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Anomoepus

Reptilia - Moyenisauropodidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1848Anomoepus Hitchcock p. 220
1898Anomoepus Hitchcock p. 401
1904Anomoepus Lull p. 500
1915Anomoepus Lull p. 208
1917Anomoepus Lull p. 117
1924Anomoepus Lull p. 260
1953Anomoepus Lull p. 192
1958Anomoepus Kuhn p. 24
1963Anomoepus Kuhn p. 89
1966Shensipus Young p. 70
1969Anomoepus Haubold p. 101
1970Moyenisauropus Ellenberger p. 374
1971Shensipus Haubold p. 73
1971Anomoepus Haubold p. 83
1971Hopiichnus Welles p. 32
1974Moyenisauropus Ellenberger p. 27
1984Anomoepus Olsen and Galton p. 99
1986Anomoepus Olsen p. 21
1987Moyenisauropus Gierlinksi and Potemska
1989Shensipus Zhen et al. p. 192
1991Anomoepus Gierlinski p. 141
1991Moyenisauropus Gierlinski p. 143
1993Anomoepus Thulborn p. 462
1993Moyenisauropus Thulborn p. 462
2001Anomoepus Avanzini et al. p. 132
2004Anomoepus Niedzwiedzki and Pienkowski p. 337
2005Moyenisauropus Gierlinski and Niedzwiedzki p. 99
2006Anomoepus Lockley and Gierlinski p. 179
2006Anomoepus Thulborn p. 284
2006Moyenisauropus Thulborn p. 288 fig. 7
2006Anomoepus Weishampel p. 141
2009Anomoepus Gierlinski et al. p. 230
2009Anomoepus Lockley et al. p. 263
2010Anomoepus Li et al. p. 733
2011Anomoepus Niedźwiedzki p. 293
2011Moyenisauropus Niedźwiedzki p. 294
2016Anomoepus Xing et al. p. 518

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
RankNameAuthor
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Neornithischia()
Ornithopoda()
familyMoyenisauropodidae
genusAnomoepus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
E. Hitchcock 1848Hind feet plantigrade, three-toed (four-toed?); all the toes pointing forward. Heel long, extending to the tarsal joint. Fore foot quinquefid, digitigrade. All the toes pachydactylous, and making phalangeal impressions.
G. Gierlinski 1991 (Moyenisauropus)Normally bipedal, but sometimes also quadrupedal. Pes functionally tridactyl. Hallux rarely imprinted. Pedal digits massive, short and highly divaricated, Two phalangeal pads are present in the pedal digit III. The pedal digit IV is longest. In the trackway, the pes is directed inward. Metatarsal impression occurs when the trackmaker rests. In the pes imprints, which were left during active locomotion, the angle between digits II and III is always larger than that one between digits III and IV. The pentadactyl manus has short and thick digits. Manual digits are subequal in length.
G. Gierlinski 1991Normally bipedal, but sometimes quadrupedal also. Pes with three functional digits. Hallux rarely imprinted. Pedal digits II, III and IV usually tend to be subequal in length, but sometimes digit IV is clearly the longest one. In the trackway, the pes is directed forward or inward. Metatarsal impression occurs when the trackmaker rests. The manus is tetradactyl or pentadactyl. Manual digits II and III are longest.
L. Xing et al. 2016{After Olsen and Rainforth 2003). Small tracks (pes imprints , 20 cm long) of a facultative biped with wide digit divarication and weak mesaxony. Pes imprints tetradactyl, but functionally tridactyl. Sitting tracks with metatarsal and pentadactyl manus impressions. Metatarsal-phalangeal pad of digit IV almost directly in line with axis of digit III in walking tracks. Pedal digit I (hallux) relatively long and often at least partially impressed, especially in sitting tracks. In the manus, digit III longest with other digits decreasing in length symmetrically away from that digit. Tail trace usually present in sitting tracks. Fully bipedal as well as quadrupedal walking trackways occur.