 1879
+
Invalid names: Amphibrachium bacillum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Amphibrachium desecatum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Amphibrachium devoniense Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Amphibrachium inaequale Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Amphibrachium pulchellum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Spongolena [synonym]
G. †Patulibracchium Pessagno 1971
+
Patulibracchium davisi Pessagno 1971
Patulibracchium ruesti Pessagno 1971
Patulibracchium ungulae Pessagno 1971
G. †Pessagnobrachia Kozur and Mostler 1978
+
Pessagnobrachia fabianii Squinabol 1914
G. †Santonaella Yeh 1987
G. †Triassocrucella Kozur 1984
+
Triassocrucella triassica Kozur and Mostler 1978
G. †Trimanicula Dumitrica 1991
G. Pentactura Haeckel 1882
+
Pentactura pentactis Ehrenberg 1874
+
Invalid names: Pentalastrum primitivum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Phantum Hull 1997
+
Plegmosphaera spiculata Aberdeen 1940
G. †Plussatispila MacDonald 2006
+
Plussatispila aethra Jones and Noble 2006
Plussatispila delicata MacDonald 2006
Plussatispila magnilimax MacDonald 2006
Plussatispila pellicia MacDonald 2006
Fm. †Praeconocaryommidae Pessagno 1976
+
G. †Phaenicosphaera Haeckel 1887
G. †Praeconocaryomma Pessagno 1976
+
Praeconocaryomma bajaensis Gorican et al. 2006
Praeconocaryomma lipmanae Pessagno 1976
Praeconocaryomma matsuokai Kiessling 1999
Praeconocaryomma media Pessagno and Poisson 1981
Praeconocaryomma parvimamma Pessagno and Poisson 1981
Praeconocaryomma sarahae Gorican et al. 2006
Praeconocaryomma universa Pessagno 1976
Praeconocaryomma yakounensis Gorican et al. 2006
G. †Primaritripus Afanasieva and Amon
+
Primaritripus buribayensis Afanasieva and Amon 2008
Primaritripus chuvashovi Afanasieva and Amon 2008
Primaritripus kariukmasensis Afanasieva and Amon 2009
Fm. †Pseudoacanthocircidae Kozur and Mostler 1990
+
G. †Stauromesosaturnalis Kozur and Mostler 1990
+
Stauromesosaturnalis deweveri Kozur and Mostler 1990
+
Invalid names: Stauracanthocircus sanrafaelensis Whalen and Carter 2002 [synonym]
Stauromesosaturnalis schizospinosus Kozur and Mostler 1990
Invalid names: Triacanthocircus Kozur and Mostler 1990 [synonym]
G. †Pseudoacanthosphaera O'Dogherty 1994
+
Pseudoacanthosphaera galeata O'Dogherty 1994
Fm. †Pseudoaulophacidae Riedel 1967
+
G. †Alievium Pessagno 1972
+
Alievium gallowayi White 1928
Alievium helenae Schaaf 1981
Alievium murphyi Pessagno 1972
Alievium nodulosum Dumitrica 1997
Alievium praegallowayi Pessagno 1972
Alievium superbum Squinabol 1914
Alievium zartum Empson-Morin 1981
G. †Becus Wu 1986
G. †Godia Wu 1986
+
Godia concava Li and Wu 1985
Godia gorkae Ohmert 2006
Godia tuberculata Wu and Li 1982
Subfm. Pentapyloniinae De Wever et al. 2001
+
G. Pentapylonium Dumitrica 1991
Subfm. †Pseudoaulophacinae Riedel 1967
+
G. †Dactyliodiscus Squinabol 1903
+
G. †Dispongotripus Squinabol 1903
G. †Pseudoaulophacus Pessagno 1963
+
Pseudoaulophacus putahensis Pessagno 1972
Pseudoaulophacus sculptus Squinabol 1904
Pseudoaulophacus vielseitigus Empson-Morin 1981
Invalid names: Pessagnoella Kozur and Mostler 1978 [synonym]
Superfm. Pyloniacea Haeckel 1881
+
Fm. †Catenopylidae Dumitrica 1989
+
G. †Catenopyle Dumitrica 1989
G. †Praecatenopyle Dumitrica 1989
Fm. †Orbiculiformidae Pessagno 1973
+
G. †Orbiculiforma Pessagno 1973
+
Orbiculiforma australis Pessagno 1975
Orbiculiforma campbellensis Pessagno 1975
Orbiculiforma goestlingensis Kozur and Mostler 1978
