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Phacoides

Bivalvia - Lucinida - Lucinidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Phacoides Blainville p. 550
1904Phacoides Glenn p. 336
1917Phacoides Sellards
1925Phacoides Woodring p. 117
1928Phacoides Nagao p. 58
1931Phacoides Olsson p. 49
1935Phacoides Oostingh p. 173
1943Phacoides Gardner p. 76
1980Phacoides Vokes p. 102
1982Phacoides Woodring p. 614

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
RankNameAuthor
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
LucinidiaGray 1854
orderLucinida(Stoliczka 1871)
superfamilyLucinoideaFleming 1828
familyLucinidaeFleming 1828
subfamilyLucininaeFleming 1828
genusPhacoidesBlainville 1825

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
height33.812.805.503.601.39

Composition: aragonitef
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Life habit: deep infaunalf
Diet: chemosymbioticf
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-05-17 03:07:50
Modified: 2009-10-09 08:44:03
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Late/Upper Campanian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 83.50000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 72.1 Ma

Collections (190 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) P. glebula (7610 7620 7626)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) P. mattiformis (7482 7504 7552 7579)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Georgia) P. mattiformis (1309)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Egypt P. dachelensis (1363)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Nigeria P. dachelensis (1329)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Libya P. dachelensis (1364 1370)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) P. mattiformis (1313)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Oman P. dachelensis (1381)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Jordan P. olea, P. dachelensis (1358)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Texas) P. mattiformis (1296 1298 1392 1393 7480 7493 7521 7550 7564)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Angola P. egitoensis (1369)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alabama) P. mattiformis (4238 4253 4270 4273 4274 4276 4331)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Georgia) P. mattiformis (4265 4266 4268 4269 4277 4282 4299 4302)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) P. mattiformis (4101)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alabama) P. mattiformis (4186 4197)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) P. mattiformis (4455 5554)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Texas) P. sp. (5572 5599 85315)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7USA (Texas) P. sp. (86307)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (California) P. quadrata (190795) P. sp. (190792) P. turneri (190769 190779 190787 190800)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Austria (Salzburg) P. subsquamosa (84335)
Paleogene66.0 - 23.03Japan P. pullensis (205250)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Denmark P. sp. (35263 35265 35266)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2USA (California) P. muirensis (81800)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Nigeria P. sp. (46260)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Mexico (Tamaulipas) P. quintamaia (43045)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2Mexico (Baja California Sur) P. sp. (43757 43758)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Nigeria P. eaglesomei (51238 51239 51241 51242 51243 51246) P. subrhomboidalis, P. eaglesomei (51240)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Croatia P. dinarii (124308 124309 124371)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Colombia P. sp. (42787)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (South Carolina) P. alveatus (92432)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4USA (California) P. sp. (71200)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4USA (Georgia) P. perovatus (60835) P. perovatus, P. wacissanus (60841) P. sp. (60838 90567) P. wacissanus (60832 60839)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1USA (Florida) P. hillsboroensis (60663) P. hillsboroughensis (60975) P. hillsboroughensis, P. wacissanus (60968) P. wacissanus (60672 60960 60965 60970 60976) P. wacissanus, P. hillsboroensis (60665 60677)
Early/Lower Oligocene - Middle Miocene33.9 - 11.608Haiti P. smithwoodwardii (173459)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (North Carolina) P. nocariensis, P. silicatus (71652)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03Panama P. cerma (42569 42572 42574) P. sp. (42568)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03USA (California) P. actulineatus (11601)
Chattian - Aquitanian28.1 - 20.44USA (Florida) P. silicatus (61106 61127) P. wacissanus (61047 61051 61072 61100) P. wacissanus, P. silicatus (61108 61110) P. wacissanus, P. tampaensis, P. silicatus (60985)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44USA (Maryland) P. contractus (70589)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Peru P. insleyi (66141)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (South Carolina) P. sp. (92413)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Brazil (Para) P. eudaidalus, P. thalassogonus (60979)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Ecuador (Esmeraldas) Lucina pacifica (60753)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Mexico (Baja California Sur) P. sp. (43804)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97France (Bordeaux) P. michelotti (48660)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Colombia (La Guajira) P. sp. (136881 136882 136908 156621 156700 156748 157342 158214 160770 160776 161894)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (Florida) P. calhounensis, P. nereididetus (42225) P. nereididetus (42222 42605) P. sphaeriolus (42272) P. sphaeriolus, P. eupheus (42328)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97USA (Maryland) P. contractus (45511 70591)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) P. contractus (70842)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Colombia (La Guajira) P. sp. (136885 136907 161087 161088 161089)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Maryland) P. anodonata (70846) P. contractus (70855)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland P. sp. (37370 37371)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Moldova P. borealis (78644 78647 78663 78665)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (Maryland) P. anodonata (70853)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) P. sactaecrucis (52212)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Dominican Republic P. domingensis (58816) P. hispaniolana, P. cercadica (58817)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (Florida) P. flumenvadosa (94808) P. sp., P. parawhitfieldi (94806)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Haiti P. recurrens (60106)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Dominican Republic P. cercadica (58875)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Dominican Republic P. domingensis (74968 74970)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Belgium P. borealis (80674)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Indonesia P. johnsoni (84522) P. tegalensis, P. javanus (84520 84533)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Mexico (Baja California) P. californica (97124)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588India P. micropteryx (77658)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Costa Rica P. liani (66792)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117USA (Florida) P. disciformis, P. sp., P. tuomeyi (41749)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588USA (California) P. tenuisculpta (186031)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Jamaica P. quadricostatus, P. sp. (58522)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) P. chrysostoma (67072 79797) P. tuomeyi (59484 59485 59486 59487 59491)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588USA (South Carolina) P. contractus (92412)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Panama (Bocas) P. sp. (61341)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Panama P. pectinatus (80307) P. sp., P. pectinatus (80304)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781USA (Florida) P. amabilis (79336) P. amabilis, P. pectinatus (79331) P. pectinatus (79333) P. tuomeyi (74999 75003)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Haiti P. sp. (66811)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Colombia Anodontia pectinata (97679)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Cuba Lucina jamaicensis (66772)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126USA (Florida) P. disciformis (67069)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) P. nasuta, P. sp. (34269)