Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Titanosauriformes

Reptilia -

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1869Macrurosaurus Seeley p. xvii
1871Eucamerotus Hulke p. 36
1876Macrurosaurus semnus Seeley p. 444 figs. 1-2
1879Macrurosaurus semnus Lydekker p. 25
1882Macrurosaurus semnus Sauvage p. 30
1882Eucamerotus Sauvage p. 35
1884Eucamerotus Dollo p. 298
1884Eucamerotus Marsh p. 68
1885Eucamerotus Marsh p. 764
1888Macrurosaurus Lydekker p. 153
1888Macrurosaurus semnus Lydekker p. 153
1888Pleurocoelus Marsh
1890Macrurosaurus semnus Woodward and Sherborn p. 248
1890Pleurocoelus Zittel p. 714
1890Macrurosaurus Zittel p. 717
1895Eucamerotus Marsh
1895Pleurocoelus Marsh
1896Pleurocoelus Marsh p. 242
1896Pleurocoelus Sauvage p. 47
1898Pleurocoelus Marsh p. 158
1900Pleorocoelus Walcott p. 23
1902Pleurocoelus Hay p. 483
1904Macrurosaurus semnus Lydekker p. 61
1908Pleurocoelus Huene p. 297
1909Pleurocoelus Huene p. 14
1909Macrurosaurus Huene p. 17
1911Pleurocoelus Lull p. 177
1911Eucamerotus von Zittel p. 287
1911Pleurocoelus von Zittel p. 287
1924Pleurocoelus Lull p. 235
1927Pleurocoelus Huene p. 123
1927Macrurosaurus Huene p. 126
1927Macrurosaurus semnus Huene p. 271
1927Pleurocoelus Huene p. 460
1927Macrurosaurus Huene p. 469
1928Macrurosaurus Nopcsa p. 184
1928Pleurocoelus Nopcsa p. 184
1929Macrurosaurus semnus Huene p. 92–93
1929Titanosaurus valdensis Huene p. 92
1929Macrurosaurus Huene p. 93
1929Pleurocoelus Huene p. 116
1932Titanosaurus valdensis Stromer p. 6
1932Macrurosaurus Stromer p. 18
1934Macrurosaurus Stromer p. 66
1934Macrurosaurus semnus Stromer p. 66
1936Titanosaurus valdensis Swinton p. 211
1946Macrurosaurus Gilmore p. 30
1956Macrurosaurus Romer p. 622
1964Macrurosaurus Tatarinov p. 552
1966Macrurosaurus Romer p. 370
1970Macrurosaurus Steel p. 76
1970Macrurosaurus semnus Steel p. 76
1970Titanosaurus valdensis Steel p. 77
1974Pleurocoelus Langston p. 87
1978Macrurosaurus Bonaparte p. 562
1980Pleurocoelus Molnar p. 137
1988Macrurosaurus Carroll
1989Macrurosaurus semnus Buffetaut p. 438
1989Macrurosaurus Buffetaut p. 439
1990Pleurocoelus Dong p. 58
1990Pleurocoelus McIntosh p. 55
1990Macrurosaurus McIntosh p. 57
1990Pleurocoelus McIntosh p. 383
1990Macrurosaurus McIntosh p. 396
1990Macrurosaurus semnus McIntosh p. 396
1992Pleurocoelus Buffetaut et al. p. 12
1992Pleurocoelus Mcintosh et al. p. 164
1993Iuticosaurus Le Loeuff p. 107
1993Iuticosaurus valdensis Le Loeuff p. 107
1993Macrurosaurus Le Loeuff p. 107
1993Macrurosaurus semnus Le Loeuff p. 107
1993Pleurocoelus Salgado p. 269
1993Macrurosaurus semnus Salgado and Calvo p. 216
1993Pleurocoelus Salgado and Calvo p. 216
1994Pleurocoelus Galton p. 265
1995Eucamerotus Blows p. 190
1995Eucamerotus foxi Blows p. 190 figs. 1C, 2, 5; Pl. 1:1-6
1995Pleurocoelus Upchurch p. 253
1995Macrurosaurus Upchurch p. 380
1996Macrurosaurus Jacobs et al. p. 602
1996Pleurocoelus Jacobs et al. p. 604
1997Pleurocoelus McIntosh p. 656
1997Eucamerotus Norman p. 784
1997Pleurocoelus Salgado and Calvo pp. 44-45
1997Macrurosaurus Salgado and Calvo p. 45
1997Titanosauriformes Salgado et al. p. 12
1998Eucamerotus Blows p. 33