Orbiculiforma hullae Kiessling 1999
Orbiculiforma iniqua Blome 1984
Orbiculiforma kanayamaensis Mizutani 1981
Orbiculiforma lowreyensis Pessagno 1977
Orbiculiforma mclaughlini Pessagno 1977
Orbiculiforma multa Kozlova 1966
Orbiculiforma multifora Pessagno and Poisson 1981
Orbiculiforma plana Hori 1999
Orbiculiforma quadrata Pessagno 1973
Orbiculiforma radiata De Wever 1981
Orbiculiforma renillaeformis Campbell and Clark 1944
Orbiculiforma sakaii Mizutani 1981
Orbiculiforma vacaensis Pessagno 1973
G. †Orbiculiformella Kozur and Mostler 1978
+
+
Invalid names: Orbiculiforma kwunaensis Carter 1988 [objective synonym]
Orbiculiformella mediocircus Gorican et al. 2006
G. †Pseudogodia Tekin 1999
+
Pseudogodia deweveri Gorican et al. 2006
Pseudogodia sonmezi Tekin 1999
G. †Spongiostoma Carter et al. 1988
G. Spongostaurus Haeckel 1882
+
Spongostaurus australis Kiessling 1999
Spongostaurus compactus Kiessling 1995
Spongostaurus hokkaidoensis Taketani 1982
Fm. †Patruliidae Dumitrica 1989
+
G. †Patrulius Dumitrica 1989
G. †Tetratholura Dumitrica 1989
Fm. Pyloniidae Haeckel 1881
+
Subfm. Dipylissinae Dumitrica 1988
+
G. Dipylissa Dumitrica 1988
Subfm. †Palaeotetrapylinae Dumitrica 1988
+
G. †Palaeotetrapyle Dumitrica 1988
G. Phorticium Haeckel 1881
+
Phorticium polycladum Tan and Tchang 1976
Phorticium pylonium Haeckel 1887
Invalid names: Phorticium macropylium Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Subfm. Pylodiscinae Haeckel 1887
+
G. Hexapyle Haeckel 1881
G. Larcopyle Dreyer 1889
+
Larcopyle cervicornis Haeckel 1887
G. Pylodiscus Haeckel 1887
+
G. Pylolena Haeckel 1887
Subfm. Pyloniinae Dumitrica 1989
+
G. Larcospira Haeckel 1887
G. Octopyle Haeckel 1881
G. Pylospira Haeckel 1887
G. Spirema Haeckel 1887
G. Tetrapyle Haeckel 1858
+
Tetrapyle octacantha Müller 1859
Invalid names: Pylonium Haeckel 1881 [synonym]
G. Trizonium Haeckel 1887
+
Invalid names: Echinosphaera Hertwig 1879 [replaced], Trizonites Haeckel 1887 [synonym]
Fm. †Pyramispongiidae Kozur and Mostler 1978
+
G. †Copiconulus Feng et al. 2006
+
Copiconulus acanthicus Feng et al. 2006
Copiconulus solidus Feng et al. 2006
G. †Ellipsocopicyntra Kozur and Mostler 1989
+
Ellipsocopicyntra acantha Feng et al. 2006
Ellipsocopicyntra oviformis Kozur and Mostler 1989
Ellipsocopicyntra sakmaraensis Kozur and Mostler 1989
Ellipsocopicyntra wani Feng et al. 2006
G. †Katorella Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Katorella bifurcata Kozur and Mostler 1981
Katorella trifurcata Kozur and Mostler 1994
Invalid names: Discokatorella Kozur and Mostler 1994 [synonym]
G. †Kulacella Kozur and Mostler 1981
G. †Paurinella Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Paurinella aequispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1981
Paurinella curvata Kozur and Mostler 1994
Paurinella latispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1994
Paurinella mesotriassica Kozur and Mostler 1981
Invalid names: Intermediella Lahm 1984 [synonym], Neopaurinella Kozur and Mostler 1981 [objective synonym]
G. †Pyramispongia Pessagno 1973
+
Invalid names: Nodotetraedra [synonym]
G. †Rikivatella Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Invalid names: Triassospongosphaera Kozur and Mostler 1981 [synonym]
G. †Tetrapaurinella Kozur and Mostler 1994
+
Tetrapaurinella discoidalis Kozur and Mostler 1994
Tetrapaurinella nanjingensis Zhang et al. 1992
Tetrapaurinella tetrahedrica Kozur and Mostler 1994
G. †Yujingella Feng et al. 2006
+
