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Torvosaurus

Reptilia - Megalosauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1979Torvosaurus Galton and Jensen p. 1 figs. 1-4, 6-8
1981Torvosaurus McIntosh p. 8
1984Torvosaurus Russell p. 22
1988Torvosaurus Carroll
1989Torvosaurus Kurzanov p. 4
1990Torvosaurus Molnar et al. p. 192
1991Torvosaurus Miller et al. p. 40
1992Edmarka Bakker et al. p. 2
1992Torvosaurus Bakker et al. p. 3
1992Torvosaurus Novas p. 140
1994Edmarka Currie and Zhao
1994Torvosaurus Currie and Zhao
1994Torvosaurus Holtz, Jr.
1994Torvosaurus Sereno et al. p. 270
1995Torvosaurus Holtz, Jr. p. 35A
1996Torvosaurus Holtz, Jr. p. 42A
1996Torvosaurus Molnar et al. p. 671
1997Torvosaurus Sereno p. 456
1998Torvosaurus Sereno p. 64
1998Torvosaurus Sereno et al.
2000Torvosaurus Holtz, Jr. p. 13 fig. 5
2002Torvosaurus Carrano et al.
2003Torvosaurus Rauhut p. 146
2004Torvosaurus Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 72
2005Torvosaurus Yates p. 118 fig. 9
2006Torvosaurus Chure et al. p. 236
2006Torvosaurus Mateus et al. p. 127
2009Torvosaurus Benson and Barrett p. 140
2012Torvosaurus Carrano et al. p. 248 fig. 7
2014Torvosaurus Hendrickx and Mateus

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
Orionides
superfamilyMegalosauroidea()
familyMegalosauridae()
genusTorvosaurus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. T. Bakker et al. 1992 (Edmarka)Diagnosis for genus and species: Closest to Torvosaurus tanneri but differs in retaining the primitive condition of a jugal that is thin medial-laterally, relatively longer and lower in lateral view, and with an orbital margin that is wider front-to-back. Further differs in the derived character of a much wider postorbital process on the jugal, with an enlarged, recessed facet on the outer surface for an expanded ventral ramus of the postorbital.
C. Hendrickx and O. Mateus 2014Megalosauroid theropod with very
shallow maxillary fossa (i.e., maxillary fossa forming a poorly delimited concavity in the anterior corner of the lateral antorbital fossa) [61], protuberant ridge below the maxillary fossa, in the ventral part of the anterior corner of the lateral antorbital fossa, interdental wall making up one-half the medial surface of the maxillary body (modified from [27]), expanded fossae in posterior dorsal and anterior caudal centra forming enlarged and deep pneumatic openings [61], highly ossified puboischiadic plate [61], and distal expansion of ischium with prominent lateral midline crest and oval outline in lateral view [61].