Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Phocoenidae (porpoise)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Phocoenidae

Taxonomy
Phocaenina was named by Gray (1825). It is extant.

It was reranked as the family Phocaenidae by Abel (1914), Van Deinse (1931), Slijper (1936), Simpson (1945), Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott (1951), Barnes (1985), de Muizon (1988), Carroll (1988), Benton (1993), McKenna and Bell (1997) and Ichishima and Kimura (2000); it was corrected as Phocaenini by Zittel (1925); it was reranked as the family Phocoenidae by Kasuya (1973), Gaskin et al. (1974), Brownell (1975), Brownell (1983), Brownell and Praderi (1984), Muizon (1984), Barnes et al. (1985), Vidal (1991), Nowak (1991), Fordyce and Barnes (1994), Fordyce et al. (1995), Rice (1998), Fordyce and de Muizon (2001), Rice (2002), Geisler and Sanders (2003), Gingerich (2005), Mead and Brownell (2005), Ichishima and Kimura (2005), Bianucci and Landini (2007), Foekens (2008), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Uhen et al. (2008), Rice (2009), Ichishima and Kimura (2009), Canto et al. (2010), Geisler et al. (2011), Murakami et al. (2012), Murakami et al. (2012), Murakami (2015), Tanaka and Ichishima (2016), Marx et al. (2016) and Berta (2017).

It was assigned to Delphinidae by Gray (1825), Gray (1864), Gray (1868) and Zittel (1925); to Delphinoceti by Abel (1914) and Van Deinse (1931); to Odontoceti by Slijper (1936); to Cetacea by Nowak (1991); to Odontoceti by Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott (1951), Carroll (1988), Benton (1993), Rice (1998), Geisler and Sanders (2003) and Mead and Brownell (2005); to Delphinoidea by Simpson (1945), Kasuya (1973), Gaskin et al. (1974), Brownell (1975), Brownell (1983), Brownell and Praderi (1984), Muizon (1984), Barnes et al. (1985), Barnes (1985), de Muizon (1988), Vidal (1991), Fordyce and Barnes (1994), Fordyce et al. (1995), McKenna and Bell (1997), Ichishima and Kimura (2000), Fordyce and de Muizon (2001), Rice (2002), Gingerich (2005), Ichishima and Kimura (2005), Bianucci and Landini (2007), Foekens (2008), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Uhen et al. (2008), Rice (2009), Ichishima and Kimura (2009), Canto et al. (2010), Murakami et al. (2012), Murakami et al. (2012), Murakami (2015), Tanaka and Ichishima (2016) and Marx et al. (2016); and to Monodontoidae by Geisler et al. (2011) and Berta (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Phocaenina Gray p. 340
1864Phocaenina Gray p. 244
1868Phocaenina Gray p. 8
1914Phocaenidae Abel p. 221
1925Phocaenini Zittel p. 87
1931Phocaenidae Van Deinse p. 33
1936Phocaenidae Slijper p. 556
1945Phocaenidae Simpson p. 104
1951Phocaenidae Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott p. 728
1973Phocoenidae Kasuya p. 61
1974Phocoenidae Gaskin et al. p. 1
1975Phocoenidae Brownell p. 1
1983Phocoenidae Brownell
1984Phocoenidae Brownell and Praderi p. 1
1984Phocoenidae Muizon p. 79
1985Phocaenidae Barnes p. 161
1985Phocoenidae Barnes et al. p. 25
1988Phocaenidae Carroll
1988Phocaenidae de Muizon p. 189
1991Phocoenidae Nowak
1991Phocoenidae Vidal p. 5
1993Phocaenidae Benton p. 762
1994Phocoenidae Fordyce and Barnes p. 429 figs. Table 1
1995Phocoenidae Fordyce et al. p. 340
1997Phocaenidae McKenna and Bell p. 390
1998Phocoenidae Rice p. 121
2000Phocaenidae Ichishima and Kimura p. 561
2001Phocoenidae Fordyce and de Muizon p. 179
2002Phocoenidae Rice p. 231 figs. Table 1
2003Phocoenidae Geisler and Sanders p. 28
2005Phocoenidae Gingerich p. 237 figs. Table 15.1
2005Phocoenidae Ichishima and Kimura p. 655
2005Phocoenidae Mead and Brownell p. 735
2007Phocoenidae Bianucci and Landini p. 45 figs. Table 2.1
2008Phocoenidae Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 4.3
2008Phocoenidae Foekens p. 7 figs. Table 1
2008Phocoenidae Uhen et al. p. 591
2009Phocoenidae Ichishima and Kimura p. 857
2009Phocoenidae Rice p. 235 figs. Table 1
2010Phocoenidae Canto et al. p. 20
2011Phocoenidae Geisler et al. p. 29 figs. Figure 5
2012Phocoenidae Murakami et al. p. 1158 figs. Figure 8
2015Phocoenidae Murakami p. 99
2016Phocoenidae Marx et al. p. 137
2016Phocoenidae Tanaka and Ichishima p. 2
2017Phocoenidae Berta p. 164

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
Odontoceti()
infraorderDelphinida
superfamilyDelphinoidea
familyPhocoenidae()
familyPhocoenidae()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available