Yujingella triacantha Feng et al. 2006
G. †Quasibeothuka Wang 2008
+
Quasibeothuka ovata Wang 2008
+
Invalid names: Rhodosphaera crucifera Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Rhodosphaera devoniensis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Rhodosphaera idonea Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Rhodosphaera pulchra Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Rhodosphaera ruesti Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium]
G. Rhopalodictyum Ehrenberg 1860
+
Rhopalodictyum abyssorum Ehrenberg 1873
Rhopalodictyum fragilis Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum glaber Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum hirsutum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum nudum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum parvispinosum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum reiflingensis Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum robustum Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum simoni Kozur and Mostler 1978
Rhopalodictyum suborbiformis Kozur and Mostler 1978
Invalid names: Rhopalodictyum astrictum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Superfm. †Saturnaliacea Deflandre 1953
+
Fm. †Archaeoacanthocircidae Kozur et al. 2007
+
G. †Archaeoacanthocircus Kozur et al. 2007
+
Archaeoacanthocircus ovalis Kozur et al. 2007
Archaeoacanthocircus transitus Kozur et al. 2007
G. †Huglusphaera Kozur et al. 2007
+
Huglusphaera aperta Kozur et al. 2007
Huglusphaera aspinosa Kozur et al. 2007
Huglusphaera weemsi Kozur et al. 2007
Huglusphaera yini Kozur et al. 2007
Huglusphaera zakharovi Kozur et al. 2007
Fm. †Heliosaturnalidae Kozur and Mostler 1972
+
G. †Angulocircus Lahm 1984
+
G. †Schizodiscus Dogiel' and Reshetnyak 1952
+
Schizodiscus disymmetricus Dogiel' and Reshetnyak 1952
Schizodiscus japonicus Matsuzaki and Suzuki 2014
Schizodiscus symmetricus Dogiel' and Reshetnyak 1952
+
Invalid names: Sethostaurus exsculptus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Invalid names: Spironium haeckelii Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Spongiomma Haeckel 1887
+
Spongocoelia kamitakarensis Furutani 1990
Spongocoelia parvus Furutani 1990
Invalid names: Spongocoelia citreum Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Spongocoelia oliva Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium]
Superfm. †Spongodiscacea Haeckel 1862
+
Fm. Myelastridae Riedel 1971
+
G. Dicranastrum Haeckel 1881
G. Myelastrum Haeckel 1887
G. Pentophiastrum Haeckel 1887
G. Tetracranastrum Haeckel 1887
G. Triastrum Cleve 1901
Fm. †Relindellidae Kozur and Mostler 1980
+
G. †Copicyntroides Nazarov and Ormiston 1985
+
Copicyntroides asteriformis Nazarov and Ormiston 1985
Copicyntroides nazarovi Maldonado and Noble 2010
Copicyntroides parvulus Feng et al. 2006
Copicyntroides stellatus He and Feng 2011
G. †Pentaspongodiscus Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Pentaspongodiscus anisicus Kozur and Mostler 1979
Pentaspongodiscus mesotriassicus Dumitrica et al. 1980
Pentaspongodiscus spinosus Kozur and Mostler 1979
Pentaspongodiscus symmetricus Dumitrica et al. 1980
Pentaspongodiscus tortilis Kozur and Mostler 1979
Invalid names: Relindella Dumitrica et al. 1980 [synonym]
G. †Tetraspongodiscus Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Tetraspongodiscus inaequispinosus Kozur and Mostler 1981
Tetraspongodiscus longispinosus Kozur and Mostler 1979
Tetraspongodiscus stauracanthus Feng et al. 2006
