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Carnosauria (carnosaur)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Taxonomy
Carnosauria was named by Huene (1920).

It was reranked as the suborder Carnosauria by Huene (1927), Huene and Matley (1933) and Krebs (1974); it was reranked as the superfamily Carnosauria by Kuhn (1946) and Parsch (1963); it was synonymized subjectively with Deinodontoidea by Tatarinov (1964); it was synonymized subjectively with Megalosauroidea by Maleev (1968); it was reranked as the unranked clade Carnosauria by Gauthier (1986), Gauthier et al. (1989), Osmolska (1990), Holtz and Padian (1995), Holtz (1996), Currie (1997), Hutchinson and Padian (1997), Holtz (1998), Holtz (2000), Azuma and Currie (2000), Rauhut (2003), Holtz et al. (2004), Yates (2005) and Malafaia et al. (2007).

It was assigned to Pachypodosauria by Huene (1926), Huene (1929), Huene (1948) and Huene (1954); to Saurischia by Huene (1926), Huene (1927), Huene (1929), Huene and Matley (1933), Krebs (1974), Bonaparte (1978) and Zhao (1983); to Theropoda by Roxo (1937), Kuhn (1946), Lapparent (1947), Haughton and Brink (1954), Delair (1960), Parsch (1963), Simmons (1965), Romer (1966), Miller (1967), Reig (1970), Haubold (1971), Delair (1973), Anderson and Cruickshank (1978), Baird and Horner (1979), Benton (1979) and Buscalioni and Sanz (1987); to Theropoda by Gauthier et al. (1989); to Theropoda by Lull (1953), Romer (1956), Estes (1964), Walker (1964), Colbert (1964), del Corro (1966), Colbert and Russell (1969), Osmólska and Roniewicz (1970), Steel (1970), Swinton (1970), Barsbold (1976), Barsbold (1977), Ostrom (1980), Santafé et al. (1982), Dong et al. (1983), Barsbold (1983), Russell (1984), Gauthier and Padian (1985), Jensen (1985), Currie (1995), Azuma and Currie (2000) and Maisch and Matzke (2003); to Tetanurae by Gauthier (1986), Benton (1990), Osmolska (1990), Novas (1992), Chatterjee (1993), Russell and Dong (1994), Holtz and Padian (1995), Currie (1997), Rauhut (2003) and Coria and Currie (2006); and to Avetheropoda by Holtz (1996), Hutchinson and Padian (1997), Holtz (1998), Holtz (2000), Holtz et al. (2004), Yates (2005) and Malafaia et al. (2007).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1876Aublysodon lateralis Cope
1877Aublysodon lateralis Cope p. 316
1902Deinodon lateralis Hay p. 489
1920Carnosauria Huene p. 211
1926Carnosauria Huene pp. 103-104
1927Carnosauria Huene p. 256
1929Carnosauria Huene p. 155
1933Carnosauria Huene and Matley p. 70
1937Carnosauria Roxo p. 44
1946Carnosauria Kuhn p. 65
1947Carnosauria Lapparent pp. 16-17
1948Carnosauria Huene p. 89
1953Carnosauria Lull p. 178
1954Carnosauria Haughton and Brink p. 4
1954Carnosauria Huene p. 45
1956Carnosauria Romer p. 613
1960Carnosauria Delair p. 76
1963Carnosauria Parsch p. 4
1964Carnosauria Colbert p. 21 fig. 6
1964Carnosauria Estes p. 144
1964Carnosauria Walker p. 105
1965Carnosauria Simmons p. 64
1966Carnosauria Romer p. 369
1966Carnosauria del Corro p. 2
1967Carnosauria Miller p. 232
1969Carnosauria Colbert and Russell p. 45
1970Carnosauria Osmólska and Roniewicz p. 7
1970Carnosauria Reig p. 277
1970Carnosauria Steel p. 20
1970Aublysodon lateralis Steel p. 40
1970Carnosauria Swinton p. 117
1971Carnosauria Haubold p. 75
1973Carnosauria Delair p. 1
1974Carnosauria Krebs p. 22
1976Carnosauria Barsbold p. 74
1977Carnosauria Barsbold p. 50
1978Carnosauria Anderson and Cruickshank p. 31
1978Carnosauria Bonaparte p. 316
1979Carnosauria Baird and Horner p. 6
1979Carnosauria Benton p. 142
1980Carnosauria Ostrom p. 22
1982Carnosauria Santafé et al. p. 83
1983Carnosauria Barsbold p. 95
1983Carnosauria Dong et al.
1983Carnosauria Zhao p. 296
1984Carnosauria Russell p. 28
1985Carnosauria Gauthier and Padian pp. 189-190 fig. 2
1985Carnosauria Jensen p. 711
1986Carnosauria Gauthier p. 55 fig. 9
1987Carnosauria Buscalioni and Sanz p. 66
1989Carnosauria Gauthier et al. p. 347
1990Carnosauria Benton p. 19
1990Carnosauria Osmolska p. 149
1992Carnosauria Novas p. 144
1993Carnosauria Chatterjee p. 283
1994Carnosauria Russell and Dong p. 2125
1995Carnosauria Currie p. 25A
1995Carnosauria Holtz, Jr. and Padian p. 35A
1996Carnosauria Holtz, Jr. p. 42A
1997Carnosauria Currie p. 732
1997Carnosauria Hutchinson and Padian p. 94
1998Carnosauria Holtz, Jr. p. 39
2000Carnosauria Azuma and Currie p. 1737
2000Carnosauria Holtz, Jr. pp. 20-21 fig. 5
2003Carnosauria Maisch and Matzke p. 282
2003Carnosauria Rauhut p. 143
2004Carnosauria Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 74
2005Carnosauria Yates p. 118 fig. 9
2006Carnosauria Coria and Currie p. 108 fig. 35
2007Carnosauria Malafaia et al. p. 258

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
RankNameAuthor
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
Carnosauria()
Carnosauria()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
F. v. Huene 1948Large skull; teeth predaceous; gap between supraoccipital and parietal; 9-10 cervicals, 3 or more sacrals; manus a little reduced on ulnar side; acetabular opening wide; broad anterior spine of ilium; pubis plate-like, in later forms narrowed at distal end; ischium with peduncle; metatarsus in later forms tridactyl.
J. F. Bonaparte 1978Triásico superior Jurásico-Cretácico; de hábitos bipedales; formas de talla mediana hasta gigantesca; carnívoros.