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Brontosaurus

Reptilia - Diplodocidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1879Brontosaurus Marsh
1881Brontosaurus Marsh
1882Brontosaurus Sauvage p. 35
1884Brontosaurus Dollo p. 298
1884Brontosaurus Marsh p. 68
1884Brontosaurus Vetter p. 351
1885Brontosaurus Dollo p. 36
1885Brontosaurus Marsh p. 764
1890Brontosaurus Zittel p. 706
1895Brontosaurus Marsh
1896Brontosaurus Marsh p. 241
1897Brontosaurus Gadow p. 204
1898Brontosaurus Marsh p. 158
1902Brontosaurus Hay p. 485
1902Brontosaurus Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxvi
1902Elosaurus Peterson and Gilmore p. 491 figs. 1-10
1909Elosaurus Huene p. 15
1911Elosaurus von Zittel p. 288
1914Elosaurus Huene p. 156
1922Brontausaurus Joleaud p. 62
1924Brontosaurus Lull p. 234
1927Elosaurus Huene p. 460
1928Elosaurus Nopcsa p. 184
1929Elosaurus Huene p. 108
1956Elosaurus Romer p. 620
1964Elosaurus Tatarinov p. 549
1966Brontosaurus Romer p. 370
1966Elosaurus Romer p. 370
1970Elosaurus Steel p. 66
1998Eobrontosaurus Bakker pp. 74-75 fig. 9
2013Eobrontosaurus Tschopp and Mateus p. 880
2015Brontosaurus Tschopp et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Diplodocoidea()
familyDiplodocidae
Apatosaurinae()
genusBrontosaurus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Body mass estimates
estimateequationreference
 47.1 tons Sauropoda femur circumferenceAnderson et al. 1985
Measurements
partNmean
femur circumference1730.0
tibia circumference1480.0

Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesinfrao
Adult length: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult width: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult height: 10 to < 100infrao
Thickness: thickinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Form: sphericalinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: gregariousinfrao
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Diet: herbivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2004-12-14 12:49:10
Modified: 2004-12-14 14:49:10
Source: infrao = infraorder
References: Kiessling 2004, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Kimmeridgian to the top of the Tithonian or 155.70000 to 145.00000 Ma

Collections (19 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Utah) B. parvus (58516)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Colorado) Apatosaurus excelsus (48161) B. excelsus (36576) B. sp., Diplodocus sp. (28366)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Apatosaurus excelsus (57898 57900 57902 142335 142336 142337) Apatosaurus yahnahpin (55487) B. amplus (39369) B. excelsus (39368) B. sp. (13352 22648 74000 188398) Elosaurus parvus, B. sp. (52816)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0USA (Oklahoma) Apatosaurus parvus (49338)