Tetraspongodiscus tetragonius Feng et al. 2006
Fm. Spongodiscidae Haeckel 1862
+
G. Amphirhopalum Haeckel 1881
G. Chitonastrum Haeckel 1881
G. Dictyocorine Certes 1889
G. Dictyocoryne Ehrenberg 1860
+
Dictyocoryne mocki Kozur and Mostler 1978
Dictyocoryne profunda Ehrenberg 1873
Dictyocoryne zapfei Kozur and Mostler 1978
G. Euchitonia Ehrenberg 1860
+
Euchitonia furcata Ehrenberg 1873
Euchitonia muelleri Haeckel 1862
Euchitonia santonica Lipman 1952
Euchitonia triradiata Lipman 1960
Euchitonia virchowii Haeckel 1862
G. †Haliodictya Hojnos 1916
+
Haliodictya hojnosi Riedel and Sanfilippo 1974
G. Hymeniastrum Ehrenberg 1847
+
Hymeniastrum ancora Rüst 1898
Hymeniastrum pythagorae Ehrenberg 1854
G. †Ommatogramma Ehrenberg 1861
+
Ommatogramma navicularis Ehrenberg 1873
G. Porodiscus Haeckel 1881
+
Porodiscus vulgaris Lipman 1952
Invalid names: Porodiscus brevi Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium], Porodiscus cabrierensis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Porodiscus clathratus Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium], Porodiscus intricatus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Porodiscus lens Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium], Porodiscus percinctus Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium], Porodiscus rossicus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Rhopalastrum Ehrenberg 1847
+
Rhopalastrum giganteum Rüst 1892
Rhopalastrum isselii Rüst 1892
Rhopalastrum lagena Ehrenberg 1840
Rhopalastrum siculum Rüst 1892
Rhopalastrum tumidum Lipman 1952
Invalid names: Rhopalastrum clavatum Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium], Rhopalastrum ingens Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium]
G. Spongaster Ehrenberg 1860
+
Spongaster tetras Ehrenberg 1860
G. Spongodiscus Ehrenberg 1854
+
Spongodiscus quartus Borisenko 1958
Spongodiscus resurgens Ehrenberg 1854
Spongodiscus volgensis Lipman 1952
Invalid names: Spongodiscus acinus Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Spongodiscus cribrarius Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Spongodiscus herzynicus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Spongodiscus punctus Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium]
+
Spongotripus aculeatus Lipman 1952
Spongotripus patella Hinde 1899
Spongotripus pujanai Kiessling 1999
Spongotripus ruestae Ormiston and Lane 1976
Spongotripus triassicus Kozur and Mostler 1979
Spongotripus xintianensis Sheng and Wang 1982
G. Spongotrochus Haeckel 1860
+
Spongotrochus primaevus Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
Invalid names: Spongotrochus elongatus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Stylochlamydium Haeckel 1882
G. Stylodictya Ehrenberg 1847
+
Stylodictya delicatula Lipman 1952
Stylodictya gracilis Ehrenberg 1854
Stylodictya polaris Rüst 1892
Invalid names: Stylodictya zittelii Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Stylospongia Haeckel 1862
G. †Teichertus Hull 1997
+
Teichertus hypnoticus Kiessling 1999
Teichertus splendidus Hull 1997
G. Tesserastrum Haeckel 1887
G. Tholodiscus Petrushevskaya and Kozlova 1972
+
Tholodiscus ocellatus Ehrenberg 1874
G. Trigonastrum Haeckel 1887
+
Spongolonche lens Hinde 1899
Fm. †Spongopalliidae Kozur et al. 1996
+
G. †Bitubopyle Kozur and Mostler 2006
G. †Goricanella Kozur et al. 2009
+
Goricanella hexaspinosa Kozur et al. 2009
G. †Paraweverella Kozur et al. 2009
+
