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Protocetinae (disused)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Protocetidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1990Protocetinae Gingerich and Russell
1995Protocetinae Fordyce et al. p. 379
1996Protocetinae Thewissen et al. p. 71 figs. Figure 31
1997Protocetinae McKenna and Bell p. 370
1999Protocetinae Uhen p. 513
2001Protocetinae Fordyce and de Muizon p. 176
2001Protocetinae Uhen p. 136
2005Protocetinae Gingerich et al. p. 200
2007Protocetinae Bianucci and Landini p. 45 figs. Table 2.1
2008Protocetinae McLeod and Barnes p. 93
2008Protocetinae Uhen p. 560
2009Protocetinae Gingerich et al. p. 3
2014Protocetinae Gingerich and Cappetta p. 111
2015Protocetinae Gao and Ni p. 156 figs. Table 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
familyProtocetidae
subfamilyProtocetinae
subfamilyProtocetinae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. D. Uhen 2001Members of the subfamily Protocetinae have either a single sacral vertebra connected to the innominata or they have no sacral vertebrae that are directly connected to the innominata or connected to one another. See Uhen (1999) for a discussion of the differences between and composition of the subfamilies of Protocetidae, the Protocetinae and Indocetinae. Included Genera. — Eocetus Fraas, 1904; Pappocetus Andrews, 1920; Babiacetus Trivedy and Satsangi, 1984; Takracetus Gingerich, Arif, and Clyde, 1995; Gaviacetus Gingerich, Arif, and Clyde, 1995; Georgiacetus Hulbert and others, 1998, Natchitochia Uhen, 1998a.
M. D. Uhen 2008Members of the subfamily Protocetinae are characterized by having either a single sacral vertebra connected to the innominata or no sacral vertebrae that are directly connected to the innominata or connected to one another (Uhen, 1998b). The subfamily Protocetinae is most likely paraphyletic, giving rise to the Basilosauridae (Thewissen et al., 1996).