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Cetiosauridae (cetiosaurid)

Reptilia - Cetiosauridae

Taxonomy
Cetiosauridae was named by Lydekker (1888). Its type is Cetiosaurus.

It was reranked as the subfamily Cetiosaurinae by Romer (1956), Steel (1970), Swinton (1970), Bonaparte (1978), Dong et al. (1983), Dong (1990), Dong (1992), Zhao (1993) and Dong (1997).

It was assigned to Cetiosauria by Baur (1891); to Saurischia by Cope (1889), Cope (1891) and Cope (1898); to Diplodocia by Tornier (1913); to Allophagi by Jaekel (1914); to Bothrosauropodidae by Huene (1948); to Morosauridae by Bonaparte (1978); to Sauropoda by Bakker (1986); to Brachiosauridae by Romer (1956), Steel (1970), Dong (1990) and Zhao (1993); to Neosauropoda by Upchurch (1995) and Upchurch (1995); to Camarasauridae by Swinton (1970), Dong et al. (1983), Dong (1992) and Dong (1997); to Sauropoda by McIntosh (1997); to Camarasauroidea by Dong (1998); to Sauropoda by Lydekker (1888), Lydekker (1895), Huene (1908), Huene (1908), Huene (1909), von Zittel (1911), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Nopcsa (1923), Huene (1927), Huene (1927), Huene (1929), Rozhdestvensky (1977), Galton (1977), Russell (1984), Bonaparte (1986), Carroll (1988), McIntosh (1990), Hunt et al. (1995), Zhang and Chen (1996), Upchurch (1997) and Bonaparte (1999); to Sauropoda by Dollo (1889), Zittel (1890), Sauvage (1896), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), Arldt (1909), Matthew (1915), Lull (1924), Roxo (1937), Kuhn (1946), Lapparent (1947), Delair (1960), Tatarinov (1964), Delair (1973), Bonaparte (1980), McIntosh (1981) and Chure et al. (2006); and to Eusauropoda by Upchurch et al. (2004), Sánchez-Hernández et al. (2007) and Naish and Martill (2007).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1888Cetiosauridae Lydekker p. 133
1889Cetiosauridae Cope p. 16
1889Cetiosauridae Dollo p. 677
1890Cetiosauridae Zittel p. 704
1891Cetiosauridae Baur p. 450
1891Cetiosauridae Cope p. 43
1895Cetiosauridae Lydekker p. 336
1896Cetiosauridae Sauvage p. 48
1898Cetiosauridae Cope p. 68
1902Cetiosauridae Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxv
1908Cetiosauridae Huene p. 296
1909Cetiosauridae Arldt p. 262
1909Cetiosauridae Huene p. 14
1911Cetiosauridae von Zittel p. 285
1913Cetiosauridae Tornier p. 370
1914Cetiosauridae Huene p. 38
1914Cetiosauridae Jaekel p. 197
1915Cetiosauridae Matthew p. 32
1923Cetiosauridae Nopcsa p. 126
1924Cetiosauridae Lull p. 233
1927Cetiosauridae Huene p. 121
1929Cetiosauridae Huene p. 494
1937Cetiosauridae Roxo p. 65
1946Cetiosauridae Kuhn p. 65
1947Cetiosauridae Lapparent p. 17
1948Cetiosauridae Huene p. 91
1956Cetiosaurinae Romer p. 620
1960Cetiosauridae Delair p. 81
1964Cetiosauridae Tatarinov p. 544
1970Cetiosaurinae Steel p. 63
1970Cetiosaurinae Swinton pp. 168-169
1973Cetiosauridae Delair p. 3
1977Cetiosauridae Galton p. 230
1977Cetiosauridae Rozhdestvensky p. 113
1978Cetiosaurinae Bonaparte p. 431
1980Cetiosauridae Bonaparte p. 82
1981Cetiosauridae McIntosh p. 11
1983Cetiosaurinae Dong et al. p. 17
1984Cetiosauridae Russell p. 28
1986Cetiosauridae Bakker p. 461
1986Cetiosauridae Bonaparte p. 250
1988Cetiosauridae Carroll
1990Cetiosaurinae Dong p. 58
1990Cetiosauridae McIntosh p. 377
1992Cetiosaurinae Dong p. 163
1993Cetiosaurinae Zhao p. 137
1995Cetiosauridae Hunt et al. p. 263
1995Cetiosauridae Upchurch p. 253
1996Cetiosauridae Zhang and Chen
1997Cetiosaurinae Dong p. 793
1997Cetiosauridae McIntosh p. 656
1997Cetiosauridae Upchurch p. 82A
1998Cetiosauridae Dong p. 84
1999Cetiosauridae Bonaparte p. 138
2004Cetiosauridae Upchurch et al. p. 263
2006Cetiosauridae Chure et al. p. 236
2007Cetiosauridae Naish and Martill p. 497
2007Cetiosauridae Sánchez-Hernández et al. p. 204

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
familyCetiosauridae
familyCetiosauridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
K. A. v. Zittel 1890Schädel und Halswirbel unbekannt. Rückenwirbel opisthocöl von cavernöser Beschaffenheit, unter den Bogen seitliche Gruben von massiger Grösse. Schwanzwirbel solid, amphicöl, die Präzygapophysen in Vertiefungen des vorhergehenden
Wirbelbogens eingefügt. Chevrons an zwei centralen Gelenkflächen angeheftet. Oberes Ende des Schulterblattes verbreitert. Sitzbeine schwächer als Schambeine, am distalen Ende schmal. Vorderbeine fast ebenso lang als Hinterbeine.
R. S. Lull 1924With opisthocoelous cervicals, and anterior dorsals; posterior presacral vertebrae being, on the other hand, amphicoelous; presacrals all possessing lateral pleurocoeles, but dorsal spines not forked; sacrals and caudals solid, and sternal plate unpaired; pubis flattened, with large obturator foramen; scapula broadened at each extremity; fore limbs almost as large as, or somewhat larger than, hind; Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous.
F. v. Huene 1948Relatively primitive structure of vertebrae; up to 13 cervicals; radius has 3/4 length of humerus; metacarpals not much elongated; hindleg much longer than foreleg; lower leg very short; metatarsals not much shortened. Whole Jurassic.