Paraweverella tenuispinosa Kozur et al. 2009
G. †Spongopallium Dumitrica et al. 1980
+
Spongopallium contortum Dumitrica et al. 1980
Spongopallium tetrapterum Ramovs and Gorican 1995
G. †Tubospongopallium Tekin and Mostler 2005
+
Tubospongopallium inaequispinosum Kozur et al. 2009
G. †Spongosphaeradiscus Wang and Shang 2001
+
Spongosphaeradiscus shaiwaensis Wang and Shang 2001
Superfm. Sponguracea Haeckel 1862
+
Fm. Cyphantellidae Loeblich and Tappan 1961
+
G. Cyphantella Haeckel 1887
+
Invalid names: Cyphanta Haeckel 1887 [objective synonym]
Invalid names: Cyphantidae Campbell 1954 [replaced]
Fm. †Gomberellidae Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
G. †Bernoullius Baumgartner 1984
+
Bernoullius dicera Baumgartner 1980
Bernoullius rectispinus Kito et al. 1990
Bernoullius saccideon Carter et al. 1988
G. †Gomberellus Dumitrica et al. 1980
+
Gomberellus hircicornus Dumitrica et al. 1980
Gomberellus mocki Dumitrica et al. 1980
G. †Karnospongella Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Karnospongella bispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1981
G. †Tamonella Dumitrica et al. 1980
+
Tamonella aculeata Feng et al. 2006
Tamonella multispinosa Dumitrica et al. 1980
Fm. Litheliidae Haeckel 1862
+
G. Cromyodruppa Haeckel 1887
+
Cromyodruppa concentrica Lipman 1952
Invalid names: Cromyodruppa prunulina Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Lithelius Haeckel 1860
+
Lithelius nautiloides Popofsky 1908
Lithelius sinensis Feng et al. 2006
Invalid names: Lithelius difficilis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Oertlispongidae Kozur and Mostler 1980
+
G. †Baumgartneria Dumitrica 1982
+
Baumgartneria ambigua Dumitrica 1999
Baumgartneria bifurcata Dumitrica 1982
Baumgartneria omanensis Dumitrica 1999
Baumgartneria retrospina Dumitrica 1982
Baumgartneria szarvaskoensis Ozsvárt and Kovács 2012
Baumgartneria trifurcata Dumitrica 1982
G. †Bogdanella Kolar-Jurkovsek 1989
G. †Falcispongus Dumitrica 1982
+
Falcispongus calcaneum Dumitrica 1982
Falcispongus falciformis Dumitrica 1982
Falcispongus hamatus Dumitrica 1982
Falcispongus heinzi Feng and Liang 2003
Falcispongus rostratus Dumitrica 1982
Falcispongus uncus Gorican and Buser 1990
G. †Gibberospongus Kozur and Mostler 1996
G. †Oertlispongus Dumitrica et al. 1980
+
Oertlispongus cornubovis Dumitrica et al. 1980
Oertlispongus inaequispinosus Dumitrica et al. 1980
G. †Paroertlispongus Kozur and Mostler 1981
+
Paroertlispongus daofuensis Feng and Liang 2003
Paroertlispongus multispinosus Kozur and Mostler 1981
Paroertlispongus rarispinosus Kozur and Mostler 1981
Invalid names: Acaeniospongus Kozur and Mostler 1981 [synonym], Pseudoertlispongus Lahm 1984 [synonym]
G. †Pterospongus Dumitrica 1982
G. †Scutispongus Kozur and Mostler 1996
G. †Spongoserrula Dumitrica 1980
G. †Steigerispongus Kozur and Mostler 1996
G. †Turospongus Kozur and Mostler 1994
Fm. †Phaseliformidae Pessagno 1972
+
G. †Parvicuspis Pessagno 1972
G. †Phaseliforma Pessagno 1972
+
Phaseliforma laxa Pessagno 1972
Phaseliforma subcarinata Pessagno 1975
Fm. Sponguridae Haeckel 1862
+
G. †Kamospongella Kozur and Mostler 1981
G. Patellula Kozlova 1972
+
Patellula andrusovi Ozvoldova 1997
Patellula ecliptica O'Dogherty 1994
Patellula euessceei Empson-Morin 1981
Patellula heroica O'Dogherty 1994
G. †Prunobrachium Kozlova 1966
+
Prunobrachium auklandensis Pessagno 1975
Prunobrachium kennetti Pessagno 1975
Prunobrachium longum Pessagno 1975
G. †Pseudospongoprunum Wakamatsu et al. 1990
+
