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Cerapoda

Reptilia -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1986Cerapoda Sereno
1990Cerapoda Benton p. 19
2004Cerapoda Weishampel p. 323
2007Cerapoda Butler et al. p. 2044
2008Cerapoda Butler et al. pp. 13-16 figs. 2-4
2009Cerapoda Butler and Sullivan p. 22
2012Cerapoda Han et al. p. 1391 fig. 14
2012Cerapoda Zheng et al. p. 210
2018Cerapoda Herne et al.
2018Cerapoda Madzia et al. p. 973 fig. 4

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
RankNameAuthor
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Neornithischia()
Clypeodonta
Cerapoda
Cerapoda

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Maximum body mass: 10000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 3 kgg
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: gregariouso
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: herbivoreo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2004-12-14 12:50:52
Modified: 2004-12-14 14:50:52
Source: g = genus, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Marsh 1875, Peczkis 1995

Age range: base of the Oxfordian to the top of the Lancian or 163.50000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (1009 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Xinjiang) Hualianceratops wucaiwanensis (175359) Yinlong downsi (72107)
Late/Upper Jurassic163.5 - 145.0China (Hebei) Xuanhuaceratops niei (91320)
Late/Upper Jurassic - Early/Lower Cretaceous163.5 - 100.5Mongolia (Bayankhongor) Psittacosauridae indet. (69914)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Valanginian150.8 - 132.9China (Liaoning) Chaoyangosaurus liaosiensis (10755)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Germany (Niedersachsen) Stenopelix valdensis (69694)
Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9Mongolia (Ovorhangai) Psittacosaurus sp. (94111)
Neocomian145.0 - 130.0Japan (Fukuoka) Ceratopsia indet. (166076)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Gansu) Protoceratops sp. (79605)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Ovorkhangai) Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (48936) Psittacosaurus sp. (59358 70140 79703) Psittacosaurus sp., Protiguanodon mongoliense (48939) Psittacosaurus sp., Psittacosaurus mongoliensis (48937)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5China (Nei Mongol) Psittacosaurus guyangensis, Psittacosaurus osborni (49797) Psittacosaurus sp. (85296)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Russian Federation (Chukot) Neoceratopsia indet. (86529)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Utah) Triceratops sp. (48549)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Eotriceratops xerinsularis (75475) Montanoceratops sp. (64791) Pachycephalosaurus sp. (168404)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Saskatchewan) Chasmosaurinae indet. (52837) Pachycephalosauridae indet., Triceratops sp. (54105) Triceratops sp. (52836)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Leptoceratops gracilis (73947 73948) Pachycephalosaurus wyomingensis (152397 161171) Triceratops prorsus (14674) Triceratops sp. (67129 88990 109659 162855 189003)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Leptoceratops sp. (53824) Triceratops eurycephalus (52107) Triceratops flabellatus (165876) Triceratops sp. (52088 164991 164992 164993) Triceratops sp., Pachycephalosaurus grangeri (14585)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alaska) Pachyrhinosaurus sp. (51889)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Tatankaceratops sacrisonorum (97798)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Ceratopsidae indet. (62529 62531 62532 62534 62546)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Triceratops horridus (191374) Triceratops sp. (45123)