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Goniasteridae

Asteroidea - Valvatida - Goniasteridae

Taxonomy
Goniasteridae was named by Forbes (1841) [Initial spelling "Goniasteriae" modified by Perrier (1875)]. It is extant. Its type is Goniaster. It was considered monophyletic by Gale (1987) and paraphyletic by Gale (2011) and Mah and Blake (2012).

It was assigned to Granulosina by Spencer and Wright (1966) and Hess (1972); to Neoasteroidea by Donovan et al. (1993); to Goniasteroidea by Eagle (1999); to Tripedicellaria by Gale (2011); and to Valvatida by Perrier (1884), Gale (1987), Blake and Jagt (2005), Breton and Néraudeau (2008), Villier (2008), Blake (2010), Villier (2010), Gale (2011) and Mah and Blake (2012).

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1841Goniasteridae Forbes p. 77
1850Pentetagonaster d'Orbigny p. 90
1884Goniasteridae Perrier p. 231
1966Goniasteridae Spencer and Wright p. U56
1972Goniasteridae Hess p. 11
1987Goniasteridae Gale p. 125
1993Goniasteridae Donovan et al. p. 129
1999Goniasteridae Eagle p. 551
2005Goniasteridae Blake and Jagt p. 185
2008Goniasteridae Breton and Néraudeau p. 329
2008Goniasteridae Villier p. 152
2010Goniasteridae Blake p. 184
2010Goniasteridae Villier p. 708
2011Goniasteridae Gale p. 59
2012Goniasteridae Mah and Blake p. 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumAsterozoa
RankNameAuthor
classAsteroidea
subclassAmbuloasteroidea
infraclassNeoasteroidea()
superorderValvatacea
orderValvatida
familyGoniasteridae
familyGoniasteridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M.K. Eagle 1999Pentagonal to narrowly stellate forms generally with large disc; marginals well differentiated, opposite, normally without odd interradial marginals; plates on both oral and aboral surfaces in close contact; aboral plates flat to tumid, tabulate or paxilliform, with or without spines or granules; pedicellariae most commonly alveolate or valvate.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitef
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinef
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: detritivoref
Vision: limitedc
Dispersal: waterf
Dispersal 2: planktonicf
Created: 2007-10-02 04:01:50
Modified: 2007-10-02 06:05:14
Source: f = family, c = class, p = phylum
References: Blake 1990, Aberhan et al. 2004, Aberhan 1992

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Toarcian to the top of the Late/Upper Miocene or 182.00000 to 5.33300 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 175.6 Ma

Collections (186 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Toarcian182.0 - 175.6France (Poitou-Charentes) Comptoniaster vrinensis, Galbaster recurrans (31839)
Late/Upper Bajocian171.6 - 167.7Switzerland Tylasteria berthandi, Noviaster polyplax (32036)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3France Comptoniaster sharpii (59772)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France Pycinaster bradfordiensis, Tylaster luciensis, Tylaster priscum (72284)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Orne) Spenceraster lamarei (58524)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3Ukraine Oreaster sp., Pentagonaster sp. (67868)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2France Tylaster argenciensis, Miopentagonaster calloviensis (72288)
Late/Upper Callovian164.7 - 161.2France Tylasteria prisca (97871)
Late/Upper Callovian164.7 - 161.2Poland Goniasteridae indet., Comptoniaster sp., Pulcinellaster lukowensis (63064)
Early/Lower Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Switzerland Goniasteridae indet., Tylasteria jurensis (62046)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France Noviaster sp., Goniasteridae indet., Tylasteria jurensis, Hessaster longimarginalis (61724) Tylasteria prisca (62726)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Switzerland Goniasteridae indet. (61723) Noviaster sp. (58317)
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France Tylasteria prisca (62708 62715 62724)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8France Comptoniaster meyeri, Ceramaster chantrei (58209)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Tylasteria jurensis (154138)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0United Kingdom Pseudarchaster portlandicus (59916)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2France Pentetagonaster malbosii (91168)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0Germany Goniasteridae indet. (91586)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0France Comptoniaster godeti (59653)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France Goniasteridae indet., Caletaster barremicus (75576)