Pseudospongoprunum parvispina Tetard et al. 2015
Pseudospongoprunum sagittatum Wakamatsu et al. 1990
Pseudospongoprunum tazukawaensis Wakamatsu et al. 1990
G. Spongurus Haeckel 1860
+
Invalid names: Spongocore Haeckel 1887 [synonym], Spongurus lacunosus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Spongurus plantaeformis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Spongurus variabilis Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Srakaeosphaera Sashida et al. 1997
+
Srakaeosphaera minuta Sashida et al. 1997
G. †Stauracontium Haeckel 1882
+
Stauracontium alpinum Dumitrica et al. 1980
Invalid names: Stauracontium incompletum Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
+
Staurocyclia martini Rüst 1898
+
Staurodictya densa Kozlova 1966
+
Staurodoras brevispinosa Aberdeen 1940
Invalid names: Staurodoras gracilis Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
+
Stauroplegma lepidum Sheng and Wang 1982
Stauroplegma pulcherrimum Sheng and Wang 1982
Stauroplegma robustospina Sheng and Wang 1982
Invalid names: Stauroplegma barbatum Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Stauroplegma brevispina Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Stauroplegma compressum Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium], Stauroplegma diffusum Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
+
Staurostylus caucasicus Khabakov 1932
Staurostylus varispinatus Aberdeen 1940
Invalid names: Staurostylus tenuispinus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Staurostylus xiphophorus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Streblacantha Haeckel 1887
Fm. Stylosphaeridae Haeckel 1881
+
G. Druppatractus Haeckel 1887
+
Invalid names: Druppatractus dictyococcus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Dumitricasphaera Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Dumitricasphaera elegans Bragin 2007
Dumitricasphaera goestlingensis Kozur and Mostler 1979
Dumitricasphaera latispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1979
Dumitricasphaera pennata Gorican and Buser 1990
Dumitricasphaera trispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1979
G. Lithomespilus Haeckel 1887
+
Invalid names: Lithomespilus bipolaris Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Lithomespilus hexacanthus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Lithomespilus steinvorthi Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. †Praestylosphaera Empson-Morin 1981
G. Protoxiphotractus Pessagno 1973
G. Spongosphaera Ehrenberg 1847
+
Invalid names: Spongatractus Haeckel 1887 [objective synonym], Spongosphaera induta Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Spongosphaera tritestacea Rothpletz 1880 [nomen dubium]
G. †Spongostylus Haeckel 1881
+
Spongostylus carnicus Kozur and Mostler 1979
Spongostylus tortilis Kozur and Mostler 1979
Spongostylus tricostatus Kozur et al. 1996
G. †Staurolonche Haeckel 1881
+
Staurolonche extensa Ruest 1885
Staurolonche granulosum Dumitrica et al. 1980
Staurolonche insignis Rüst 1892
Staurolonche laterna Hinde 1899
Staurolonche robusta Rüst 1885
Staurolonche tenella Hinde 1899
Staurolonche trispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1979
Invalid names: Staurolonche micropora Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Staurolonche scitula Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Staurolonche spinigera Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Stylatractus Haeckel 1887