1998Eucamerotus foxi Blows pp. 33-34
1998Titanosauriformes Sereno p. 63
1998Eucamerotus Wilson and Sereno p. 21
1998Pleurocoelus Wilson and Sereno p. 21
1998Titanosauriformes Wilson and Sereno p. 51
1999Titanosauriformes Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
1999Pleurocoelus Tidwell et al. p. 30
2000Pleurocoelus Maxwell and Cifelli p. 22
2001Pukyongosaurus Dong et al.
2001Pukyongosaurus millenniumi Dong et al.
2001Pukyongosaurus Dong et al. p. 44
2001Titanosauriformes Smith et al. p. 1705 fig. 3
2002Pleurocoelus Thulborn p. 155
2002Titanosauriformes Wilson p. 240 fig. 13
2002Pleurocoelus Wilson p. 249
2003Brohisaurus Malkani p. 77
2003Brohisaurus kirthari Malkani p. 77 figs. 2-3
2004Titanosauriformes Martínez et al. p. 108
2004Pleurocoelus Upchurch et al. p. 266
2004Titanosauriformes Upchurch et al. p. 266
2005Eucamerotus foxi Apesteguía p. 253 fig. 12.2
2005Eucamerotus Apesteguía p. 257
2005Titanosauriformes Apesteguía p. 257
2005Titanosauriformes Salgado and Coria p. 438
2005Iuticosaurus Salgado and Coria p. 443
2005Iuticosaurus valdensis Salgado and Coria p. 443
2005Eucamerotus foxi Santucci and Bertini pp. 242-243
2005Eucamerotus Santucci and Bertini p. 243
2006Brohisaurus Malkani p. 189
2006Brohisaurus kirthari Malkani p. 189
2006Eucamerotus foxi Royo-Torres et al. figs. Table S2
2006Titanosauriformes Royo-Torres et al. p. 1926 fig. 3
2006Pleurocoelus Weishampel p. 146
2006Jiutaisaurus Wu et al. p. 7
2006Jiutaisaurus xidiensis Wu et al. p. 7 figs. Pl. 1
2007Jiutaisaurus xidiensis Lü et al. p. 174
2007Brohisaurus Malkani
2007Brohisaurus kirthari Malkani
2007Iuticosaurus valdensis Malkani
2007Macrurosaurus semnus Malkani
2007Iuticosaurus valdensis Molnar and Wiffen p. 508
2007Pleurocoelus Rose pp. 41-42 figs. 31-32
2007Titanosauriformes Rose pp. 41-42 figs. 31-32
2007Titanosauriformes Royo-Torres et al. p. 184
2007Titanosauriformes Sánchez-Hernández et al. p. 199
2008Titanosauriformes Allain and Aquesbi p. 403
2008Brohisaurus Malkani p. 52
2008Brohisaurus kirthari Malkani p. 52
2008Brohisaurus Malkani p. 55
2008Brohisaurus kirthari Malkani p. 55
2008Brohisaurus Malkani p. 56
2009Pukyongosaurus Wilson and Upchurch
2010Titanosauriformes Suteethorn et al.
2011Pleurocoelus González Riga p. 285
2011Pleurocoelus Mannion and Calvo
2011Pukyongosaurus millenniumi Paik et al. p. 342
2011Brontomerus mcintoshi Taylor et al. p. 78
2012Jiutaisaurus D'Emic
2012Jiutaisaurus xidiensis D'Emic
2012Pukyongosaurus D'Emic
2012Pukyongosaurus millenniumi D'Emic
2012Rugocaudia Woodruff
2012Rugocaudia cooneyi Woodruff p. 59
2013Titanosauriformes D'Emic
2015Titanosauriformes Xing et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Titanosauriformes
Titanosauriformes

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
L. Salgado et al. 1997Presence of medial prespinal lamina in posterior trunk vertebrae. Neural arches positioned anteriorly in mid- and posterior caudal central. Claw on manual digit I reduced or absent. Broadly expanded preacetabular lobe of the ilium, upwardly directed. Pubic peduncle perpendicular to the sacral axis. Presence of prominent lateral bulge in femur below greater trochanter.