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Tephrocyon rurestris

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Taxonomy
Canis rurestris was named by Condon (1896) [said by Green 1948 to be 1902].

It was recombined as Tomarctus rurestris by Green (1948) and Shotwell (1968); it was recombined as Tephrocyon rurestris by Merriam (1906), Thorpe (1922) and Wang et al. (1999).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1896Canis rurestris Condon
1906Tephrocyon rurestris Merriam p. 6 figs. Pl. 1, Figs. 1 - 3
1922Tephrocyon rurestris Thorpe
1948Tomarctus rurestris Green
1968Tomarctus rurestris Shotwell
1999Tephrocyon rurestris Wang et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
RankNameAuthor
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
suborderCaniformiaKretzoi 1943
superfamilyCanoideaSimpson 1931
familyCanidaeFischer 1817
subfamilyBorophaginaeSimpson 1945
tribeBorophaginiSimpson 1945
genusTephrocyon
speciesrurestris(Condon 1896)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. C. Merriam 1906Muzzle short, posterior ends of premaxillaries extending behind the anterior ends of the frontals, sagittal crest high, inion prominent, auditory bullae very large, inferior margin of the mandible strongly convex below the anterior side of the coronoid process. Dentition 3/3, 1/1, 4/4, 2/3. P4 with incipient protostyle, deuterocone weak. M1 with broad internal lobe, apparently without protoconule. p2, p3 , and p4 with posterior basal tubercles and without anterior cusps. m1 with well-developed metaconid, heel with low entoconid and hypoconid. Trigonid of m2 with distinct paraconid. m3 with three or four low tubercles or ridges.