|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Basilosauridae
It was recombined as Zygorhiza kochii by Kellogg (1936), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Fordyce (1982), Uhen (1998), Uhen (2002), Uhen (2004), Bouetel and Muizon (2006), McLeod and Barnes (2008), Uhen (2008), Uhen (2009), Fitzgerald (2010), Marx (2011), Schouten (2011), Uhen (2013), Gingerich (2015), Velez-Juarbe et al. (2015) and Uhen (2018).
|Year||Name and author|
|1847||Basilosaurus kochii Carus p. 13 figs. pl. 2, Figs. 3-4|
|1849||Zeuglodon hydrarchus Carus p. 385 figs. plates 39A, 39B|
|1851||Zeuglodon brachyspondylus minor Müller pp. 69-80|
|1898||Zeuglodon hydrarchus Trouessart p. 1010|
|1908||Zygorhiza brachyspondylus True p. 13|
|1908||Zygorhiza brachyspondylus minor True p. 13|
|1908||Zeuglodon brachyspondylus minor True pp. 69-80|
|1914||Zeuglodon brachyspondylum Abel pp. 203, 220|
|1914||Zygorhiza minor Abel p. 220|
|1928||Zygorhiza minor Kellogg pp. 40-41|
|1930||Zygorhiza minor Hay p. 568|
|1936||Zygorhiza kochii Kellogg p. 101|
|1981||Zygorhiza kochii Thurmond and Jones p. 192|
|1982||Zygorhiza kochii Fordyce p. 422|
|1998||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen p. 38|
|2002||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen p. 79|
|2004||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen p. 12|
|2006||Zygorhiza kochii Bouetel and Muizon p. 383|
|2008||Zygorhiza kochii McLeod and Barnes p. 93|
|2008||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen p. 562|
|2009||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen p. 93|
|2010||Zygorhiza kochii Fitzgerald p. 370 figs. Table 1|
|2011||Zygorhiza kochii Marx p. 83 figs. Figure 2|
|2011||Zygorhiza kochii Schouten p. 18|
|2013||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen p. 11|
|2015||Zygorhiza kochii Gingerich p. 164|
|2015||Zygorhiza kochii Velez-Juarbe et al. p. 15 figs. Fig. 10|
|2018||Zygorhiza kochii Uhen|
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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
|M. D. Uhen 2013||Members of the species Zygorhiza kochii have strong vertical ornamentation on the enamel of the teeth, and well-developed cingula on the premolars with additional cuspules on these cingula (e.g. Kellogg, 1936; Köhler & Fordyce, 1997). These features are not shown in the type specimen, as it lacks teeth. See the discussion below regarding the replacement of the holotype with a neotype specimen, USNM 11962, which does show this di- agnostic feature clearly (Kellogg, 1936, plates 10-15).
Additional cranial features were investigated as pos- sible diagnostic characteristics of Zygorhiza kochii. All proved to be either too difficult to assess, or proved to be variable in nature. For instance, the periotic has proven to be a good source of diagnostic characters among taxa of Neoceti, but there are a very limited number of periotics associated with teeth and skulls for Zygorhiza kochii. Some small differences in the shape of the pars cochlearis and the anterior processes were observed, but it is impossible to know whether this is due to intraspecific variation or possible interspecific variation.
Also, the area of the cranial vertex was investigated, but proved to be highly variable. Among the five skulls at- tributed to Zygorhiza that preserve this area (RMM 2739, TM 8501, USNM 11962, 16638, and 16639), all have nota- ble differences in the conformation of the sutures in this region. In RMM 2739, the premaxillae meet posterior to the external nares, excluding the anterior nasals from the narial opening. In USNM 16638, the lateral margin of the nasal presents a “notch” into which the posteriormost end of the premaxilla is sutured. TM 8501, USNM 11962 and USNM 16638 all have a large anterior process of the fron- tal (narial process of the frontal). RMM 2739, has a small anterior processes of the frontal, while USNM 16639 has none. Finally, in USNM 11962, the posterior end of the me- dial margin of the maxilla makes contact with the anterior process of the frontal, while in all of the others (this can- not be observed in TM 8501) it contacts the lateral margin of the nasal. Since none of these features seem to correlat- ed to one another, for the time being, Zygorhiza kochii is considered to be a highly variable species in these respects.