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Ursus americanus (black bear)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae

Taxonomy
Ursus americanus was named by Pallas (1780). It is extant.

It was recombined as Euarctos americanus by Ewer (1973).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1780Ursus americanus Pallas
1821Ursus luteolus Griffith p. 236
1853Ursus amplidens Leidy
1859Ursus amblyceps Baird p. 29
1896Ursus floridanus Merriam p. 81
1900Ursus californiensis Miller p. 250
1901Ursus carlottae Osgood p. 30
1903Ursus altifrontalis Elliot p. 234
1903Ursus machetes Elliot p. 235
1905Ursus kermodei Hornaday p. 82
1913Euarctos vitabilis Gidley
1938Ursus optimus Schultz
1973Euarctos americanus Ewer
1980Ursus americanus Kurten and Anderson p. 183
1985Ursus americanus Emslie and Czaplewski p. 2
1999Ursus americanus Waits et al. p. 90
2001Ursus americanus Larivière p. 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
RankNameAuthor
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
superfamilyArctoideaFlower 1869
Ursida
superfamilyUrsoideaFischer de Waldheim 1817
familyUrsidaeGray 1825
subfamilyUrsinaeSwainson 1835
tribeUrsini
genusUrsus
speciesamericanusPallas 1780

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available