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Spheniscidae

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Spheniscidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1831Spheniscidae Bonaparte
1891Spheniscidae Moreno and Mercerat p. 29
1901Apterodytes Ameghino p. 81
1901Apterodytes ictus Ameghino p. 81
1905Neculus Ameghino
1905Palaeoapterodytes Ameghino pp. Plate 3, Fig. 16a
1905Palaeoapterodytes ictus Ameghino
1905Spheniscidae Ameghino
1905Palaeoapterodytes Ameghino p. 120
1905Palaeoapterodytes ictus Ameghino p. 120
1905Neculus Ameghino p. 125
1905Ichtyopteryx Ameghino p. 128
1905Ichtyopteryx gracilis Ameghino p. 128
1905Orthopteryx Wiman p. 27 figs. Plate VIII Fig 2, a, b
1905Orthopteryx gigas Wiman p. 27 figs. Plate 8, Fig. 2
1905Ichtyopteryx Wiman p. 251
1905Ichtyopteryx gracilis Wiman p. 251 figs. Plate 12, Fig. 4
1933Spheniscidae Lambrecht p. 226
1933Palaeoapterodytes Lambrecht p. 229
1933Palaeoapterodytes ictus Lambrecht p. 229
1933Ichthyopteryx Lambrecht p. 231
1933Ichthyopteryx gracilis Lambrecht p. 231
1933Neculus Lambrecht p. 231
1933Orthopteryx Lambrecht p. 235
1933Orthopteryx gigas Lambrecht p. 235
1946Neculus Simpson p. 26
1946Apterodytes Simpson p. 31
1946Apterodytes ictus Simpson p. 31
1946Ichthyopteryx Simpson p. 36
1946Ichthyopteryx gracilis Simpson p. 36
1963Spheniscidae Brodkorb p. 231
1963Orthopteryx Brodkorb p. 234
1963Orthopteryx gigas Brodkorb p. 234
1963Ichtyopteryx Brodkorb p. 235
1963Ichtyopteryx gracilis Brodkorb p. 235
1963Neculus Brodkorb p. 240
1971Spheniscidae Simpson p. 334
1971Orthopteryx Simpson p. 381
1974Spheniscidae Jenkins p. 293
1979Spheniscidae Simpson p. 2
1981Spheniscidae Simpson p. 267
1985Spheniscidae Jenkins p. 183
1985Spheniscidae Olson p. 151
1988Spheniscidae Carroll
1992Spheniscidae Baird p. 24
1993Spheniscidae Cheneval p. 89
2002Spheniscidae Myrcha et al. p. 17
2002Delphinornis gracilis Myrcha et al. p. 30 figs. Fig. 11
2003Spheniscidae Clarke et al. p. 3
2003Spheniscidae Stucchi et al. p. 363
2004Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche et al. p. 235
2005Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche and Stucchi p. 2
2005Spheniscidae Mayr p. 67
2005Spheniscidae Tambussi et al.
2006Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche et al.
2006Spheniscidae Jadwiszczak p. 11
2006Delphinornis gracilis Jadwiszczak p. 34
2006Spheniscidae Tambussi et al. p. 151
2006Spheniscidae Walsh and Suarez p. 117
2007Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche
2007Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche et al. p. 301
2007Spheniscidae Gohlich p. 286
2007Spheniscidae Livezey and Zusi p. 90
2008Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche et al. p. 568
2008Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche and Tambussi p. 113
2010Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche and Reguero p. 293
2011Delphinornis gracilis Jadwiszczak and Mörs p. 271
2011Spheniscidae Jadwiszczak and Mörs p. 271
2011Spheniscidae Mayr p. 73 figs. Figure 5
2012Spheniscidae Jadwiszczak p. 262
2012Spheniscidae Park and Fitzgerald p. 317
2013Spheniscidae Jadwiszczak et al. p. 547
2014Spheniscidae Acosta Hospitaleche p. 557
2014Spheniscidae Park p. 451
2017Spheniscidae Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
orderSphenisciformesSharpe 1891
familySpheniscidaeBonaparte 1831
familySpheniscidaeBonaparte 1831

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available