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Struthiosaurus

Reptilia - Nodosauridae

Taxonomy
Struthiosaurus was named by Bunzel (1870). It is not extant. It was considered monophyletic by Vickaryous et al. (2004).

It was assigned to Ornithocephala by Bunzel (1870); to Ceratopsia by Zittel (1890); to Ceratopsidae by Marsh (1895), Depéret (1896) and Marsh (1896); to Ceratopidae by Mansel-Pleydell (1902); to Omosauridae by Huene (1909); to Stegosauridae by von Zittel (1911); to Acanthopholinae by Nopcsa (1929) and Nopcsa (1931); to Stegosauria by Lapparent (1947); to Acanthopholididae by Nopcsa (1902), Nopcsa (1915) and Kuhn (1964); to Acanthopholidae by Nopcsa (1928), Nopsca (1928), Romer (1956), Tatarinov (1964), Simmons (1965) and Romer (1966); to Panoplosaurinae by Sereno (1986); to Ankylosauria by Campbell (1966) and Vickaryous et al. (2001); to Ankylosauria by Parsons and Parsons (2009); to Struthiosaurinae by Huene (1927), Ford (2000) and Kirkland et al. (2013); and to Nodosauridae by Hennig (1915), Coombs (1978), Coombs (1978), McIntosh (1981), Galton (1983), Molnar (1984), Tumanova (1987), Carroll (1988), Buffetaut (1992), Pereda-Suberbiola and Galton (1992), Pereda-Suberbiola and Galton (1994), Buffetaut (1997), Pereda Suberbiola and Galton (1997), Le Loeuff (1998), Laurent et al. (2001), Carpenter (2001), Pereda Suberbiola and Galton (2001), Grigorescu (2003), Garcia and Pereda-Suberbiola (2003), Vickaryous et al. (2004), Pereda Suberbiola and Galton (2007), Pereda Suberbiola and Galton (2007), Osi and Makádi (2009), Brusatte et al. (2013) and Han et al. (2014).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1870Struthiosaurus Bunzel p. 394
1871Danubiosaurus Bunzel p. 12
1881Crataeomus Seeley
1881Danubiosaurus Seeley p. 620
1881Pleuropeltus Seeley p. 620
1882Crataeomus Sauvage p. 35
1884Crataeomus Dollo p. 298
1884Crataeomus Marsh p. 68
1885Crataeomus Marsh p. 764
1890Struthiosaurus Zittel p. 753
1890Danubiosaurus Zittel p. 754
1892Crataeomus Seeley
1895Struthiosaurus Marsh
1896Crataeomus Depéret p. 186
1896Danubiosaurus Depéret p. 186
1896Struthiosaurus Depéret p. 186
1896Struthiosaurus Marsh p. 243
1899Crataeomus Depéret p. 692
1900Crataeomus Depéret p. 530
1902Struthiosaurus Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxxvi
1902Struthiosaurus Nopcsa p. 101
1909Crataeomus Huene p. 17
1909Struthiosaurus Huene p. 17
1911Crataeomus von Zittel p. 294
1911Struthiosaurus von Zittel p. 294
1915Struthiosaurus Hennig p. 13
1915Struthiosaurus Nopcsa p. 13
1918Leipsanosaurus Nopcsa p. 327 figs. Pl. 3:14
1927Struthiosaurus Huene p. 268
1928Struthiosaurus Nopcsa p. 185
1928Struthiosaurus Nopsca p. 73
1929Struthiosaurus Nopcsa p. 70
1931Struthiosaurus Nopcsa p. 72
1947Struthiosaurus Lapparent p. 34
1956Struthiosaurus Romer p. 635
1964Struthiosaurus Kuhn p. 41
1964Struthiosaurus Tatarinov p. 574
1965Struthiosaurus Simmons p. 70
1966Struthiosaurus Campbell p. 165
1966Struthiosaurus Romer p. 370
1978Struthiosaurus Coombs p. 144
1981Struthiosaurus McIntosh p. 38
1983Struthiosaurus Galton p. 6
1984Struthiosaurus Molnar p. 154
1986Struthiosaurus Sereno
1987Struthiosaurus Tumanova
1988Struthiosaurus Carroll
1992Struthiosaurus Buffetaut p. 133
1992Struthiosaurus Pereda-Suberbiola and Galton p. 1279
1994Struthiosaurus Pereda-Suberbiola and Galton p. 195
1997Struthiosaurus Buffetaut p. 215
1997Struthiosaurus Pereda Suberbiola and Galton pp. 213-214
1998Struthiosaurus Le Loeuff p. 57
2000Struthiosaurus Ford p. 175
2001Struthiosaurus Carpenter p. 457
2001Struthiosaurus Laurent et al. p. 663
2001Struthiosaurus Pereda Suberbiola and Galton p. 178
2001Struthiosaurus Vickaryous et al. p. 1774
2003Struthiosaurus Garcia and Pereda-Suberbiola p. 156
2003Struthiosaurus Grigorescu p. 100
2004Struthiosaurus Vickaryous et al. p. 366
2007Struthiosaurus Pereda Suberbiola and Galton p. 92
2009Struthiosaurus Osi and Makádi p. 239 fig. 10
2009Struthiosaurus Parsons and Parsons p. 736 fig. 18
2013Struthiosaurus Brusatte et al. p. 635
2013Struthiosaurus Kirkland et al. p. 36
2014Struthiosaurus Han et al. p. 14 fig. 11

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
RankNameAuthor
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Genasauria
Thyreophora()
Ankylosauria()
familyNodosauridae
genusStruthiosaurus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available