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Lamini

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Camelidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1940Tanupolama parvus Olson p. 54
1965Lamini Webb
1965Tanupolama parva Webb p. 34
1965Lamini Webb p. 44
1994Lamini Stanley et al. p. 1
1998Lamini Honey et al. p. 451
2004Lamini Webb and Meachen p. 350
2005Lamini Meachen p. 438
2005Lamini Ruez, Jr. p. 742
2006Lamini Hulbert and Whitmore p. 6
2015Lamini Baskin and Thomas p. 119

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
suborderTylopoda()
superfamilyCameloidea
familyCamelidae
subfamilyCamelinaeGray 1821
tribeLaminiWebb 1965
tribeLaminiWebb 1965

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
S. D. Webb and J. A. Meachen 2004We distinguish early members of the tribe Lamini from other Camelidae (es- pecially from the tribe Camelini) by the following craniodental features: a narrowly tapered, but still elongate, rostrum; strongly arched nasals; sigmoid zygomatic arches; strongly flexed cranium; thick subrectangular bullae; upper cheek teeth with sharp- ly v-shaped (not broadly crescentic) cusps, with elaborate ribs and styles on their labial sides; and lower molars with sharply v-shaped labial cuspids,
and ‘‘llama-buttresses’’ (explained below) at their anterior ends (Webb, 1965; Harrison, 1978; Honey et al. 1998).