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Pliauchenia magnifontis

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Camelidae

Taxonomy
Pliauchenia magnifontis was named by Gregory (1939). Its type specimen is UCMP 32106, a partial skeleton (slightly crushed skull, lower jaws, limb bones, and some vertebrae of a young adult), and it is a 3D body fossil.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1939Pliauchenia magnifontis Gregory p. 367 fig. 1
1998Pliauchenia magnifontis Honey et al. p. 451

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
suborderTylopoda()
superfamilyCameloidea
familyCamelidae
subfamilyCamelinaeGray 1821
tribeLaminiWebb 1965
genusPliauchenia
speciesmagnifontis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. T. Gregory 1939termediate in size between Pliauchenia humphreysianaand Middle Pliocene species referable to the genus; jaw about the size of Procamelusoccidentalis.
Vestigial Dp - retained in type specimen; Pi absent in paratype. Caniniformteeth well developed, single-rooted, narrow, trenchant, not massive, curved Lbackward. P3
elongate but moderately wide, unreduced. P3narrow, elongate. Pt and molars came- loid, of same proportions and height of crown as in Procamelus. Palate not constricted in front of P3, flaring slightly at anterior ends of maxillaries. Muzzle narrow, tapering. Ramus of jaw elongate and heavy but not deep. Metapodials fused, of about the same proportions as Procamelus or slightly more slender. Smaller than the contemporary species of that genus.