G. Stylosphaera Ehrenberg 1847
+
Stylosphaera acuta Rüst 1892
Stylosphaera hastata Campbell and Clark 1944
Stylosphaera hispida Ehrenberg 1854
Stylosphaera obtusa Hinde 1899
Stylosphaera quasiobtusa Aberdeen 1940
Stylosphaera vetusta Hinde 1899
Invalid names: Sphaerostylus [synonym]
G. Xiphatractus Haeckel 1887
+
Xiphatractus spumeus Dumitrica 1973
G. †Zhamojdasphaera Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Zhamojdasphaera latispinosa Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Stylostaurus hindei Ruedemann and Wilson 1936
+
Invalid names: Styptosphaera antiqua Hinde 1890 [nomen dubium]
G. †Tauridastrum Tekin 1999
+
+
Invalid names: Tetrapylonium ovatum Rüst 1892 [nomen nudum]
+
Tetrarectangulum poratum Steiger 1992
Tetrarectangulum spinosum Steiger 1992
G. †Tetrasphaera Wang 2008
+
G. †Tetriastrum Yang 1993
+
Theodiscus hastatus Hinde 1899
Invalid names: Theodiscus aculeatus Hinde and Fox 1895 [nomen dubium], Theodiscus brachyacanthus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Theodiscus convexus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Theodiscus gigas Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Theodiscus planus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
G. Tholomura Haeckel 1887
Fm. Tholoniidae Haeckel 1887
+
G. Amphitholus Haeckel 1887
G. Cubotholus Haeckel 1887
G. Tholocubus Haeckel 1887
G. Tholonium Haeckel 1887
G. †Tipperella Longridge et al. 2007
+
Tipperella kennecottensis Longridge et al. 2007
G. †Triplococcus Danelian and Popov 2003
+
Triplococcus acanthicus Danelian and Popov 2003
Triplococcus aksuranensis Pouille and Danelian 2013
Fm. †Tritrabidae Baumgartner 1980
+
G. †Archaeotritrabs Steiger 1992
+
Archaeotritrabs gracilis Steiger 1992
Archaeotritrabs hattorii Gorican et al. 2006
G. †Ditrabs Baumgartner 1980
+
Ditrabs osteosa Jud 1994
G. †Neoparonaella Yang 1993
+
+
Invalid names: Neoparonaella chocoyaensis Hull 1997 [synonym], Neoparonaella volatica Hull 1997 [synonym]
G. †Tritrabs Baumgartner 1980
+
Tritrabs casmaliaensis Pessagno 1977
Tritrabs ewingi Pessagno 1977
Tritrabs exotica Pessagno 1977
Tritrabs hayi Pessagno 1977
Tritrabs rhododactylus Baumgartner 1980
Tritrabs simplex Kito and De Wever 1992
Tritrabs suavis Hull 1997
Tritrabs worzeli Pessagno 1971
+
Trochodiscus convexus Rüst 1892
Trochodiscus planatus Hinde 1899
Invalid names: Trochodiscus diversispinus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Trochodiscus dubius Hinde 1899 [nomen dubium], Trochodiscus longispinus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Trochodiscus proavus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Trochodiscus recurvispinus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Trochodiscus serrula Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Veghicycliidae Kozur and Mostler 1972
+
G. †Carinacyclia Kozur and Mostler 1972
G. †Praeorbiculiformella Kozur and Mostler 1978
+
Praeorbiculiformella karnica Kozur and Mostler 1978
Praeorbiculiformella latimarginata Kozur and Mostler 1978
Praeorbiculiformella lomgonensis Carter et al. 1998
Praeorbiculiformella plana Kozur and Mostler 1978
Praeorbiculiformella polyspinosa Kozur and Mostler 1978
Praeorbiculiformella robusta Carter et al. 1998
Praeorbiculiformella vulgaris Kozur and Mostler 1978
Praeorbiculiformella yanensis Carter et al. 1998
G. †Veghicyclia Kozur and Mostler 1972
+
Veghicyclia haeckeli Kozur and Mostler 1972
Veghicyclia robusta Kozur and Mostler 1972
G. †Vinassaspongus Kozur and Mostler 1979
