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Anguimorpha

Reptilia - Squamata

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1900Anguimorpha Fürbringer
1954Anguinomorpha McDowell and Bogert p. 129
1964Anguimorpha Antunes p. 137
1964Anguimorpha Estes p. 119
1966Anguimorpha Kuhn p. 53
1970Anguimorpha Estes and Berberian p. 5
1975Anguimorpha Seiffert p. 10
1976Anguimorpha Sahni and Srivastava p. 925
1983Anguimorpha Estes
1983Anguimorpha Stritzke
1984Anguimorpha Borsuk-Bialynicka p. 25
1986Anguimorpha Sullivan p. 109
1987Anguimorpha Sullivan p. 118
1988Anguimorpha Estes et al.
1994Anguimorpha Evans p. 35
1996Anguimorpha Gao and Fox p. 62
1996Anguimorpha Gao and Hou p. 589
1998Anguimorpha Gao and Nessov
1998Anguimorpha Gao and Norell p. 3
2000Anguimorpha Lee and Caldwell
2000Anguimorpha Nydam
2001Anguimorpha Peng et al. p. 28
2005Anguimorpha Evans and Wang p. 725
2006Anguimorpha Smith p. 5
2010Anguimorpha Böhme p. 24
2013Anguimorpha Pyron et al.
2015Anguimorpha Cernansky et al. p. 106
2016Anguimorpha Stocker and Kirk

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Lepidosauromorpha(Benton 1983)
superorderLepidosauria()
orderSquamata
Episquamata
ToxicoferaVidal and Hedges 2005
suborderAnguimorphaFürbringer 1900
suborderAnguimorphaFürbringer 1900

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
S. B. McDowell and C. M. Bogert 1954Tongue characteristic, with a bifid, inelastic fore portion, set off by at ransverse fold from the elastic hind portion, the hind portion serving as a sheath to the fore tongue when the tongue is retracted; tooth replacement alternate and interdental (the replacement teeth developing between the older, functional teeth and replacing them by anterior rather than upward migration); teeth without basal fossae for replacement teeth; premaxillae fused, but without a median tooth; premaxilla pierced by a foramen; lacrimal present; maxilla firmly united to the surrounding bones; angular distinct, not fused to surrounding jaw elements; Meckelian groove open anterior to the splenial; septomaxilla roofing the organ of Jacobson.