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Basilosaurus cetoides

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Basilosauridae

Taxonomy
Zeuglodon cetoides was named by Owen (1839) [ANSP 12944-12949 constitute the holotype according to Spammer et al. 1995. ANSP 12944-12949 constitute the holotype according to Spammer et al. 1995. ]. Its type specimen is ANSP 12944A, a set of vertebrae (lumbar vertebra), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Ouachita River, which is in a Priabonian coastal marl in the Yazoo Formation of Louisiana.

It was synonymized subjectively with Zeuglodon macrospondylus by Bronn (1853); it was recombined as Basilosaurus cetoides by Gibbes (1847), Leidy (1854), Gray and Adams (1859), Cope (1868), Leidy (1869), Hay (1902), Trouessart (1904), Hay (1930), Kellogg (1936), Sherman (1952), Mchedlidze (1970), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Uhen (2002), Uhen (2004), McLeod and Barnes (2008), Uhen (2008), Uhen (2009), Schouten (2011), Kalmykov (2012), Uhen (2013) and Uhen (2018).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1839Zeuglodon cetoides Owen p. 69 figs. Plates 7-9
1842Zeuglodon harlani De Kay p. 123
1845Hydrargos sillimanii Koch
1845Zeuglodon ceti Wyman
1845Hydrarchos sillimani Wyman pp. 65-68
1847Basilosaurus cetoides Gibbes
1848Basilosaurus harlani Hammerschmidt p. 323
1849Zeuglodon macrospondylus Müller p. 239
1853Zeuglodon macrospondylus Bronn p. 769
1854Basilosaurus cetoides Leidy p. 8
1859Basilosaurus cetoides Gray and Adams p. 203
1868Basilosaurus cetoides Cope p. 155
1869Basilosaurus cetoides Leidy p. 427
1887Zeuglodon cetoides Lydekker p. 50
1890Zeuglodon cetoides Cope p. 602
1898Zeuglodon macrospondylus Trouessart p. 1010
1902Basilosaurus cetoides Hay p. 586
1904Basilosaurus cetoides Trouessart p. 753
1906Alabamornis gigantea Abel pp. 450-458
1914Zeuglodon cetoides Abel p. 220
1925Zeuglodon cetoides Zittel p. 85
1930Basilosaurus cetoides Hay p. 570
1936Basilosaurus cetoides Kellogg p. 15
1952Basilosaurus cetoides Sherman p. 99
1970Basilosaurus cetoides Mchedlidze p. 50
1981Basilosaurus cetoides Thurmond and Jones p. 193
2002Basilosaurus cetoides Uhen p. 79
2004Basilosaurus cetoides Uhen p. 12
2008Basilosaurus cetoides McLeod and Barnes p. 94
2008Basilosaurus cetoides Uhen p. 561
2009Basilosaurus cetoides Uhen p. 93
2011Basilosaurus cetoides Schouten p. 18
2012Basilosaurus cetoides Kalmykov p. 79
2013Basilosaurus cetoides Uhen p. 6 figs. Figure 3
2018Basilosaurus cetoides Uhen

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
familyBasilosauridae
genusBasilosaurus
speciescetoides()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. D. Uhen 2013Basilosaurus cetoides is distinguished from Basilosaurus isis by its slightly larger size (Gingerich et al., 1990).