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Gentilicamelus sternbergi

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Camelidae

Taxonomy
Poebrotherium sternbergii was named by Cope (1879).

It was recombined as Gomphotherium sternbergi by Cope (1886) and Wortman (1898); it was recombined as Protomeryx sternbergii by Hay (1902); it was recombined as Miolabis (Paratylopus) sternbergi by Matthew (1904); it was recombined as Paratylopus sternbergi by Matthew (1909), Cope and Matthew (1915) and Lull (1921); it was recombined as Gentilicamelus sternbergi by Loomis (1936), McKenna (1966), Stevens (1977), Prothero (1996) and Honey et al. (1998).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1879Poebrotherium sternbergii Cope p. 59
1886Gomphotherium sternbergi Cope p. 619 fig. 11
1898Gomphotherium sternbergi Wortman p. 115
1902Protomeryx sternbergii Hay p. 676
1904Miolabis (Paratylopus) sternbergi Matthew p. 214
1909Paratylopus sternbergi Matthew
1915Paratylopus sternbergi Cope and Matthew pp. Plate CXVI
1921Paratylopus sternbergi Lull
1936Gentilicamelus sternbergi Loomis p. 59
1966Gentilicamelus sternbergi McKenna p. 3
1977Gentilicamelus sternbergi Stevens
1996Gentilicamelus sternbergi Prothero p. 643 figs. Figure 18, Tables 2, 3, 5
1998Gentilicamelus sternbergi Honey et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
suborderTylopoda()
superfamilyCameloidea
familyCamelidae
genusGentilicamelus
speciessternbergi()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
D. R. Prothero 1996Large camel (P2-M3 length = 70.0 mm), distinguished from contemporary P. primaevus by its larger size, and by the presence of metastylids on the lower molars. Distinguished from all other Eocene/Oligocene camels by its advanced features, including lower molar metastylids, strong P3 lingual cingulum, more spatulate lower incisors, and shortened PI. Distinguished from Miocene camels by its primitive skull proportions and by its brachydont teeth which are small relative to the skull size (Table 2).