Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Crocuta crocuta (spotted hyaena)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Hyaenidae

Taxonomy
Canis crocuta was named by Erxleben (1777) [Originally named Canis crocuta by Erxleben]. It is extant.

It was recombined as Hyaena crocuta by Boule and De Villeneuve (1927); it was recombined as Crocuta crocuta by Gray (1868), Watson (1878), Mivart (1882), Kurten (1968), Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi (1995) and Koepfli et al. (2006).

Subspecies
Sister species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1777Canis crocuta Erxleben
1820Hyaena capensis Desmarest
1820Hyaena rufa Desmarest
1820Hyaena maculata Odmann
1842Hyaena cuvieri Boitard
1868Crocuta crocuta Gray p. 525
1878Crocuta crocuta Watson
1882Crocuta crocuta Mivart p. 198
1900Hyaena (Crocotta) gariepensis Matschie
1900Hyaena (Crocotta) germinans Matschie
1900Hyaena (Crocotta) noltei Matschie
1900Hyaena (Crocotta) thierryi Matschie
1900Hyaena (Crocotta) togoensis Matschie
1900Hyaena (Crocotta) wismanni Matschie
1905Hyaena (Crocotta) leontiewi Satunin
1908Crocotta kibotonensis Lönnberg
1908Crocotta panganensis Lönnberg
1911Crocuta nyassae Cabrera
1911Crocuta nzoyae Cabrera
1911Crocuta rufopicta Cabrera
1911Crocuta thomasi Cabrera
1914Crocuta crocuta fisi Heller
1924Crocuta crocuta fortis Allen
1927Hyaena crocuta Boule and De Villeneuve p. 73
1968Crocuta crocuta Kurten p. 64
1995Crocuta crocuta Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi p. 242
2006Crocuta crocuta Koepfli et al. p. 604

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
RankNameAuthor
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
Ferae()
CarnivoramorphaWyss and Flynn 1993
CarnivoraformesFlynn et al.
orderCarnivoraBowditch 1821
suborderFeliformiaKretzoi 1945
superfamilyAeluroideaFlower 1869
familyHyaenidae
genusCrocutaErxleben 1777
speciescrocuta()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available