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Gigantocamelus spatulus

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Camelidae

Taxonomy
Pliauchenia spatula was named by Cope (1893).

It was recombined as Megatylopus spatula by Gregory (1939); it was recombined as Titanotylopus spatulus by Webb (1965), Breyer (1976) and Kurten and Anderson (1980); it was recombined as Gigantocamelus spatulus by Barbour and Schultz (1939), Meade (1945), Hibbard and Riggs (1949), Hibbard (1953), Dalquest (1992), Kelly (1994), Repenning et al. (1995) and Honey et al. (1998).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1893Pliauchenia spatula Cope p. 70
1939Gigantocamelus fricki Barbour and Schultz
1939Gigantocamelus spatulus Barbour and Schultz
1939Megatylopus spatula Gregory p. 367
1945Gigantocamelus spatulus Meade
1949Gigantocamelus spatulus Hibbard and Riggs
1953Gigantocamelus spatulus Hibbard
1965Titanotylopus spatulus Webb
1976Titanotylopus spatulus Breyer p. 785
1980Titanotylopus spatulus Kurten and Anderson p. 302
1992Gigantocamelus spatulus Dalquest
1994Gigantocamelus spatulus Kelly
1995Gigantocamelus spatulus Repenning et al.
1998Gigantocamelus spatulus Honey et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
suborderTylopoda()
superfamilyCameloidea
familyCamelidae
subfamilyCamelinaeGray 1821
tribeCameliniGray 1821
genusGigantocamelus
speciesspatulus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. Breyer 1976is distin- guished from T. nebraskensis by a longer /C-P/3 diastema (see Table 5) and a shorter mandibular symphysis (see Text-fig. 3).