+
Vinassaspongus discoidalis Kozur and Mostler 1979
Vinassaspongus subsphaericus Kozur and Mostler 1979
G. †Zadrappolus Furutani 1990
+
Zadrappolus hitoeganensis Furutani 1990
Zadrappolus lunaris Noble 1994
Zadrappolus nudus Kurihara 2007
Zadrappolus spinosus Furutani 1990
Zadrappolus tenuis Furutani 1990
Zadrappolus yoshikiensis Furutani 1990
G. †Zhuangodiscus Wu and Feng 2010
+
Zhuangodiscus biacanthus Wu and Feng 2010
Zhuangodiscus orthacanthus Wu and Feng 2010
Zhuangodiscus pentacanthus Wu and Feng 2010
+
Invalid names: Zonodiscus dentatus Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium], Zonodiscus macrozona Rüst 1892 [nomen dubium]
Invalid names: Acaeniotylidae Yang 1993 [empty], Bernoulliidae Pessagno et al. 1993 [empty], Bolenidae Hull 1997 [empty], Entactiniacae Riedel 1967 [empty], Suttoniidae Schaaf 1976 [empty], Vitorfidae Pessagno 1977 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: silicap
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: passively mobilep
Life habit: planktonicp
Diet: omnivorep
Created: 2005-01-28 01:13:47
Modified: 2005-01-28 03:13:47
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 1999

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tremadocian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 485.40000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 477.7 Ma

Collections (1964 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Aspiculum densum, Aspiculum multistratum, Aspiculum jamesi, Aspiculum gigantium (234141) Aspiculum sp., Aspiculum densum, Aspiculum multistratum, Aspiculum jamesi, Aspiculum eccentricum (234138)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.8Canada (Québec) Beatricea undulata (27236)
Moridunian477.7 - 473.8Kazakhstan Triplococcus acanthicus (38015)
Llanvirn468.0 - 458.4Norway Antygopora sp., Antygopora irregularia, Haplotaeniatum sp. (90922) Antygopora sp., Antygopora irregularia, Haplotaeniatumidae indet., Haplotaeniatum sp. (90921)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (Nevada) Kalimnasphaera maculosa (13498)
Katian453.0 - 445.2Russian Federation (Siberia) Kalimnasphaera sp. (206140)
Katian - Hirnantian453.0 - 443.4Russian Federation (Siberia) Kalimnasphaera maculosa (205665)
Edenian - Richmondian451.0 - 445.5Canada (Northwest Territories) Beatricea undulata (27191)
Edenian - Richmondian451.0 - 445.5Canada (Québec) Beatricea undulata (27238)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Indiana) Beatricea undulata (101552)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Michigan) Beatricea undulata (26317 75972 173082)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Ohio) Beatricea undulata (5326)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5Canada (Ontario) Beatricea undulata (22961 173116 173169 173170)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5Canada (Manitoba) Beatricea undulata (27128)
Gamachian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Manitoba) Beatricea undulata (27130)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Sweden Haplotaeniatum cathenatum (90958)
Morrowan323.2 - 318.6USA (Alaska) Paronaella triporosa (91039)
Sakmarian - Toarcian293.52 - 174.1Canada (British Columbia) Praeconocaryomma immodica, Capnodoce sp., Capnodoce anapetes, Plafkerium sp., Oertlispongidae indet. (200434)
Kungurian - Roadian279.3 - 268.8Thailand Spumellaria indet. (164542)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Thailand Spumellaria indet. (91013)