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Tapiravus

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Tapiridae

Taxonomy
Tapiravus was named by Marsh (1877). Its type is Lophiodon validus.

It was considered a nomen dubium by Simpson (1945).

It was assigned to Tapiroidea by Marsh (1877); to Tapiravini by Schoch (1984); and to Tapiridae by Marsh (1877), Olsen (1960), Carroll (1988), Prothero and Schoch (1989) and Colbert and Schoch (1998).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1877Tapiravus Marsh
1877Tapiravus rarus Marsh
1877Tapiravus Marsh p. 252
1877Tapiravus rarus Marsh p. 252
1960Tapiravus Olsen p. 164
1984Tapiravus Schoch p. 3
1988Tapiravus Carroll
1989Tapiravus Prothero and Schoch p. 534
1998Tapiravus Colbert and Schoch p. 577

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)
Ceratomorpha(Wood 1937)
superfamilyTapiroideaGill 1872
familyTapiridae
genusTapiravus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. M. Schoch 1984Medium-sized tapirs (smaller than Tapirus terrestris); dentition similar to that of Tapirus,
but teeth lower-crowned (relatively brachyodont); lower cheek teeth elongated anteroposteriorly; M2_3 trigonids and talonids separated by a deep groove or constriction; maxilla relatively deep as compared to Tapirus; lachrymal processes less prominent than in Tapirus; sulcus on the lateral face of the ascending portion of the maxilla shallower and more constricted than in Tapirus; mandibular symphysis narrow relative to Tapirus.